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Species: Pheidole branstetteri   Longino, 2009 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Pheidole branstetteri Longino, 2009 PDF: 17, fig. 2 (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Alta Verapaz, Belize, Cayo, Chiapas, Comayagua, Francisco Morazán, Guatemala, Honduras, Izabal, Petén

Distribution Notes:

Mexico (Chiapas), Guatemala, Honduras.

Biology:

This species occurs in lowland rainforest to cloud forest. It is known most abundantly from baits on the forest floor, and major workers are often found with minor workers at baits. Minor workers are also occasionally collected in Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2009, Additions to the taxonomy of New World Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 2181, pp. 1-90

Pheidole branstetteriHNS new species

Figure 2

Holotype major worker. Mexico, Chiapas: Naha, 16.96291°N 91.59335°W, ±100m, 985m, 10 Jun 2008 (LLAMA#Ba-A-07-1-01-07) [UNAM, unique specimen identifier CASENT0609076].

Paratypes: major and minor workers. Same data as holotype; Mexico, Chiapas: Naha, 16.94860°N 91.59957°W, ±200m, 950m, 10 Jun 2008 (LLAMA#Ba-A-07-2-02-03 and Ba-A-07-2-02-12); Mexico, Chiapas: Naha, 16.97978°N 91.58544°W, ±100m, 860m, 12 Jun 2008 (LLAMA#Ba-A-07-3-03-02 and Ba-A- 07-3-04-05) [BMNH, CAS, FMNH, INBC, LACM, MCZ, MZSP, UCD, UNAM, USNM].

FIGURE 2. Pheidole branstetteriHNS. Major worker: A, face view; B, lateral view; C, dorsal view; D, hypostomal margin. Minor worker: E, face view; F, lateral view; G, dorsal view; H, hind tibia. A-C, Holotype major worker; D, non-type major worker; E-H, Paratype minor worker. Scale bars 1mm.

Geographic Range

Mexico (Chiapas).

Diagnosis

With the general habitus and morphometric profile of P. texticepsHNS. Minor worker: face uniformly foveate versus smooth and shining ( texticepsHNS). Major worker: petiolar node in posterior view with dorsal margin distinctly bilobed, medially concave, wider than one half width of postpetiole, versus dorsal margin weakly convex, flat, or weakly concave, about one half width of postpetiole; face with vertex lobes always smooth and shiny versus usually with roughened sculpture extending almost or entirely to posterior margin of vertex, less often vertex lobes smooth and shiny; promesonotum with at most 2 very short setae, variably located, versus promesonotum usually with three pairs of stiff short erect setae, less often with fewer; gastral dorsum always devoid of erect setae versus usually with at least a few stiff erect setae, rarely totally lacking ( texticepsHNS).

Description of minor worker

Measurements (paratype): HL 0.66, HW 0.59, HLA 0.24, SL 0.72, EL 0.14, ML 0.81, PSL 0.09, PMG 0.03, SPL 0.03, PTW 0.13, PPW 0.18, CI 90, SI 122, PSLI 13, PMGI 5, SPLI 5, PPI 137.

Measurements (n=14): HL 0.59-0.70, HW 0.56-0.66, SL 0.63-0.78, CI 85-98, SI 102-132.

Mandible smooth and shining; clypeus faintly foveolate, overlain with reticulate rugulae; face uniformly foveolate, occasionally overlain with weak rugulae; margin of vertex uniformly rounded or flattened with median impression; occipital carina narrow, not or barely visible in full face view; scape with sparse erect setae longer than maximum width of scape; promesonotal groove strongly impressed; propodeal spines present; pronotal dorsum foveolate, overlain with reticulate rugulae; side of pronotum foveolate anteriorly and smooth and shiny posteriorly, or entirely foveolate; katepisternum and dorsal and lateral faces of propodeum uniformly foveate with variable presence of overlying rugulae; promesonotal dorsum with about six pairs short stiff erect setae; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with decumbent pubescence and 0-3 suberect setae subequal in length to maximum width of tibia; first gastral tergum smooth and shining or with small area of faint foveolate sculpture near postpetiolar insertion; gastral dorsum with sparse stiff erect setae; color orange.

Description of major worker

Measurements (holotype): HL 1.01, HW 1.05, HLA 0.34, SL 0.72, EL 0.19, ML 1.01, PSL 0.09, PMG 0.05, SPL 0.05, PTW 0.26, PPW 0.35, IHT 0.36, OHT 0.43, CI 104, SI 68, PSLI 9, PMGI 5, SPLI 4, PPI 131, HTI 84.

