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Species: Pheidole JTL205

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Classification:
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Biology:

This species occurs in cloud forest habitats. It is common at baits on the forest floor and in Winkler samples. Nests have been found in chambers in rotten wood and under loose bark of rotten wood.

At Cerro Saslaya in Nicaragua, this was a common species on the mossy peak at 1600m. Populous nests could be found in rotten wood beneath epiphyte mats.

Comments:

Longino note, 13 Nov 2013:

cf. alticola, minor has more box-like promesosomal profile, more upwardly directed propodeal spines; major has more impressed promesonotal groove, more upwardly directed propodeal spines, head in lateral view with dorsal profile less convex. In Olancho state, Honduras, majors differ from rectisentis in smooth shiny portions of vertex lobes, mandible dorsal surface smooth and shiny with small puncta. In contrast, rectisentis majors are coarsely reticulate rugose/foveolate on entire face including vertex lobes, mandible has coarse striae on sides of basal half and coarse puncta on rest of dorsal surface. Minor workers are extremely similar; minors of rectisentis have more impressed striate sculpture on basal half of mandibles, paralleling difference in majors, but the difference is subtle; foveolation on side of head behind eye is feebler than on rectisentis; hind tibia never has erect setae above uniform, appressed setae; rectisentis may or may not have a few differentiated erect setae.

DNA barcoding data show rectisentis, JTL205, and JTL206 as one cluster with three subclusters, with 10-15% sequence divergence among the subclusters. JTL206 is lowland, known from the La Mosquitia region of Honduras, but the other two are strictly montane. Pheidole rectisentis and JTL205 are sympatric at multiple sites. Within JTL205, there are three subclusters, with 5-10% sequence divergence, for specimens from three different mountain tops: La Muralla in Honduras, Sierra de Agalta in Honduras, and Cerro Saslaya in Nicaragua. This suggests one lineage with multiple allopatric populations on mountain tops in Honduras and Nicaragua, with sufficient time and reproductive isolation to allow sequence divergence among the populations.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 149 times found in oak cloud forest, 102 times found in cloud forest, 54 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 18 times found in 2º mixed hardwood forest, 8 times found in cloud forest w/pine, 3 times found in cloud forest stream edge, 4 times found in wet cloud forest, 1 times found in mature cloud forest, 3 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in cloud forest clearing, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 190 times at bait, 152 times ex sifted leaf litter, 1 times nest under loose bark, 1 times nest in dead wood, 3 times beating vegetation, 1 times at bait on rotten log, 1 times nest under epiphytes, 1 times nest, 1 times Malaise trap, 1 times ex sifted litter.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 188 times Baiting, 119 times MiniWinkler, 31 times MaxiWinkler, 8 times search, 3 times Winkler, 3 times Beating, 1 times Malaise.

Elevations: collected from 650 - 2020 meters, 1567 meters average

Type specimens:



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