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Genus: Tetraponera   Smith, 1852 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 95 species, 19 subspecies

Fossil: 7 species

Tetraponera Smith, 1852: 44 . Type-species: Tetraponera atrata (junior synonym of Eciton nigrum), by subsequent designation of Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 173. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Tetraponera in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1877b PDF: 68.
Tetraponera in Myrmicinae, Pseudomyrmini: Forel, 1917 PDF: 240; Emery, 1921c: 24.
Tetraponera in Pseudomyrminae: Wheeler, 1922: 654; subsequent authors to the following.
Tetraponera in Pseudomyrmecinae: Taylor & Brown, 1985: 17; all subsequent authors.
Tetraponera as junior synonym of Pseudomyrma: Roger, 1863b: 24; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 451.
Tetraponera as junior synonym of Sima: Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 53; Bingham, 1903 PDF: 107; Emery, 1917a PDF: 95.
Genus Tetraponera references
Mayr, 1863a PDF: 453 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 25 (Sima diagnosis); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 82 (Sima diagnosis); Mayr, 1868c PDF: 101 (*Baltic Amber species key); Smith, 1877b PDF: 68 (checklist); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 53 (catalogue); Emery, 1900: 17 (Asia & Australia species key); Forel, 1903a PDF: 708 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 107 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 173 (Sima diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1921c: 21 (Sima diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1921c: 22 (Tetraponera (Pachysima) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1921c: 24 (Tetraponera (Tetraponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 112 (Pachysima species key); Wheeler, 1922: 104, 107, 112 (Tetraponera, Viticicola, Pachysima diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 795, 801 (Afrotropical Tetraponera, Viticicola, Pachysima catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1014 (Malagasy catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 17 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 79 (Australia checklist); Wu & Wang, 1990 PDF: 516 (China species key); Dlussky & Radchenko, 1990: 120 (Vietnam species key); Ward, 1990 PDF: 470 (diagnosis, review of genus, phylogeny); Bolton, 1994: 184 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 416 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 55 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 312 (Saudi Arabia species key); Shattuck, 1999: 208 (Australia synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 64 (China, Guangxi species key); Ward, 2001 PDF: 596 (Oriental & Australian, all species, revision, key); Xu & Chai, 2004 PDF: 64 (China species key); Ward, 2006 PDF: 120 (Afrotropical species groups key); Ward, 2006 PDF: 123 (Tetraponera ambigua group, key); Ward, 2009A PDF: 288 (Tetraponera grandidieri group, key); Dlussky, 2009 PDF: 1084 (Eocene amber species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 128 (Taiwan species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2014 PDF: 46 (India species key)

Taxon Page Images:



Tetraponera clypeata nest inside the hollow thorn of an Acacia tree. The elongate form of these ants allows them to maneuver in such cramped quarters. St. Lucia, KZN, South Africa.
Image © Alex Wild.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-26 07:20:09 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-26 07:19:45 Zach Lieberman modified Images

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