Measurements (n=7): HL 0.92-1.04, HW 0.92-1.17, SL 0.69-0.73, CI 99-113, SI 60-75.

Mandible smooth and shiny; clypeus smooth and flat with pronounced anterior notch; anterior face foveolate overlain with reticulate rugulae, grading to foveolate between frontal carina and compound eye, grading to smooth and shining on vertex lobes, medial area between frontal carinae foveolate overlain with longitudinal carinulae; head with no setae projecting from lateral or posterior margins of head in face view; scape smooth and shining, terete at base, with appressed pubescence and 1-3 suberect setae, these shorter than maximum width of scape; hypostomal margin gently curved; median tooth at most an inconspicuous gibbosity; inner hypostomal teeth thin and pointed, much closer to outer hypostomal teeth than to midline; promesonotal groove strongly impressed; propodeal spines present; pronotal dorsum weakly foveolate rugulose, anterior margin and sides smooth and shining; katepisternum, lateral and dorsal faces of propodeum foveolate; dorsal (outer) margin of hind tibia with short appressed pilosity only, no long erect hairs; mesosomal dorsum devoid of erect setae or with 1-2 very short, irregularly located stiff erect setae; petiolar node in posterior view with dorsal margin distinctly bilobed, medially concave, wider than one half width of postpetiole; in dorsal view postpetiole lenticular but not strongly conulate, smooth and shining or very faintly foveolate; first gastral tergite smooth and shining, completely devoid of erect setae; color orange.

Biology

This species occurs in lowland rainforest to cloud forest. It is known most abundantly from baits on the forest floor, and major workers are often found with minor workers at baits. Minor workers are also occasionally collected in Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter. Isolated minor workers from the Sierra Madre de Chiapas (see Comments), tentatively identified as this species, were also collected in beating samples.

Etymology

This species is named for Michael Branstetter, a student of myrmecology and an indispensable participant in the LLAMA project.

Comments

This species is most thoroughly known from rainforest areas of northern Chiapas, Mexico. Isolated minor workers from the Sierra Madre de Chiapas are tentatively identified as this species, but there are slight differences in morphology and no major workers have been collected to support the identification.

Additional material examined

MEXICO: Chiapas, Sierra Morena, 16°09'15"N, 093°35'23"W, 1150m (J. Longino); 2.8km NE Coapilla, 17°09'10"N, 093°08'46"W, 1700m (J. Longino); Lagos de Montebello, Cinco Lagos, 16°06'04"N, 91°40'27"W, 1600m (R. S. Anderson); 12km NW Flor de Cafe, 16°08'25"N, 91°16'17"W, 520m (R. S. Anderson); Sierra Morena, 16°09'41"N, 93°36'02"W, 1325m (LLAMA); 2km SE Custepec, 15°43'16"N, 92°57'02"W, 1520m (LLAMA); Playon de la Gloria, 16°09'33"N, 90°54'06"W, 160m (LLAMA); Lago Metzabok, 17°07'34"N, 91°37'50"W, 570m (LLAMA).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in mesophil forest, 11 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 12 times found in tropical moist forest, 12 times found in lowland wet forest, 1 times found in montane rainforest, 1 times found in cloud forest, 2 times found in Bosque Tropical Húmedo, 2 times found in mesophyll forest, 1 times found in 2º mesophil forest, 2 times found in 2º wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 43 times at bait, 19 times ex sifted leaf litter, 4 times beating vegetation, 1 times workers on ground, 1 times Malaise trap.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 42 times Baiting, 11 times MiniWinkler, 5 times MaxiWinkler, 4 times Beating, 2 times Berlese, 1 times at bait, 1 times Malaise, 1 times search, 1 times Winkler, 1 times bait.

Elevations: collected from 160 - 1700 meters, 708 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype Pheidole branstetteri: casent0609076; Paratype: fmnhins0000050014, fmnhins0000050015; Paratype Pheidole branstetteri: casent0609077, casent0609078, casent0609079, casent0609080, casent0609081, casent0609082, casent0609083, casent0609084, casent0609249, casent0609250, casent0609295, casent0609296, casent0609307, casent0609308, casent0609333, casent0609334, casent0609349, casent0609350



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