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Genus: Temnothorax   Mayr, 1861 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 407 valid species, 42 valid subspecies

Fossil: 7 valid species

Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68. Type-species: Myrmica recedens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Temnothorax in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Temnothorax in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 21 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 459 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 122.
Temnothorax as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Forel, 1890b PDF: lxxii; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 96; Brown, 1973b PDF: 185 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1994: 105.
Genus Temnothorax references
See under Leptothorax for pre-2003 references. Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270 (genus diagnosis). Radchenko, 2004 PDF; 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 193 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 120 (North and Central Europe species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 181 (Taiwan species key); Zhou, et al. 2010: 9 (China species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 366 (Poland species key); Bharti, Gul & Schulz, 2012: 334 (India species key); Snelling et al., 2014 PDF: 80 (California species key);Salata & Borowiec, 2015 PDF: 129 (eastern Mediterranean species key); Bharti et al., 2016 10.13102/sociobioloby.v63i2.869 PDF: 748 (Indian species key); Csosz et al., 2015 10.1371/journal.pone.0140000 PDF: 1 (nylanderi-group key, taxonomic synopsis); Galkowski & Lebas, 2016 PDF: 80 (black species key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.5852/ejt.2017.280 PDF: 1 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Radchenko et al., 2015 PDF 161 (Caucasian species); Catarineu et al., 2017 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1274 PDF: 143: (Iberian laurae group species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 241 (brief male diagnosis); Galkowski & Cagniant, 2017 PDF: 190 (angustulus group, angustulus species group key); Prebus, 2017 10.1186/s12862-017-1095-8 PDF: 250 (global phylogeny); Csosz et al., 2018 PDF: 106 (Turano-European Temnothorax interruptus species group key); Salata et al., 2018a 10.3161/00034541ANZ2018.68.4.004 PDF: 801 (Cretan species key).

Taxon Page Images:



Cracking open an acorn reveals a colony of Temnothorax curvispinosus acorn ants. This species will also nest in walnut shells, twigs, plant galls, and other small pre-formed cavities. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Cameroon, Eritrea, Kenya, Libya, Macaronesia, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia
    Americas: Bahamas, Belize, Canada, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States, United States Virgin Islands
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, China, Cyprus, Georgia, India, Iran, Israel, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Mongolia, North Korea, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, Yemen
    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Temnothorax   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 29-30, (download) 29-30 23462
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 72, (download) 72 3926
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 37, (download) 37 21008
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 13, (download) 13 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


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