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Species: Pheidole gulo   Wilson, 2003 


Classification:
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See Also:

Pheidole gulo_cf

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole gulo Wilson, 2003A: 295, figs. (s.w.) NICARAGUA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:

(based on species list records)
Neotropical Region: Alta Verapaz, Americas, Atlántida, Baja Verapaz, Belize, Cayo, Central America, Chiapas, Chontales, Comayagua, Cortés, Costa Caribe Norte, Costa Rica, Gracias a Dios, Guatemala, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Jinotega, Madriz, Matagalpa, Mexico, Nicaragua, Olancho, Petén, Zacapa

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole guloHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L guloHNS, glutton, wolverine.

diagnosis A member of the fallaxHNS group somewhat similar to cockerelliHNS and perpilosaHNS (see also the less similar species listed with them), but easily distinguished as follows.

Major: yellow; almost entire dorsal and lateral surfaces of head rugoreticulate, including frontal lobes, as illustrated; almost all of mesosoma and waist foveolate and opaque; pronotal dorsum in addition rugoreticulate; dorsa of petiolar and postpetiolar nodes in addition faintly carinulate; anterior fringe of central strip of first gastral tergite shagreened; pronotal profile in dorsal-oblique view bilobous; postpetiole from above diamond-shaped.

Minor: yellow; dorsal surface of head, mesosoma, and waist foveolate and opaque; anterior strip of pronotal dorsum rugulose; occiput narrowed but at most with a very thin nuchal collar; mesonotal convexity very prominent. Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.46, HL 1.52, SL 1.00, EL 0.22, PW 0.76. Paratype minor: HW 0.62, HL 0.74, SL 1.00, EL 0.16, PW 0.44.

Color Major: body medium reddish yellow ("orange"), appendages light reddish yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology Unknown.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. NICARAGUA: Rio Kukra (Ivette Perfecto). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 76 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 64 times found in montane rainforest, 49 times found in mesophil forest, 23 times found in montane wet forest, 20 times found in mesophyll forest, 19 times found in tropical moist forest, 12 times found in 2º wet forest, 22 times found in lowland wet forest, 12 times found in cloud forest, 10 times found in tropical rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 267 times at bait, 61 times ex sifted leaf litter, 16 times beating vegetation, 3 times nest in soil, 4 times nest, 3 times forest litter, 1 times nest under dead wood, 2 times at bait nr stream edge, on tree fern times night hike, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times at bait at night, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 268 times Baiting, 42 times MiniWinkler, 10 times search, 13 times MaxiWinkler, 16 times Beating, 6 times Berlese, 3 times Winkler, 2 times bait, 1 times YPT, 1 times FIT, 1 times Malaise, ...

Elevations: collected from 40 - 2125 meters, 912 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole gulo: jtlc000016397



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