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Costa Rica: Atlantic slope, 1100-1500m, Cordillera Volcanica Central.
This species occurs in montane wet forest. It is known from five workers in four collections: one collection from the 1100m site and three from the 1500m site on the Barva transect in Braulio Carrillo National Park and vicinity. All of them were from under epiphyte mats. In one case a lone worker was in a chamber with brood, and in the field it looked like a foundress queen. Thus it is possible that workers can reproduce in this species.
Morphologically, this species is only slightly differentiated from Pachycondyla JTL-015. However, the correlated microhabitat difference (under epiphytes versus in leaf litter on the forest floor) supports the hypothesis that they are separate species.
See additional observations on ferruginea complex under panamensis.