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Species: Cephalotes multispinosus   (Norton, 1868) 


Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Cryptocerus multispinosus Norton, 1868a PDF: 72, pl. 2, fig. 11 (s.w.) MEXICO. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Distribution:


Neotropical Region: Americas, Atlántida, Central America, Costa Rica, Escuintla, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Heredia, Honduras, Matagalpa, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puntarenas, Suchitepéquez

Distribution Notes:

Mexico, Costa Rica, Panama (Andrade and Baroni Urbani 1999, Hunt 1983). Costa Rica: common throughout the lowlands, both dry and wet forest habitats, but as yet unknown from the Osa Peninsula. One old record from Alajuela.

Biology:

Natural History:

This species can be found in wet forest and dry forest habitats. Workers can be found commonly in recent treefalls. It seems to nest exclusively in live stems, and also occurs as an opportunistic inhabitant of ant-plants. I have found nests in the canopies of Licania sp., Hieronyma oblonga, and Coussapoa; in domatia of Cordia alliodora; and in Cecropia saplings. Coccoidea may occur inside the nests.

Norton (1868) wrote

This is the most common species of Cryptocerus [=Cephalotes] in the environs of Cordova, where it lives in the trunk of certain trees, especially those of Croton sanguiferum, Cedrela odorata, Spondias chilias. These ants show little vivacity, remaining stationary a good part of the day at the entrance of the holes which conduct to their nest. In the middle of the day one sees them running about fallen trunks, without apparent order or aim. When one attempts to seize them, they elevate the abdomen while running, after the manner ascribed to another kind of ant, the Crematogaster montezumia.

References:

Andrade, M. L. de, and C. Baroni Urbani. 1999. Diversity and adaptation in the ant genus Cephalotes, past and present (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Stuttgarter Beitrage zur Naturkunde Serie B (Geologie und Palaontologie) 271:1-889.

Emery, C. 1890. Studii sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. Bull. Soc. Entomol. Ital. 22:38-80.

Hunt, J. H. 1983. Foraging and morphology in ants: the role of vertebrate predators as agents of natural selection. pp 83-104 in P. Jaisson (ed.), Social insects in the tropics. Univ. Paris.

Kempf, W. W. 1951. A taxonomic study on the ant tribe Cephalotini (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Rev. Entomol. (Rio J.) 22:1-244.

Norton, E. 1868. Notes on Mexican ants. Am. Nat. 2:57-72.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 10 times found in montane wet forest, 1 times found in 2nd growth wet forest, 1 times found in La Selva, 2 times found in wet forest, 1 times found in LOC, 1 times found in roadside vegetation, 2 times found in dry forest, 2 times found in tropical dry forest, 2 times found in lowland rainforest, 1 times found in primary wet forest edge, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 1 times ex live stems Cordia alliodora, 1 times mature forest, 1 times ex Cecropia sapling, 1 times Roadside veg., strays from treetrunks., 1 times nest in live stem, 1 times ex Cordia alliodora, 1 times Cordia alliodora, 1 times Copa de arbol, 1 times beating vegetation, 1 times Wet forest; strays collected around tree base in center of Atta colombica nest i, 1 times these ants collected by Henry Hespenheide around Jack Ewel's Huertos project pl, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times Search, 6 times Foggin, 4 times Malaise, 1 times Beating, 1 times Fogging, 1 times MiniWinkler, 1 times Sweeping.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 762 meters, 283 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Cryptocerus gibbosus: casent0900241; syntype of Cephalotes multispinosus: casent0904901, casent0904902



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