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Species: Pheidole chocoensis   Wilson, 2003 


Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole chocoensis Wilson, 2003A: 274, figs. (s.w.) COLOMBIA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Americas, Central America, Chocó, Chontales, Coclé, Colombia, Costa Caribe Norte, Costa Rica, Darién, Gracias a Dios, Heredia, Honduras, Matagalpa, Nicaragua, Panama, Puntarenas, San José, South America

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press

Pheidole chocoensisHNS new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

etymology Named after the region of the type locality.

diagnosis A small, yellow member of the fallaxHNS group similar to araneoidesHNS and wallaceiHNS, and easily distinguished as follows. Major: extensive rugoreticulation covers the space between the eye to the frontal carinae and circular carinulae of the antennal fossae; head roughly quadrate, occiput deep; antennal scapes fall short of the occipital lobes by 2X the scapes' maximal width; mesopleuron and dorsal face of propodeum carinulae; pilosity dense and very long.

Minor: neck and nuchal collar well-developed; basal face of propodeum drops vertically in front to metanotum; mesopleuron carinulate.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.18, HL 1.24, SL 1.00, EL 0.20, PW 0.62. Paratype minor: HW 0.46, HL 0.66, SL 0.98, EL 0.14, PW 0.34. Color Major: concolorous medium reddish yellow. Minor: concolorous medium yellow.

Range Known only from the type locality.

Biology The type series was collected from a forested mountain slope. A winged queen was present 1-4 June.

figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. COLOMBIA: Finca Los Guaduales, 10 km southwest of Jose del Palmar, Rio Torito, Choco, 760 m (Charles Kugler). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 13 times found in montane wet forest, 9 times found in mature rainforest, edge of forest near pasture and agricultural land, steep rocky terrain, 4 times found in wet forest, 3 times found in cloud forest, 3 times found in tropical wet forest, 1 times found in SHO 2600, 2 times found in montane wet forest edge, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 1 times found in tropical rainforest, 1 times found in mature rainforest, near pasture edge, small stream through forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 15 times at bait, 9 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times pecan sandie bait, 1 times Primary forest, 2 times nocturnal, at bait, 2 times bajo de M/18, 2 times Hojarasca, 2 times bajo de M/05, 1 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times bajo de M/17.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times baiting, 6 times bait, 7 times miniWinkler, 5 times flight intercept trap, 6 times Malaise, 1 times Lure/Bait, 2 times Mini Winkler, 2 times Winkler, 1 times MaxiWinkler.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 1320 meters, 605 meters average

Type specimens: paratype Pheidole chocoensis: jtlc000016347



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