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Species: Pheidole roushae   Wilson, 2003 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole roushae Wilson, 2003A: 344, figs. (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Puebla
Neotropical Region: Alta Verapaz, Americas, Atlántida, Belize, Cayo, Central America, Chiapas, Guatemala, Honduras, Izabal, Mexico, Petén, Veracruz

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole roushaeHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named in honor of Sal Roush, in recognition of her outstanding contribution in service and support to tropical conservation, hence the habitats in which the PheidoleHNS ants will continue to survive.

diagnosis A member of the fallaxHNS group, very distinct but with some similarities to fallaxHNS, jelskiiHNS, obscurithoraxHNS, puttemansiHNS, and valensHNS, recognizable as follows.

Major: reddish yellow; head quadrate; antennal scape very long, slightly surpassing occipital lobe in repose; frontal lobes rugoreticulate; all of space between eyes, circular carinulae of antennal fossae and anterior genal margins rugoreticulate; posterior half of head foveolate and opaque, with scattered, short, irregular rugulae scattered over the dorsal surface of the occipital lobes; petiolar node very thick in side view, its apex broadly rounded; anterior fourth of middle strip of first gastral tergite shagreened.

Minor: eye large and set well forward, its anterior margin only slightly more distant from the anterior clypeal margin than Eye

Length; entire head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate; petiolar node in side view thick, its apex broadly rounded.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.14, HL 1.20, SL 1.04, EL 0.20, PW 0.60.

Paratype minor: HW 0.60, HL 0.78, SL 1.04, EL 0.16, PW 0.44.

Color Major: reddish yellow ("orange").

Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type series was collected in a shaded cafetal, a tropical forest with planted coffee.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. MEXICO: Sierra Teoviscocla, near Cuichapa, Veracruz, 1600 m (Cornell University Mexico Field Party, 1965). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 56 times found in tropical moist forest, 31 times found in 2º wet forest, 24 times found in mesophil forest, 15 times found in lowland wet forest, 5 times found in tropical wet forest, 10 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 4 times found in Bosque Tropical Húmedo, 1 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in tropical rainforest, 1 times found in Bosque húmedo subtropical, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 118 times at bait, 26 times ex sifted leaf litter, 6 times beating vegetation, 1 times ex sifted litter; 6L sifted litter; extracted in Winkler sack over 20 hours.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 118 times Baiting, 13 times MaxiWinkler, 12 times MiniWinkler, 6 times Beating, 2 times Winkler, 1 times YPT, dung baited times PF, mushroom baited times PF.

Elevations: collected from 160 - 1600 meters, 503 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole roushae: jtlc000016512



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