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Costa Rica, Guatemala (type locality), Honduras, Mexico. Costa Rica: northwestern lowlands.
This species occurs in open areas in the seasonally dry habitats. It occurs along roadsides, and in scrubby xeric habitats in Santa Rosa National Park (e.g., ridge above Playa Naranjo) and Palo Verde. It is a generalist forager, and comes to tuna baits.
|Pheidole gouldi||Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 294, (download)||294||20017|
|Pheidole gouldi||Forel, A., 1911, Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.)., Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911, pp. 285-312: 304, (download)||304||4029|
Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in tropical dry forest, 2 times found in 2nd growth dry forest, 2 times found in xeric scrub, 3 times found in roadside vegetation, 1 times found in grassy slope, 3 times found in beach enclosure, 2 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in dry oak woodland, 3 times found in scrubby dry forest, 2 times found in 2º mesophil forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times at bait, 3 times nest in soil, 1 times foragers on vertical bank, 4 times beating vegetation, 4 times at bait on ground, 2 times strays, 1 times roadside veg., active along grassy margin of road, possibly aroused by nearby Ec, 3 times ex ground, 1 times on ground, 1 times nest under rock, 1 times nest in ground, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 21 times search, 2 times bait, 5 times Baiting, 4 times Beating, 1 times direct collection, 1 times sweep.
Elevations: collected from 10 - 1930 meters, 596 meters average