Current View: Bolton World Catalog
Change View
Cite this page

Citing AntWeb

X

To cite this page, please use the following:

· For print: . Accessed

· For web:


Genus: Myrmica   Latreille, 1804 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 188 species, 1 subspecies

Fossil: 11 species

Myrmica Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica rubra, by subsequent designation of Latreille, 1810: 437; see also Yarrow, 1955c PDF: 113. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmica in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 114.
Myrmica in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b PDF: 324; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 260.
Myrmica in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 396 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1857a PDF: 70 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 62 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 460 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 108.
Genus Myrmica references
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 396, 397 (diagnosis, Austria species key); Smith, 1858a PDF: 114 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861 PDF: 62 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863b: 28 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 429 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874 PDF: 75 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883a: 315 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 260 (U.S.A. catalogue); Provancher, 1887: 246 (Canada species key); Nasonov, 1889: 71 (Russia species key); Lameere, 1892: 68 (Belgium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 108 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 696 (India species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 267 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 652 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 15 (Luxemburg species key); Emery, 1908a PDF: 165 (Palaearctic species key); Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 493 (Belgium species key); Stitz, 1914: 70 (Central Europe species key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 110 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 121 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916r: 581 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 98 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1921c: 36 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 117 (Sifolinia diagnosis, catalogue); Finzi, 1926 PDF: 77 (diagnosis, European species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e PDF: 190 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 258 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 118 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1933a: 599 (Russia species key); Arnol'di, 1934 PDF: 151 (former European U.S.S.R. species, biometrics); Karavaiev, 1934: 63 (Ukraine species key); Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 293 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939: 74 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b: 75 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 75 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942 PDF: 367 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943c: 168 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944a: 199 (Norway species key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 281 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 175 (Belgium species key); Weber, 1947b PDF: 444 (North America species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 92 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 124 (Asia checklist); Sadil, 1952 PDF: 264 (Czechia & Slovakia species key); Collingwood, 1958d PDF: 65 (Britain species key); Boven, 1959: 7 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963: 290 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 96 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964b PDF: 101 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 107 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (Sifolinia diagnosis); Boven, 1970b: 16 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1832 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Kutter, 1973d PDF: 253 (morphology, satellite genera, Sifolinia, Sommimyrma, Symbiomyrma, key to first); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1976a PDF: 554 (central Asia & Kazakhstan species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 20 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977 PDF: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977c: 43 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 78 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 41 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979: 1347, 1351 (North America Myrmica, Paramyrmica catalogues); Francoeur, 1981c PDF: 755 (Myrmica lampra group); Allred, 1982: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 294 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 22 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Kupyanskaya, 1986a PDF: 83 (Far Eastern Russia Myrmica lobicornis group, key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 62 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 267 (Balkans species key); Seifert, 1988b: 43 (Europe, Asia Minor & Caucasus species key); Bolton, 1988a PDF: 3 (diagnosis, review of genus, venation); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990 PDF: 181 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 92 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 8 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 80 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 20 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 105 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994d PDF: 130 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Douwes, 1995: 86 (Sweden species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 337 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 277 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 91 (China species key); Seifert, 1996B: 140 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 45 (Britain species key); Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowsa, 1997: 481 (Poland species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 12 (Portugal species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 1998 PDF: 3 (Myrmica ritae group, key); Elmes & Radchenko, 1998 PDF: 218 (Taiwan species key); Wei, Zhou, He & Liu, 2001 PDF: 561 (China species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2001: 262 (Himalaya species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002 PDF: 141 (Poland species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2003A PDF: 239 (Palaearctic socially parasitic species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 133 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 192 (North Korea species key); Radchenko, Elmes & Bui, 2006 PDF: 43 (Vietnam species key); Radchenko, Elmes & Alicata, 2006 PDF: 531 (Palaearctic Myrmica schencki group key); Seifert, 2007: 131 (North and Central Europe species key); Francoeur, 2007 PDF: 156 (Myrmica punctiventris group key); Radchenko, Dlussky & Elmes, 2007 PDF: 1497 (late Eocene amber species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 160 (Taiwan species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2009A PDF: 85 (Myrmica pachei group key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2010 PDF: 713 (Palaearctic, Oriental, all species revision, keys); Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 357 (Poland species key); Czekes, Radchenko, Csosz, Szász-Len, Tăuşan, Benedek & Markó, 2013 PDF (Romania species key); Bharti & Sharma, 2013 PDF (inezae-group species key); Chen, Zhou & Huang, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.551.6005 PDF (China species key and checklist, old world Myrmica pachei-group species key); Bharti, Radchenko & Sasi, 2016 10.3897/zookeys.605.9087 PDF: 113 (socially-parasitic Himalayan species key); Cantone, 2017: 216 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Myrmica sp. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   Genus is native to: Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Africa
Indomalaya Region: Arunachal Pradesh, Asia, Bhutan, Borneo, Chiang Mai, Dhawalāgiri, Gandakī, Guangxi, India, Indonesia, Kosī, Lào Cai, Madhya Pradesh, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Bengal, Yunnan
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, British Columbia, California, Canada, Colorado, Durango, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North America, North Carolina, North Dakota, Northwest Territories, Nova Scotia, Nuevo León, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Quebec, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Neotropical Region: Americas, Brazil, Central America, Ecuador, Mexico, Morelos, Oaxaca, South America, Veracruz
Palearctic Region: Aargau, Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Altay, Andalusia, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands, Basel-Landschaft, Belarus, Belgium, Blagoevgrad, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Brussels Capital, Bulgaria, Cantabria, Catalonia, Central Asia, Channel Islands, Chelyabin, China, Corsica, Crimea, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dobrich, East Flanders, Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, England, Estonia, Europe, Finland, Flemish Brabant, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Grad Zagreb, Greece, Hainaut, Himachal Pradesh, Hokkaido, Hovedstaden, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jammu and Kashmir, Japan, Jeonnam, Jersey, Karachayevo-Cherkesiya, Kazakhstan, Kentrikí Makedonía, Kherson, Kyrgyzstan, Kyustendil, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Liguria, Limburg, Lithuania, Lombardia, Luxembourg, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Madrid, Midtjylland, Moldova, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Moskva, Murcia, Murman, Māzandarān, Namur, Netherlands, Nordjylland, North Korea, Northern Africa, Northern Europe, Norway, Occitanie, Peloponnísos, Piemonte, Poland, Portugal, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, Qostanay, Rogaland, Romania, Rostov, Russia, Ryanggang, Scotland, Serbia, Sichuan, Sicilia, Sjælland, Skåne, Slovakia, Slovenia, Smolyan, Sofia, South Korea, Southern Europe, Southwest Finland, Spain, Steiermark, Sweden, Switzerland, Syddanmark, Tajikistan, Tibet, Toscana, Trentino-Alto Adige, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Tyumen, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Valais, Vidin, Västra Götaland, Walloon Brabant, West Flanders, Western Asia, Western Europe, Yamanashi, Zabaykal'skiy, Zanjān, Zurich, Ústecký

Comments:

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Myrmica   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 21, (download) 21 23462
Myrmica   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 5, (download) 5 8200
Myrmica   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 113, (download) 113 4764
Myrmica   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher, pp. -1--1: 48, (download) 48 8138
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 34-35, (download) 34-35 21008
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226, (download) 226 3875
Myrmica   Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944: 925-926, (download) 925-926 4277
Myrmica   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 40-48, (download) 40-48 6175
Myrmica   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 114, (download) 114 8127
Myrmica   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


See something amiss? Send us an email.
Enlarge Map