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Southern Mexico to Amazonia, Bolivia. Costa Rica: widespread in mature rainforest; sea level to 800m on Cordillera de Tilaran, to 1300m on Cordillera de Talamanca.
This species is a very common arboreal forager in the canopy of mature rainforest. Workers run very rapidly on tree trunks and are difficult to catch. All the nests I have observed have been small, with few workers. They seem to nest opportunistically in almost any small cavity: under epiphytes, in small pieces of dead wood, dead hollow stems, etc. I once found a nest in two internodes of a Cecropia insignis sapling.
Forel, A. 1899. Formicidae. Biologia-Centrali Americana 3:1-169.
Forel, A. 1909. Ameisen aus Guatemala usw., Paraguay und Argentinien (Hym.). Dt. Entomol. Z. 1909:239-269.
Roger, J. 1861. Die Ponera-artigen Ameisen (Schluss). Berl. Entomol. Z. 5:1-54.