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Species: Pheidole gouldi   Forel, 1886 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole gouldi Forel, 1886b PDF: xlii (s.w.q.m.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

See also: Wilson, 2003A: 295.


Neotropical Region: Chiapas, Costa Rica, El Paraíso, El Progreso, El Salvador, Granada, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Honduras, Huehuetenango, La Libertad, La Unión, Lempira, Madriz, Nicaragua, Puntarenas, Sacatepéquez, San Salvador, Zacapa
Palearctic Region: United Arab Emirates

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica, Guatemala (type locality), Honduras, Mexico. Costa Rica: northwestern lowlands.


Natural History:

This species occurs in open areas in the seasonally dry habitats. It occurs along roadsides, and in scrubby xeric habitats in Santa Rosa National Park (e.g., ridge above Playa Naranjo) and Palo Verde. It is a generalist forager, and comes to tuna baits.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole gouldi   Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 294, (download) 294 20017
Pheidole gouldi   Forel, A., 1911, Ameisen des Herrn Prof. v. Ihering aus Brasilien (Sao Paulo usw.) nebst einigen anderen aus Südamerika und Afrika (Hym.)., Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift 1911, pp. 285-312: 304, (download) 304 4029

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 5 times found in tropical dry forest, 2 times found in 2nd growth dry forest, 2 times found in xeric scrub, 1 times found in dry oak woodland, 3 times found in scrubby dry forest, 1 times found in grassy slope, 3 times found in beach enclosure, 1 times found in road edge in mesophyl forest, 1 times found in clearing in Pinus foret, 1 times found in scrubby xeric vegetation, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 4 times at bait, 3 times nest in soil, 4 times beating vegetation, 4 times at bait on ground, 1 times foragers on vertical bank, 3 times ex ground, 1 times roadside veg., active along grassy margin of road, possibly aroused by nearby Ec, 1 times foragers, 1 times Dry forest. Strays. Collecting at night. Odontomachus foraging in leaf litter. P, 1 times roadside veg., strays at bus stop., 1 times on ground, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 21 times search, 2 times bait, 5 times Baiting, 4 times Beating, 1 times sweep.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1930 meters, 608 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Pheidole gouldi: casent0905770, casent0908097, casent0908098; type of Pheidole gouldi: focol0629, focol0628-1, focol0628-2

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