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Peru (type locality), Costa Rica. Costa Rica: common in mid to upper elevation wet forest in Cordillera Volcanica Central northward through Cordillera de Tilaran and Cordillera de Guanacaste; also known from Cerro Rincon on the Osa Peninsula, but so far not collected from Cordillera de Talamanca; on Atlantic slope known to be a rare element of the fauna at La Selva Biological Station at 50m elevation, becoming much more common in Braulio Carrillo National Park, above 500m elevation.
This is a very common species in mid to upper elevation wet forests. I have collected it dozens of times as foragers on low vegetation and as an opportunistic cavity nester. I often find nests in dead branches, dead wood, and very frequently in chambers under epiphyte mats. The species can occur both in second growth vegetation and in the canopy of trees in primary forest. It seems to prefer well-insolated portions of the habitat, and is rare in the shaded understory. Unlike Camponotus JTL-016, I have never found this species nesting in live stems. For example, I have never found it in Cecropia internodes, in spite of extensive survey work. Nests are often small, usually no more than a few dozen workers, but colonies may be polydomous and thus it is difficult to say how large colonies can get.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 97 times found in montane wet forest, 45 times found in cloud forest edge, 36 times found in primary cloud forest, 9 times found in cloud forest, 4 times found in mesophyll forest, 4 times found in cloud forest, old second growth forest, 1 times found in CCL 400M, 4 times found in wet forest, 3 times found in moist forest edge, 2 times found in CC 1250, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 45 times ex relict tree in pasture, 39 times ex canopy tree, 14 times beating vegetation, 15 times Sobre Vegetacion, 9 times beating veg., 2 times arbol caido, 3 times treefall at Carlos and Liddys' house, strangler Ficus with attached Clusia, othe, 1 times nest in Sabal rachis, 1 times cloud forest, 3 times copa de árbol, 1 times nest in epiphytes, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 97 times Fogging, 52 times Malaise, 32 times search, 23 times Beating, 18 times Foggin, 15 times Sweeping, 2 times flight intercept trap, 2 times miniWinkler, 1 times Baiting, 1 times Winkler, 1 times maxiWinkler, ...
Elevations: collected from 50 - 1960 meters, 1155 meters average
Type specimens: Lectotype of Camponotus cuneidorsus: casent0905519