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Species: Crematogaster flavomicrops   Longino, 2003 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Crematogaster flavomicrops Longino, 2003A PDF: 68 (w.q.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Amazonas, Americas, Atlántida, Bolívar, Brazil, Cauca, Central America, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Gracias a Dios, Heredia, Honduras, Jinotega, Limón, Matagalpa, Napo, Nicaragua, Orellana, Panama, Puntarenas, South America, Valle del Cauca, Venezuela

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Brazil (Amazonas).

Biology:

Natural History:

Crematogaster flavomicrops occurs in lowland to mid-montane wet forest habitats. It is not common, and is most often encountered in Berlese samples or Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor. It has been twice collected in rotten wood on Isla Gorgona in Colombia (M. Baena, pers. comm.).

Notes:

The combination of yellow coloration and very small eyes uniquely identify this species. Also, the dorsal pilosity is abundant and somewhat short and stubble-like. Similar species are minutissima and wardi, which have larger eyes and sparser, longer, more flexuous dorsal setae. It is also similar to cubaensis (a Cuban endemic), which has similarly abundant short pilosity but larger eyes.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150

Crematogaster flavomicropsHNS NEW SPECIES

Holotype worker

Costa Rica, Prov. Heredia GoogleMaps, La Selva Biological Station GoogleMaps, 10°26'N, 84°01'W, 50m GoogleMaps, 15 Jul 1986 (Longino, collection code JTL1386-s) [INBC, specimen code LACM ENT 144384].

Paratypes

Four workers, same locality as holotype, 10 May 1974 (Talbot and VanDevender) [LACM, specimen code LACM ENT 144385] GoogleMaps; one worker, same locality, 1 Jul 1993 (INBio-OET, Project ALAS collection code B/02/139) [BMNH, specimen code INBIOCRI001233311] GoogleMaps; one worker, same locality, 1 Mar 1994 (INBio-OET, Project ALAS collection code B/12/419) [UCDC, specimen code INBIOCRI001242455] GoogleMaps; same data [MCZC, specimen code INBIOCRI001242451] GoogleMaps; same data [USNM, specimen code INBIOCRI001242452] GoogleMaps; same data [MHNG, specimen code INBIOCRI001242453] GoogleMaps; same data [NHMB, specimen code INBIOCRI001242454] GoogleMaps.

CrematogasterHNS JTL-011: Longino et al. 2002.

Range

Costa Rica, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Brazil (Amazonas).

Description of worker

Color yellow orange; workers monomorphic in size.

Mandibles feebly striate on proximal half, smooth and shining with large piligerous puncta on distal half; clypeus with two longitudinal carinulae at anterior margin, anterior margin gently convex to straight; head slightly longer than wide, subquadrate, with flat posterior border; antenna with terminal two segments enlarged to form a club; scapes with abundant suberect flexuous setae; when scapes laid back from antennal insertions, they barely surpass margin of vertex; face smooth and shining; face covered with abundant, short, moderately stiffened, amber setae, no appressed pubescence; in face view short setae project from lateral and posterior margins; eye small, 5-6 ommatidia across long axis.

Promesonotum in lateral profile short, convex, forming an evenly curved arch; propodeal suture deep in dorsal view but partially obscured in profile by lateral carinulae that bridge the suture; propodeum with short, differentiated dorsal face and longer posterior face; propodeal spines short, spiniform, upturned; pronotal dorsum largely smooth and shining, with traces of longitudinal carinulae laterally; mesonotum with lateral carinae that converge toward propodeal suture; medial mesonotum concave, smooth and shining; dorsal face of propodeum feebly rugulose, posterior face smooth and shining; side of pronotum smooth and shining; katepisternum and side of propodeum shining, largely smooth with traces of feeble carinulae; mesosomal setae somewhat stiffened, abundant, forming a stubble over promesonotum and propodeal dorsum, variable length, humeral seta 0.14mm; tibiae with abundant short subdecumbent to erect setae, none longer than maximum tibial width.

Petiole in side view trapezoidal, faintly microareolate; anteroventral tooth small, rounded to subacute; dorsal face of petiole smooth and shining, subquadrate, about as wide as long, with a pair of setae on each posterolateral tubercle; postpetiole without anteroventral tooth, postpetiole in dorsal view globular, wider than long, with 6-8 setae; fourth abdominal tergite smooth and shining, with abundant medium-length suberect somewhat stiffened amber setae, no appressed pubescence.

