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Species: Hypoponera parva   (Forel, 1909) 

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(Bondroit, 1918)

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Ponera parva Forel, 1909a PDF: 244 (w.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 123.


Guatemala (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet to moist habitats.


Natural History:

This tiny species, the smallest known to me, occurs in a wide variety of habitats throughout Costa Rica. It is common in the lowland rainforest of La Selva and in the cloud forest of Monteverde. Although common in mature forested habitats, it is not restricted to them; I have collected it in Parque Nacional, a small city park in the middle of San Jose! Workers were in some dead wood at the base of a tree, at the edge of a city sidewalk. The species occurs very often in Winkler samples of leaf litter from the forest floor. I rarely collect it by any other means. I once found a nest under loose bark of dead wood, and I once observed workers emerging from under loose bark to recruit to a dead tabanid.

I have seen an ergatoid male of what I assume to be this species, from La Selva Biological Station. It was an isolated specimen from a soil sample, not associated with workers. I associate it with this species due to its small size.


Forel, A. 1909. Ameisen aus Guatemala usw., Paraguay und Argentinien (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909:239-269.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 203 times found in mature wet forest, 131 times found in montane wet forest, 107 times found in cloud forest, 52 times found in tropical wet forest, 45 times found in tropical rainforest, 40 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 30 times found in tropical moist forest, 29 times found in mesophyll forest, 26 times found in rainforest, 20 times found in wet forest, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods or in the following microhabitats: 531 times MiniWinkler, 77 times Winkler, 90 times MaxiWinkler, 57 times Berlese, 61 times Mini Winkler, 5 times search, 4 times baiting, 1 times Malaise, 1 times Night MiniWinkler

Elevations: collected from 10 - 1625 meters, 678 meters average

Type specimens: syntype: jtl021918

(-1 examples)

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