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Genus: Messor   Forel, 1890 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 113 species, 46 subspecies

Fossil: 1 species

Messor Forel, 1890b PDF: lxviii [as subgenus of Aphaenogaster]. Type-species: Formica barbara, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 277. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Messor in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Emery, 1914e: 40; Forel, 1917 PDF: 241; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404; Emery, 1921c: 68 [subtribe Stenammini]; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors.
Messor as subgenus of Stenamma: Emery, 1895d PDF: 298; Emery, 1895l PDF: 769; Forel, 1903a PDF: 693.
Messor as genus: Bingham, 1903 PDF: 277; Ruzsky, 1905b: 726; Emery, 1908f PDF: 437; Wheeler, 1910a PDF: 140; Forel, 1917 PDF: 241; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 149; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404; Emery, 1921c: 68; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors.
Genus Messor references
Forel, 1903a PDF: 693 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 278 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 726 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1908f PDF: 437 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 143 (Italy species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 149 (France & Belgium species key); Arnold, 1920a PDF: 404 (diagnosis); Emery, 1921c: 43 (Cratomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1921c: 67 (Veromessor diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1921c: 68 (diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 802 (Afrotropical Cratomyrmex, Messor catalogues); Santschi, 1927d PDF: 247 (Messor instabilis group key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927a PDF: 89 (Central Asia species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1929d PDF: 4 (Central Asia species key); Finzi, 1929 PDF: 77 (Italy species key); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 56 (Israel species key); Wheeler & Creighton, 1934 PDF: 360 (Veromessor species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 160 (Egypt species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 82 (Central Europe species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 158 (North America Veromesor species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 136 (Asia checklist); Bernard, 1955a PDF: 360 (Mediterranean Messor structor group key); Smith, 1956a PDF: 36 (U.S.A. Veromessor species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 137 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 257 (Neotropical Veromessor catalogue); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 50 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Arnol'di, 1977b PDF: 1640 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 537 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 80 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Smith, 1979: 1364 (North America Veromessor catalogue); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 338 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 248 (Saudi Arabia species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 38 (U.S.A., Nevada Veromessor species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 270 (Balkans species key); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 215 (Turkmenistan species key); Casevitz-Weulersse, 1990b: 156 (Corsica species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 113 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 33 (Armenia species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 252 (catalogue); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 314 (Saudi Arabia species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1998 PDF: 419 (Morocco species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 14 (Portugal species key); He & Song, 2009: 721 (China species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 210 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:

A busy nest entrance of Messor andrei harvester ants. Frank Raines State Park, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.


   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Zimbabwe
Indomalaya Region: India, Nepal, Pakistan
Nearctic Region: United States
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Czech Republic, Egypt, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Macaronesia, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, North Korea, Oman, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Switzerland, Syria, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Messor n. subgen.  Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 68, (download) 68 3926
Messor   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 33, (download) 33 21008
Messor   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 51, (download) 51 21622

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