Variation

Specimens from San Vito area in the southern mountains of Costa Rica are more robust, with the posterior face of propodeum partially punctate. In South America, there is a tendency for the lateral carinulae of mesonotum to form angle or tuberculate juncture dividing dorsal and posterior faces. In Venezuela, Brazil, and Ecuador the propodeal spines are less upturned. In Venezuela and Brazil the dorsal pilosity of the mesosoma is less dense, approaching the condition seen in minutissimaHNS. A collection from Venezuela has a very small alate queen, like minutissimaHNS, while a collection from Colombia has very large alate queens. This parallels variation in queen size seen in the minutissimaHNS complex in North America, and it remains to be seen whether this is inter versus intraspecific variation. The relatively small worker eye is a consistent character uniting these specimens.

Measurements

Holotype: HL 0.462, HW 0.464, HC 0.441, SL 0.350, EL 0.095, WL 0.472, SPL 0.110, PTH 0.123, PTL 0.154, PTW 0.137, PPL 0.111, PPW 0.148, CI 100, OI 21, SI 76, PTHI 80, PTWI 89, PPI 133, SPI 23.

Other specimens: HL 0.479, 0.583, 0.610; HW 0.488, 0.583, 0.613; HC 0.466, 0.545, 0.585; SL 0.359, 0.480, 0.460; EL 0.107, 0.111, 0.123; A11L 0.206; A11W 0.090; A10L 0.090; A10W 0.080; A09L 0.039; A09W 0.055; A08L 0.031; A08W 0.046; WL 0.523, 0.621, 0.642; SPL 0.110, 0.085, 0.121; PTH 0.125, 0.144, 0.155; PTL 0.160, 0.174, 0.194; PTW 0.149, 0.173, 0.185; PPL 0.121, 0.149, 0.149; PPW 0.163, 0.184, 0.180; CI 102, 100, 100; OI 22, 19, 20; SI 75, 82, 75; PTHI 78, 83, 80; PTWI 93, 99, 95; PPI 135, 123, 121; SPI 21, 14, 19; ACI 1.85.

Queen

A normal queen (dorsal face of propodeum drops steeply from postscutellum and much of propodeum appears ventral to scutellum and postscutellum, Fig. 1) with general shape, sculpture, and pilosity characters of the worker; size characters as in Figures 4-5.

Etymology

This species is named for its yellow coloration and small eyes.

Biology

Crematogaster flavomicropsHNS occurs in lowland to mid-montane wet forest habitats. It is not common, and is most often encountered in Berlese samples or Winkler samples of sifted leaf litter from the forest floor. It has been twice collected in rotten wood on Isla Gorgona in Colombia (M. Baena, pers. comm.).

Comments

The combination of yellow coloration and very small eyes uniquely identify this species. Also, the dorsal pilosity is abundant and somewhat short and stubble-like. Similar species are minutissimaHNS and wardiHNS, which have larger eyes and sparser, longer, more flexuous dorsal setae. It is also similar to cubaensisHNS (a Cuban endemic), which has similarly abundant short pilosity but larger eyes.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 21 times found in montane wet forest, 13 times found in mature wet forest, 7 times found in tropical rainforest, 10 times found in lowland rainforest, 4 times found in tropical wet forest, 2 times found in rainforest, 3 times found in ridgetop cloud forest, 4 times found in tropical rainforest, with big trees, probably primary, 4 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in wet montane forest, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 55 times ex sifted leaf litter, 2 times at bait, 1 times sifted litter (leaf mould, rotten wood), 2 times in rotten log, 1 times sifted litter, 1 times at tuna bait, 1 times leaf litter Berlese.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 41 times MiniWinkler, 4 times Berlese, 10 times MaxiWinkler, 6 times Winkler, 7 times Mini Winkler, 2 times Baiting, 2 times Canopy Fogging, 1 times Unknown, 1 times bait, 1 times at bait.

Elevations: collected from 40 - 1220 meters, 491 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype flavomicrops: lacm-ent-144384; Paratype flavomicrops: lacment144385, inbiocri001242451, inbiocri001242452, inbiocri001242453, inbiocri001242454, inbiocri001242455; paratype of Crematogaster flavomicrops: inbiocri001233311



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