To cite this page, please use the following:
· For print: . Accessed
· For web:
|Combination in Pachycondyla (Pseudoponera): Emery, 1901b PDF: 46; in Euponera (Trachymesopus): Emery, 1911e PDF: 86; in Trachymesopus: Kempf, 1960f: 424; in Cryptopone: Brown, 1963: 3; in Pachycondyla: MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 352.|
Specimens are occasionally taken in samples of sifted leaf litter (Winkler samples).
Brown, W. L., Jr. 1963. Characters and synonymies amoung the genera of ants. Part III. Some members of the tribe Ponerini (Ponerinae, Formicidae). Breviora 190:1-10.
Forel, A. 1899. Formicidae. Biol. Cent.-Am. Hym. 3:1-160.
Kempf, W. W. 1972. Catalogo abreviado das formigas da Regiao Neotropical. Studia Entomol. 15:3-344.
Menozzi, C. 1931. Qualche nuova Formica di Costa Rica (Hym.). Stettiner Entomologische Zeitung 92:188-202.
Roger, J. 1863. Die neu aufgefuehrten Gattungen und Arten meines Formiciden-Verzeichnisses nebst Erganzung einiger frueher gegebenen Beschreibungen. Berl. Entomol. Z. 7:131-214.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in soil in hollow at base of Magnolia grandifolia, 8 times found in montane wet forest, 11 times found in deciduous forest, 6 times found in deciduous forest, soil and leaf litter, 5 times found in floodplain forest, 5 times found in in hollow tree in mixed forest, 4 times found in foraging on hand rail beside large Oak, 4 times found in on ground in mixed forest, 3 times found in recently burned mature pine forest, 2 times found in in and near mixed pine-hardwood forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 11 times litter, 6 times soil and leaf litter, 6 times soil, 4 times rotten wood, 1 times under moss mat, 1 times swampy riparian woodland; under loose bark of fallen log., 2 times nest in rotten wood, 3 times ex rotten log, 1 times under bark, 2 times ex Berlese, 1 times under bark of stump, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 23 times Berlese funnel, 8 times hand collecting, 12 times general collecting, 4 times Berlese, 1 times malaise trap, 1 times hand coll..
Elevations: collected from 20 - 1950 meters, 1018 meters average