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Species: Pheidole gauthieri   Forel, 1901 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole ursus r. Gauthieri Forel, 1901j PDF: 367 (w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Forel, 1912g PDF: 233.
Senior synonym of Pheidole oxymora: Wilson, 2003A: 693.

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Americas, Atlántida, Central America, Chiapas, Chontales, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Gracias a Dios, Guatemala, Guyana, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Limón, Matagalpa, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puntarenas, South America

Distribution Notes:

Colombia (type locality), Panama (type locality of subspecies oxymora), Costa Rica, Guatemala. Costa Rica: southern Atlantic and southern Pacific lowlands.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species occurs in mature wet forest; nests in dead wood in the low arboreal zone; forages in the leaf litter and at extrafloral nectaries.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole gauthieriHNS Forel

Pheidole ursus r. gauthieriHNS Forel 190lj:' 367. Raised to species level by Forel 1912g: 233. Syn.: Pheidole gauthieri var. oxymoraHNS Forel 1912g: 233, n.syn.

Types Mus. Hist. Nat. Geneve.

Etymology Named after A. and C. Gauthier of Colombia, who assisted Forel in his itinerary.

diagnosis Similar to antillanaHNS, coveriHNS, fulleraeHNS, hetschkoiHNS, heyeriHNS, napoensisHNS, and segurigerHNS in various traits but easily distinguished as follows.

Major: propodeal spines as long as basal face of propodeum; occiput smooth and shiny; smaller patch of rugoreticulum present laterad to each antennal fossa; loose rugoreticulum present on anterior half of pronotal dorsum but absent on posterior half; postpetiole spinose.

Minor: occiput, sides of head, and entire dorsum of mesosoma rugoreticulate, and almost all of remainder of head and mesosoma variously rugulose or carinulate; propodeal spines as long as basal face of propodeum; occiput narrowed but lacking a nuchal collar. Measurements (mm) Major (Panama): HW 2.04, HL 2.12, SL 0.86, EL 0.20, PW 0.94. Lectotype minor: HW 0.80, HL 0.81, SL 0.86, EL 0.16, PW 0.54. Color Major: concolorous light reddish brown.

Minor: head and mesosoma light reddish yellow; waist, gaster, and appendages clear dark yellow.

Range I have seen material from Guatemala (Tikal), Costa Rica (Osa Peninsula), Panama (localities in the Canal Zone), and Colombia. J. T. Longino (1997) reports it from both the Atlantic and Pacific lowlands of Costa Rica.

Biology In Costa Rica Longino (1997) found gauthieriHNS in mature wet forest, nesting in dead wood in the low arboreal zone and foraging in the leaf litter and at extrafloral nectaries. A winged queen was present in a nest on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 27 June (W. M. Wheeler).

Figure Upper: syntype, major of synonymous gauthieri var. oxymora (Panama)HNS. Lower: lectotype, minor (road from Dibulla to San Antonio, Guajira, Colombia). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 9 times found in tropical rainforest, 4 times found in mature wet forest, 4 times found in 2nd growth forest, 1 times found in primary forest, 1 times found in mature and second growth wet forest, 1 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, 1 times found in Bosque Tropical Húmedo, 1 times found in lowland wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times at bait, 7 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times nest, 1 times in dead branch, 1 times nocturnal strays, 2 times d' épine de Xanthoxylon, 1 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 1 times ex sifted litter, rotten wood.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 11 times baiting, 6 times miniWinkler, 3 times search, 3 times bait, 3 times Winkler, 1 times pan trap.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 600 meters, 151 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Pheidole gauthieri: casent0908280; syntype of Pheidole gauthieri oxymora: casent0908281, casent0908282



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