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Species: Hypoponera nitidula   (Emery, 1890) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Ponera nitidula Emery, 1890c: 43 (w.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Also described as new by Emery, 1894l PDF: 49.].
Combination in Hypoponera: Kempf, 1972b PDF: 123.


Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Atlántida, Belize, Boaco, Cartago, Cayo, Chiapas, Chontales, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Gracias a Dios, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Heredia, Honduras, Izabal, Jinotega, Limón, Matagalpa, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Ocotopeque, Olancho, Petén, Puntarenas, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, Retalhuleu, Suchitepéquez, Veracruz, Zacapa

Distribution Notes:

Mexico, Honduras, Costa Rica (type locality). Costa Rica: throughout the country in wet forest habitats, low and middle elevations. Hitoy Cerere Biological Reserve, La Selva Biological Station and northern slope Volcan Barba to 1100m, Turrialba, Penas Blancas, Pitilla in Guanacaste Conservation Area, Carara, Wilson Botanical Garden. Unknown from the Osa Peninsula and vicinity.


Natural History:

This species occurs in mature wet forest habitats, and inhabits leaf litter on the forest floor. I most often collect it in Winkler samples of sifted litter.


Emery, C. 1890. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. I-V. Bullettino della Societa Entomologica Italiana 22:38-80.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 291 times found in mature wet forest, 272 times found in montane wet forest, 114 times found in lowland rainforest, 108 times found in tropical moist forest, 86 times found in 2ndary liquidambar forest, 81 times found in tropical rainforest, 79 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 71 times found in mesophyll forest, 63 times found in mesophil forest, 55 times found in tropical wet forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1245 times ex sifted leaf litter, 137 times Hojarasca, 129 times at bait, 68 times sifted litter, 6 times foragers at cookie bait, 4 times Sobre Vegetacion, 5 times forest litter, 2 times strays, 4 times Camino toma de Agua, 3 times Cerca del Refugio Cascante, 2 times rotten wood, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1043 times MiniWinkler, 142 times Winkler, 138 times MaxiWinkler, 132 times Mini Winkler, 128 times Baiting, 53 times Berlese, 9 times hand collecting, 11 times search, 8 times Search & Berles, 9 times Night MiniWinkler, 3 times Sweeping, ...

Elevations: collected from 20 - 1800 meters, 586 meters average

Type specimens:

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