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Species: Hypoponera parva   (Forel, 1909) 

Classification:
Download Data

Hononyms:

(Bondroit, 1918)

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Ponera parva Forel, 1909a PDF: 244 (w.) GUATEMALA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 123.

Distribution:


Nearctic Region: Texas
Neotropical Region: Costa Rica, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama, Venezuela

Distribution Notes:

Guatemala (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet to moist habitats.

Biology:

Natural History:

This tiny species, the smallest known to me, occurs in a wide variety of habitats throughout Costa Rica. It is common in the lowland rainforest of La Selva and in the cloud forest of Monteverde. Although common in mature forested habitats, it is not restricted to them; I have collected it in Parque Nacional, a small city park in the middle of San Jose! Workers were in some dead wood at the base of a tree, at the edge of a city sidewalk. The species occurs very often in Winkler samples of leaf litter from the forest floor. I rarely collect it by any other means. I once found a nest under loose bark of dead wood, and I once observed workers emerging from under loose bark to recruit to a dead tabanid.

I have seen an ergatoid male of what I assume to be this species, from La Selva Biological Station. It was an isolated specimen from a soil sample, not associated with workers. I associate it with this species due to its small size.

References:

Forel, A. 1909. Ameisen aus Guatemala usw., Paraguay und Argentinien (Hym.). Dtsch. Entomol. Z. 1909:239-269.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 203 times found in mature wet forest, 133 times found in montane wet forest, 114 times found in cloud forest, 52 times found in tropical wet forest, 45 times found in tropical rainforest, 40 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 40 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, isolated peak with oak trees, 39 times found in riparian forest, cloud forest along stream, near dairy farm pasture, 2nd growth or disturbed primary, 30 times found in tropical moist forest, 29 times found in mesophyll forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 844 times ex sifted leaf litter, 53 times Hojarasca, 11 times sifted litter, 5 times Wet forest. Ex sifted leaf litter., 5 times at bait, 4 times ex sifted litter, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter on ground, 3 times sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood), 2 times sifted leaf litter, 2 times Entre trampa M/01 y M/02, 3 times Cerca M/01, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 685 times MiniWinkler, 113 times MaxiWinkler, 82 times Winkler, 57 times Berlese, 61 times Mini Winkler, 7 times search, 5 times baiting, 1 times Malaise, 1 times Night MiniWinkler.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2010 meters, 758 meters average

Type specimens: syntype: jtl021918



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