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Species: Gnamptogenys striatula   Mayr, 1884 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Gnamptogenys striatula Mayr, 1884 PDF: 32 (w.) FRENCH GUIANA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Mayr, 1887 PDF: 542 (q.m.); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 26 (q.m.); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1952a PDF: 123 (l.).
Combination in Ectatomma (Holcoponera): Mayr, 1887 PDF: 541; in Holcoponera: Emery, 1911e PDF: 40; in Gnamptogenys: Brown, 1958g PDF: 229.
Senior synonym of Gnamptogenys obscurum: Santschi, 1929h PDF: 442; of Gnamptogenys antillana: Brown, 1956b PDF: 490.
of Gnamptogenys angustiloba (and its junior synonym Gnamptogenys vollenweideri), Gnamptogenys angustipleura, Gnamptogenys brasiliensis, Gnamptogenys calcarata, Gnamptogenys paulina, Gnamptogenys pernambucana, and material of the unavailable name Gnamptogenys hybrida referred here: Brown, 1958g PDF: 229; of Gnamptogenys arcuata, Gnamptogenys curtulum (and its junior synonym Gnamptogenys stolli), Gnamptogenys recta, Gnamptogenys rustica, Gnamptogenys simplicoides, Gnamptogenys wasmanni (and its junior synonym Gnamptogenys isthmica), Gnamptogenys wheeleri (and its junior synonym Gnamptogenys mayri): Lattke, 1995 PDF: 186.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Amambay, Cordillera


J. Longino, 18 Aug 2014: Regarding Gnamptogenys wheeleri, I now have two collections from Costa Rica and one from Tambopata, Peru, that look identical and have a distinctively depressed dorsal face of the propodeum. Santschi (1929) observed this distinctive morphology and it is illustrated in his Figure 18. He associated the taxa G. rustica, wheeleri, and brasiliensis mayri with this feature, all new taxa described in his revision of Holcoponera. Brown (1958) left rustica and wheeleri as valid species but synonymized mayri under wheeleri, with no discussion. The type locality is Costa Rica for both wheeleri and mayri, and the images of types of both on AntWeb show the distinctive character, so this synonymy is probably solid. Lattke (1995) synonymized them all under striatula.

Gnamptogenys striatula and the form with the depressed propodeum are sympatric in Costa Rica and have different habitat preferences. The former is found in open, disturbed areas, and the latter is a mature forest species. Also, wheeleri has a square-cut anteroventral petiolar process, while the Costa Rican version of striatula has a rounded process without a posterior angle. I consider G. wheeleri a valid species and use this name to refer to this form. With my current knowledge, it occurs at least in Costa Rica and Peru. The relationship to G. rustica, from Paraguay, is unknown. Also, among the South American specimens associated with striatula there is a welter of variation in propodeal shape and the form of the ventral petiolar process. The group is clearly in need of more work in South America.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Gnamptogenys striatula n. sp.  Radoszkowsky, O., 1884, Fourmis de Cayenne Française., Trudy Russkago Entomologicheskago Obshchestva 18, pp. 30-39: 32-33, (download) 32-33 1929
Gnamptogenys striatula   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 27, (download) 27 21367

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 0 times found in Semideciduous seasonal forest, 8 times found in 2º tropical rainforest, 5 times found in garden, 1 times found in lowland rainforest, 2 times found in tropical dry forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth riparian forest, 2 times found in montane forest, 3 times found in dry forest, 1 times found in roadside, 1 times found in grassy lawn, wet forest area, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 27 times ex sifted leaf litter, 3 times strays, 1 times nest in dead wood on forest floor, 1 times under tree bark, 1 times nest under dead wood, 1 times nest in clasping petiole Diffenbachia, 1 times at bait, 1 times under stone, 1 times on porch, 1 times on orchids, 1 times ground forager(s), ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 11 times Winkler, 12 times MiniWinkler, 6 times search, 0 times Berlesate of colonized litter bags (previously sterilized), 0 times under rock, 0 times Litter extracted in Berlese funnels, 0 times Under boulder, 1 times Maxi Winkler, 1 times direct collection, 1 times Ex rotten log, 0 times Hypogaeic pitfall, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 1340 meters, 341 meters average

Type specimens: syntype of Ectatomma curtula paulina: casent0907169; syntype of Ectatomma curtulum stolli: casent0907168; syntype of Ectatomma striatulum angustipleura: casent0907175; syntype of Ectatomma striatulum simplicoides: casent0907176; syntype of Ectatomma striatulum angustiloba: casent0907174; syntype of Ectatomma curtulum: casent0903839; syntype of Ectatomma obscurum: casent0903834; syntype of Gnamptogenys striatula: casent0900551, casent0915917; syntype of Holcoponera brasiliensis calcarata: casent0915123; syntype of Holcoponera brasiliensis mayri: casent0915130, casent0915921; syntype of Holcoponera brasiliensis pernambucana: casent0915125; syntype of Holcoponera brasiliensis simplicoides hybrida: casent0915124; syntype of Holcoponera emeryi recta: casent0915120; syntype of Holcoponera regularis: casent0915111; syntype of Holcoponera regularis arcuata: casent0915110; syntype of Holcoponera rustica: casent0915121; syntype of Holcoponera rustica wheeleri: casent0915129; syntype of Holcoponera striatula antillana: casent0915122; syntype of Holcoponera wasmanni isthmica: casent0915128; syntype of Holcoponera brasiliensis: casent0903837; syntype of Holcoponera curtula vollenweideri: casent0907170; type of Ectatomma striatulum: focol0866; type of Gnamptogenys striatula: focol2916, focol2917

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