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Species: Hypoponera parva   (Forel, 1909) 

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(Bondroit, 1918)

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Ponera parva Forel, 1909a PDF: 244 (w.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 123.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Bolivia, Brazil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, United States, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Guatemala (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet to moist habitats.


Natural History:

This tiny species, the smallest known to me, occurs in a wide variety of habitats throughout Costa Rica. It is common in the lowland rainforest of La Selva and in the cloud forest of Monteverde. Although common in mature forested habitats, it is not restricted to them; I have collected it in Parque Nacional, a small city park in the middle of San Jose! Workers were in some dead wood at the base of a tree, at the edge of a city sidewalk. The species occurs very often in Winkler samples of leaf litter from the forest floor. I rarely collect it by any other means. I once found a nest under loose bark of dead wood, and I once observed workers emerging from under loose bark to recruit to a dead tabanid.

I have seen an ergatoid male of what I assume to be this species, from La Selva Biological Station. It was an isolated specimen from a soil sample, not associated with workers. I associate it with this species due to its small size.


Forel, A. 1909. Ameisen aus Guatemala usw., Paraguay und Argentinien (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909:239-269.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 206 times found in mature wet forest, 141 times found in montane wet forest, 114 times found in cloud forest, 52 times found in tropical wet forest, 49 times found in tropical rainforest, 40 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 40 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, isolated peak with oak trees, 39 times found in riparian forest, cloud forest along stream, near dairy farm pasture, 2nd growth or disturbed primary, 34 times found in lowland rainforest, 23 times found in wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 882 times ex sifted leaf litter, 55 times Hojarasca, 11 times sifted litter, 3 times leaf litter, 6 times ex sifted litter, 4 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 5 times at bait, 4 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 2 times sifted leaf litter, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter on ground, 2 times Entre trampa M/01 y M/02, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 702 times MiniWinkler, 127 times MaxiWinkler, 87 times Winkler, 60 times Berlese, 62 times Mini Winkler, 7 times search, 5 times baiting, 1 times Malaise, 1 times Night MiniWinkler, 1 times 6L sifted litter, extracted in Winkler sack over 36 hours.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2010 meters, 754 meters average

Type specimens: syntype: jtl021918

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