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Species: Monomorium ebeninum   Forel, 1891 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Monomorium minutum r. ebeninum Forel, 1891c PDF: 165 (in text) (w.) ANTILLES. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1893j PDF: 388 (q.); Forel, 1897b PDF: 300 (m.); Wheeler, 1905c PDF: 88 (q.m.).
Raised to species: Forel, 1913m PDF: 218; DuBois, 1986 PDF: 103.


 Species is native to: Neotropical bioregion (based on species list records).

Nearctic Region: Florida, North America, United States
Neotropical Region: Americas, Atlántida, Bahamas, Barbados, Caribbean, Central America, Chiapas, Chiquimula, Colón, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Estelí, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Guerrero, Haiti, Honduras, Izabal, Jamaica, Managua, Martinique, Mexico, Monseñor Nouel, Nacional, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Panama, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Veracruz, Westmoreland, Yucatán

Distribution Notes:

Mexico south to Costa Rica, many Caribbean islands. Uncertain whether native in Costa Rica.


Natural History:

In Costa Rica this is a moderately common species in disturbed areas in the seasonally dry northwest portion of the country. I have collected it in Santa Rosa National Park, where I observed workers recruiting to a dead grasshopper on an asphalt road. I also have records from Curu on the Nicoya Peninsula and La Pita on the road from the PanAmerican highway to Monteverde. I have never found a nest of the species.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 7 times found in tropical dry forest, 3 times found in disturbed semi-moist woodland, 2 times found in littoral scrub, 1 times found in scrubby 2nd growth, 2 times found in roadside vegetation, 1 times found in secondary broadleaf forest, 3 times found in mature wet forest, 2 times found in Port of entry, 1 times found in tropical dry scrub, 2 times found in dry forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 13 times ex sifted leaf litter, 8 times at bait, 1 times on treetrunk, 3 times beating vegetation, 1 times nest under bark of pine tree, 1 times hollow under limestone rock, 2 times foragers in sand, 1 times Dry forest. Strays from first site., 2 times 3 dog site, 1 times Sweep sample of roadside vegetation., 1 times leaf litter dweller, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 7 times hand collecting, 7 times search, 5 times Winkler, 5 times baiting, 3 times maxiWinkler, 4 times hand collection, 3 times bait, 4 times MiniWinkler, 3 times beating, 0 times At bait, 0 times On tree trunk, ...

Elevations: collected from 2 - 1560 meters, 246 meters average

Type specimens: Lectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908695; paralectotype of Monomorium ebeninum: casent0908696

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