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Genus: Temnothorax   Mayr, 1861 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 400 valid species, 42 valid subspecies

Fossil: 7 valid species

Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68. Type-species: Myrmica recedens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Temnothorax in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Temnothorax in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 21 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 459 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 122.
Temnothorax as junior synonym of Leptothorax: Forel, 1890b PDF: lxxii; Baroni Urbani, 1971c PDF: 96; Brown, 1973b PDF: 185 [provisional]; Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319; Bolton, 1994: 105.
Genus Temnothorax references
See under Leptothorax for pre-2003 references. Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270 (genus diagnosis). Radchenko, 2004 PDF; 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 193 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 120 (North and Central Europe species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 181 (Taiwan species key); Zhou, et al. 2010: 9 (China species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 366 (Poland species key); Bharti, Gul & Schulz, 2012: 334 (India species key); Snelling et al., 2014 PDF: 80 (California species key);Salata & Borowiec, 2015 PDF: 129 (eastern Mediterranean species key); Bharti et al., 2016 10.13102/sociobioloby.v63i2.869 PDF: 748 (Indian species key); Csosz et al., 2015 10.1371/journal.pone.0140000 PDF: 1 (nylanderi-group key, taxonomic synopsis); Galkowski & Lebas, 2016 PDF: 80 (black species key); Sharaf et al., 2017 10.5852/ejt.2017.280 PDF: 1 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Radchenko et al., 2015 PDF 161 (Caucasian species); Catarineu et al., 2017 10.13102/sociobiology.v64i2.1274 PDF: 143: (Iberian laurae group species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 241 (brief male diagnosis); Galkowski & Cagniant, 2017 PDF: 190 (angustulus group, angustulus species group key); Prebus, 2017 10.1186/s12862-017-1095-8 PDF: 250 (global phylogeny); Csosz et al., 2018 PDF: 106 (Turano-European Temnothorax interruptus species group key)

Taxon Page Images:



Cracking open an acorn reveals a colony of Temnothorax curvispinosus acorn ants. This species will also nest in walnut shells, twigs, plant galls, and other small pre-formed cavities. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Eritrea, Kenya, Sudan
Indomalaya Region: India, Pakistan, Taiwan, Vietnam
Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Neotropical Region: Bahamas, Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Puerto Rico, United States Virgin Islands
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Macaronesia, Malta, Mongolia, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Temnothorax   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 29-30, (download) 29-30 23462
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 72, (download) 72 3926
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 37, (download) 37 21008
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 13, (download) 13 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


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