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Species: Monomorium floricola   (Jerdon, 1851) 

Download Data

See Also:

Monomorium floricola furina, Monomorium floricola philippinense, Monomorium floricola philippinensis

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Atta floricola Jerdon, 1851 PDF: 107 (w.) INDIA. Indomalaya. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.); Donisthorpe, 1914a PDF: 136 (gynandromorph); Crawley, 1920d PDF: 217 (gynandromorph); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1955c PDF: 121 (l.).
Combination in Monomorium: Mayr, 1879 PDF: 671.


   Species is introduced to: Afrotropical, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Ghana, Nigeria, Pwani, Tanzania, Togo
Australasia Region: Central, Makira-Ulawa, N Solomons, National Capital, New Britain, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Norfolk Island, Northern, Northern Territory, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, San Cristobal, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, unknown District PNG
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Borneo, Indonesia, Kedah State, Krakatau Islands, Lampung, Malaysia, Nicobar Island, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Philippines, Sabah, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Viet Nam, Vietnam, West Papua
Malagasy Region: Anjouan, Antsiranana, Comoros, Grande Comore, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Majunga, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mohéli, Reunion, Rodrigues, Saint-Denis, Seychelles, Toamasina, Toliara
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Florida, Mississippi
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Anguilla, Aragua, Atlántida, Bahamas, Barbados, Brazil, Canindeyú, Cayman Islands, Chiapas, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Distrito Nacional, Dominican Republic, Duarte, Ecuador, El Salvador, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Granma, Guanacaste, Guantanamo, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Heredia, Holguin, Honduras, Izabal, Jamaica, Martinique, Monseñor Nouel, Panama, Paraguay, Petén, Potaro-Siparuni, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trelawny, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
Oceania Region: Ba, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Gaga'ifomauga, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Lau, Lomaiviti, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Naitaisri, Niue, Niue Is., Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pohnpei, Saipan, Samoa, Tokelau, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna Islands, Yap Group
Palearctic Region: China, Japan, Macaronesia, Netherlands, United Kingdom

Distribution Notes:

Cabo Verde


Natural History:

This species is very common and occurs in and around houses and in low second growth vegetation almost anywhere in the country where ants occur. It nests opportunistically in any small cavity, usually in the low arboreal zone, and may become a house pest. Almost all the nests I have observed have been polygynous, with up to 7 dealate queens.


(Dutch vernacular name: Aziatische faraomier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium floricola   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 134, (download) 134 21280
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1893, Formicides de l'Antille St. Vincent. Récoltées par Mons. H. H. Smith., Transactions of the Entomological Society of London 1893, pp. 333-418: 388-389, (download) 388-389 3948
Monomorium floricola   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 33, (download) 33 21367
Monomorium floricola   Forel, A., 1895, Nouvelles fourmis de diverses provenances, surtout d'Australie., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique 39, pp. 41-49: -1, (download) -1 3954
Monomorium floricola   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 122-125, (download) 122-125 21061

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 27 times found in coastal scrub, 42 times found in tropical moist forest, 21 times found in urban garden, 12 times found in dry forest, 21 times found in urban/garden, 1 times found in port of entry/city, 11 times found in rainforest, 2 times found in La Selva, 9 times found in tropical dry forest, 11 times found in mature wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 66 times ex sifted leaf litter, 43 times ex dead twig above ground, 39 times on low vegetation, 10 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 11 times ground forager(s), 7 times ex rotten log, 5 times ex rot pocket above ground, 1 times unshaded tree, 3 times under tree bark, live tree, 4 times Malaise trap, 1 times dead log, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 57 times MiniWinkler, 16 times search, 1 times hand collection, bait, recruiting to, 4 times 9 MaxiWinks, mixed samples, 9 times Winkler, 9 times aspirating; PB bait, 8 times aspirating; PB & maple syrup bait, 4 times hand collecting, 10 times Malaise, 5 times beating low vegetation, 4 times aspirated, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1980 meters, 154 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium specularis: casent0916008; paralectotype of Momonorium angusticalava: casent0010954; syntype of Monomorium angusticlava: castype06928; syntype of Monomorium floricola furina: casent0908699; syntype of Monomorium floricola philippinensis: casent0908698

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