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Species: Pheidole purpurea   Longino, 2009 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Pheidole purpurea Longino, 2009 PDF: 67, fig. 19 (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki


Southern Mexico to Honduras.


Pheidole purpurea occurs in wet to moist forest, from sea level to nearly 1700m. It can be a common epigaeic forager, recruiting rapidly to baits on the ground and often recruiting major workers to baits. A nest was observed beneath a stone.


Pheidole purpurea shows abundant geographic variation in traits, and some intra-populational variation. The metallic purple sheen is very strong in some populations (lowland areas of Lacandon rainforest, mid-elevation Pacific slope of southern Sierra Madre de Chiapas), faint in others (Laguna Metzabok and Nahá, 500-1000m in the Lacandon area), and absent in others (mid-elevation sites in central and northern portions of Sierra Madre de Chiapas). Foveolate sculpture on the lateral pronotum is usually well developed. A population in the central portion of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (near Custepec) has the faintest pronotal sculpture observed among all the material examined (that and the lack of purple sheen make minor workers indistinguishable from P. mooreorum at the same site). Two minor workers from the northern end of the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (Sierra Morena), tentatively identified as P. purpurea, have the opposite extreme, with the heaviest pronotal sculpture observed.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-11-06 15:47:08 jack longino modified Comments
On 2013-11-06 15:45:58 jack longino modified Biology
On 2013-11-06 15:44:59 jack longino modified Distribution

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 26 times found in 2º wet forest, 37 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 21 times found in tropical rainforest, 20 times found in lowland wet forest, 8 times found in mesophil forest, 8 times found in 2º lowland tropical rainforest, 7 times found in mature wet forest, 3 times found in Bosque Tropical Húmedo, 6 times found in tropical moist forest, 1 times found in coffee farm, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 78 times Baiting, 39 times MiniWinkler, 23 times MaxiWinkler, 3 times bait, 3 times Berlese, 2 times search, 1 times Beating, 1 times Winkler

Elevations: collected from 20 - 1660 meters, 377 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype Pheidole purpurea: casent0609143; Paratype Pheidole purpurea: casent0609144, casent0609145, casent0609146, casent0609147, casent0609148, casent0609149, casent0609150, casent0609151, casent0609531, casent0609532, casent0609561, casent0609562, casent0609581, casent0609582, casent0610000, casent0610001, casent0610002, casent0610003, casent0610004

(-1 examples)

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