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Species: Pheidole meinerti   Forel, 1905 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Pheidole meinerti Forel, 1905e PDF: 159 (s.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Senior synonym of Pheidole mimula: Wilson, 2003A: 616.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Wilson, E. O.:
Pheidole meinerti Forel 1905e: 159. Syn.: Pheidole mimula Wheeler 1916c: 5, n. syn.
Etymology Named after the collector F. Meinert.
Diagnosis Major: pilosity of mesosomal dorsum sparse, comprising four or so pairs of short erect hairs; entire head, mesosoma, waist foveolate and opaque; other sculpturing limited to longitudinal carinulae on anterior half of head; anterior fifth of median strip of first gastric tergite shagreened, and remainder of gaster smooth and shiny.
Minor: pilosity of dorsa of mesosoma and waist sparse, consisting of a small number of short, erect pairs of setae, some of which are clavate; some hairs on rear third of head also clavate; occiput narrow, with thin nuchal collar. Measurements (mm) Holotype ofmeinerti major: HW 0.78, HL 0.78, SL 0.56, EL 0.10, PW 0.36. Minor (Cuzco Amazonico, near Puerto Maldonado, Peru): HW 0.42, HL 0.48, SL 0.56, EL 0.08, PW 0.26. color Major and minor: concolorous yellow.
Range Known from single records each from Venezuela, Guyana, and Amazonian Brazil, Peru, and Ecuador.
biology At Cuzco Amazonico, neaT Maldonado, Peru, Stefan Cover and John Tobin found meinerti in mature terra firme forest and forest transitional between terra fume and seasonally flooded forest. The species appears to be adapted to unstable nest sites on the ground. Two of the colonies were between dead leaves in the leaf litter, and one was in a rotten stick on the surface of the litter. Colonies were small, consisting of 100 workers or less, and a single queen. Cover (personal communication) notes that both majors and minors have long legs and antennae, move very rapidly, and are not aggressive when the nests are disturbed. In this respect they resemble auriger , aripoensis , cataractae , and demeter . Possibly these are traits that represent a guild of opportunistic, frequently emigrating ground nesters.
Figure Upper: major (syntype of synonymous mimula ); right hind femur depicted at bottom. Lower: minor (syntype of synonymous mimula ). GUYANA: Tukeit. (Type locality: La Moka, Venezuela; F. Meinert.) Scale bars = 1 mm.

Forel, A., 1905:
- [[ soldier ]]. - Long. 2,3 mill. - Tres voisine de la lignicola Mayr, dont elle differe comme suit: Les scapes atteignent et depassent meme un peu le quart posterieur de la tete (atteignent tout au plus le tiers posterieur chez la lignicola ). La tete est a peine retrecie devant (distinctement chez la lignicola ). Les tibias et les scapes n'ont aucun poil dresse, seulement une pubes- cence entierement adjacente. La sculpture reticulee-ponctuee est plus forte et s'etend au premier segment de l'abdomen, tandis que les rides de la tete n'atteignent pas les lobes occipitaux, qui sont sim- plement reticules-ponctues. L'echancrure du mesonotum est plutot plus forte. Les epines sont plutot plus faibles; la stature est plus grele et le deuxieme n oe ud est un peu plus large, subdente laterale- ment au milieu. Bien distincte de [' Anastasii par la forme arrondie du pronotum, par les cotes convexes de la tete et les longues antennes.
La Moka, Venezuela (Meinert).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in riparian dry forest

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 1 times Winkler

Elevations: collected from 150 - 200 meters, 166 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pheidole meinerti: casent0908289

(-1 examples)



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