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Species: Odontomachus meinerti   Forel, 1905 

Classification:
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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Odontomachus haematodes r. Meinerti Forel, 1905e PDF: 156 (w.) VENEZUELA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Raised to species: Bolton, 1995b: 296.
[Brown gives Odontomachus minuta as senior name but Odontomachus meinerti has priority and is the first available name for this taxon: Bolton, 1995b: 296.].

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Aragua, Argentina, Atlántida, Barinas, Bolivia, Bolívar, Brazil, Canindeyú, Cartago, Chiapas, Chontales, Colombia, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Formosa, Gracias a Dios, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Guyana, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Jinotega, Limón, Madre de Dios, Matagalpa, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mérida, Napo, Nayarit, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Ocotopeque, Olancho, Panama, Panamá Oeste, Paraguay, Peru, Petén, Puntarenas, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, Retalhuleu, Santa Cruz, Suchitepéquez, Trinidad and Tobago, Upper Takutu-Upper Essequibo, Venezuela, Veracruz, Zacapa

Distribution Notes:

Southern Mexico to Southern Brazil, Bolivia (Brown 1976). Costa Rica: throughout in wet to dry forest, to 1200m.

Biology:

Natural History:

This is a relatively common species in Costa Rica, as revealed by its frequent presence in samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor (Winkler samples). However, I have rarely seen nests. I once observed a nest under a stone in the moist forest/dry forest ecotone at Maritza station in the Guanacaste Conservation Area. I once observed a dealate queen that fell out of a Cephaelis stem I was dissecting in Braulio Carrillo National Park.

References:

Bolton, B. 1995. A New General Catalogue of the Ants of the World. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Mass.

Brown, W. L., Jr. 1976. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomol. 19:67-171.

Emery, C. 1894. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. VI-XVI. Boll. Soc. Entomol. It. 26:137-241.

Forel, A. 1905. Miscellanea myrmecologiques II (1905). Annls Soc. Entomol. Belg. 49:155-185.

Luederwaldt, H. 1918. Notas myrmecologicas. Revista do Museu Paulista 10:29-64.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55

meinerti ForelHNS 1905.

Alto Paraná, Canindeyú, Central, Cordillera, Itapúa, Paraguarí, San Pedro (ALWC, BMNH, IFML, INBP, LACM, MHNG). Literature records: “Paraguay” (s. loc.) (Kempf 1972).

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 90 times found in mature wet forest, 40 times found in tropical rainforest, 40 times found in montane wet forest, 38 times found in lowland wet forest, 0 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 29 times found in tropical moist forest, 17 times found in 2º wet forest, 18 times found in 2º lowland rainforest, 17 times found in tropical wet forest, 14 times found in lowland rainforest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 360 times ex sifted leaf litter, 20 times Hojarasca, 26 times at bait, 11 times Malaise trap, 9 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 5 times sifted litter, 5 times pan trap, 4 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 2 times nest under stone, 2 times foragers at cookie bait, 2 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 233 times MiniWinkler, 97 times MaxiWinkler, 45 times Winkler, 26 times Baiting, 17 times Berlese, 11 times Malaise, 14 times Mini Winkler, 0 times Epigaeic pitfall, 6 times search, 6 times Pan Trap, serapilheira times Berlese, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1500 meters, 476 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Odontomachus haematoda minuta: casent0904009



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