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Southern Mexico to Colombia (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: common in uplands of Cordillera de Tilaran and Cordillera Volcanica Central; the common species in Monteverde; less common to sea level on Atlantic slope (La Selva) and 500m on Pacific slope (Carara).
In Monteverde the diurnal foragers are common, and on warm days alate queens commonly fly into buildings. Nests are in rotten wood on the ground. Workers have been observed harvesting Calathea seeds. The species is rare at La Selva.
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.
Forel, A. 1899. Formicidae. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3:1-160.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in lowland rainforest, 6 times found in montane wet forest, 2 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in tall wet forest, 2 times found in wet forest, 2 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 2 times found in montane rainforest, 2 times found in Primary wet forest, 1 times found in rainforest/pasture edge, mature rainforest on steep hillside, 1 times found in mature moist forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 2 times nest in dead wood, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, 4 times at bait, 2 times Malaise trap, odontomachus nest under epiphyte mat on fallen log near lagun times wet forest, #2033, 3 times strays, 1 times on dead wood, 1 times cloud forest, strays; Cloud Forest Reserve; alate Odontomachus along road betwee, 2 times beating vegetation, 1 times beating veg., 2 times bajo de M/04, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 13 times search, 7 times Malaise, 3 times flight intercept trap, 4 times Baiting, 3 times Beating, 2 times Malaise trap, 2 times Blacklight, 2 times miniWinkler, 1 times Winkler, 1 times at light, 1 times Berlese/Winkler, ...
Elevations: collected from 30 - 2000 meters, 780 meters average