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Species: Pheidole punctatissima   Mayr, 1870 

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See Also:

Pheidole punctatissima_cf, Pheidole punctatissima annectans, Pheidole punctatissima annectens, Pheidole punctatissima atrox, Pheidole punctatissima barbouri, Pheidole punctatissima impressifrons, Pheidole punctatissima insulana, Pheidole punctatissima jamaicensis, Pheidole punctatissima napaea, Pheidole punctatissima praetermissa, Pheidole punctatissima punctatissima

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole punctatissima Mayr, 1870a PDF: 400 (s.w.) MEXICO. Neotropic. NHMW. CASENT0601256. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history


Nearctic Region: California
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Alta Verapaz, Aragua, Atlántida, Belize, Canal Zone, Cartago, Chiapas, Colombia, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Escuintla, Estelí, Francisco Morazán, Gracias a Dios, Granada, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Limón, Madriz, Magdalena, Masaya, Matagalpa, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Olancho, Panama, Petén, Puntarenas, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, San José, Tamaulipas, Venezuela, Veracruz
Palearctic Region: Denmark

Distribution Notes:

Mexico (type locality) to Colombia, questionable record from Cuba (Kempf 1972). Costa Rica: disturbed habitats of Pacific lowlands and montane areas.


Natural History:

This species thrives in disturbed areas, and it is often a pest ant. Nests are often in ephemeral cavities: soft rotten sticks, beneath bark flaps, in debris in forks of trees, etc.


(Dutch vernacular name: blauwbaard dikkop)


Brown, W. L. Jr. 1981. Preliminary contributions toward a revision of the ant genus Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicdae). Part I. J. Kansas Ent. Soc. 54:523-530.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole punctatissima   Forel, A., 1908, Fourmis de Costa-Rica, récoltées par M. Paul Biolley., Bulletin de la Societe Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles 44, pp. 35-72: 52, (download) 52 4014
Pheidole punctatissima   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press: 618-619, (download) 618-619 20017
Pheidole punctatissima   Longino, J. T. & Cox, D. J., 2009, Pheidole bilimeki reconsidered (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1985, pp. 34-42: 41, (download) 41 22416
Pheidole punctatissima   Emery, C., 1896, Studi sulle formiche della fauna Neotropica., Bollettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 28, pp. 33-107: 44-45, (download) 44-45 3798
Pheidole punctatissima   Borgmeier, T., 1939, Nova contribuição para o conhecimento das formigas neotropicais (Hym. Formicidae)., Revista de Entomologia, São Paulo 10, pp. 403-428: 420, (download) 420 6484

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 22 times found in tropical moist forest, 19 times found in 2º wet forest, 14 times found in lowland wet forest, 9 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, 19 times found in tropical dry forest, 12 times found in Port of Entry, 12 times found in mesophil forest, 2 times found in lowland tropical rain forest, 2 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 6 times found in riparian mesophil for., ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 60 times at bait, 46 times ex sifted leaf litter, 20 times beating vegetation, 1 times in litter, on palm leaves, 1 times in soil of houseplant indoors, 1 times nest in live stems Myriocarpa, 1 times S. P. Cover#12, 1 times ex carton nest on tree trunk, 1 times nest in rotten stick, 1 times nest in live tree, 3 times foragers, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 73 times search, 57 times Baiting, 35 times MiniWinkler, 20 times Beating, 6 times bait, 4 times hand collecting, 5 times Winkler, 6 times MaxiWinkler, 1 times Orchid leaf, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times Berlese, ...

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2500 meters, 527 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype Pheidole punctatissima: casent0601256; Paralectotype Pheidole punctatissima: casent0601257; syntype of Pheidole punctatissima: casent0901593, casent0901594; syntype Pheidole napaea: jtlc000016094, jtlc000016095

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