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Genus: Monomorium   Mayr, 1855 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 358 valid species, 25 valid subspecies

Fossil: 3 valid species

Monomorium Mayr, 1855 PDF: 452. Type-species: Monomorium monomorium (replacement name for Monomorium minutum, junior secondary homonym in Monomorium), by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Monomorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Monomorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 452 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 71 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 456 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 65.
Monomorium in Myrmicinae, Monomorium genus group: Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 81; in Solenopsis genus group: Bolton, 1987 PDF: 271.
Genus Monomorium references
Roger, 1863b PDF: 30, 31 (Phacota, Monomorium catalogues); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 429, 440 (Monomorium, Phacota catalogues); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19, 22 (Trichomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 95 (Monomorium diagnosis); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 100 (Australia Monomorium species key); Emery, 1881b: 530 (Mediterranean & Red Sea Monomorium species key); André, 1883a: 331, 343 (Europe & Algeria Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); André, 1883b: 397 (Phacota); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262 (U.S.A. Monomorium catalogue); Nasonov, 1889: 69 (Russia Monomorium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 65, 71, 72, 78 (Holcomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota, Trichomyrmex, Lampromyrmex catalogues); Forel, 1903a PDF: 685, 692 (India & Sri Lanka Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 200, 282 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Ruzsky, 1905b: 633 (Russian Empire Monomorium species key); Emery, 1908j PDF: 664 (Palaearctic Monomorium species key); Emery, 1915g PDF: 190 (Monomorium subgenera key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 203, 204 (Monomorium diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 161 (Italy Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1921c PDF: 121 (Syllophopsis species key); Emery, 1922c PDF: 166 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 168 (Monomorium (Chelaner) & Monomorium (Notomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922c PDF: 170 (Monomorium (Monomorium) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 174 (Monomorium (Corynomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 175 (Monomorium (Syllophopsis) & Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922c PDF: 179 (Monomorium (Parholcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 181 (Monomorium (Holcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 183 (Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 184 (Epixenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 185 (Trichomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 186 (Wheeleriella diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 187 (Phacota diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 204 (Epoecus diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 161, 675, 862, 1026 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 64 (Israel Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1936a PDF: 33 (Mediterranean & Africa Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 289 (U.S.A., Iowa Monomorium species key); Kusnezov, 1949a PDF: 431 (Argentina Monomorium species); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 217 (North America Monomorium species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 239 (Epoecus, review of genus); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 162, 169 (Asia Ireneidris, Monomorium, Trichomyrmex, Wheeleriella checklists); Bernard, 1955b: 282 (Epixenus species key); Brown, 1958h PDF: 28 (New Zealand Monomorium species key); Gregg, 1963: 367 (U.S.A., Colorado Monomorium species key); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 82, 93, 100 (Monomorium, Chelaner, Syllophopsis diagnoses, reviews of genera, checklists); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 165 (Monomorium diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 143 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 165 (Nothidris catalogue); Alayo, 1974 PDF: 14 (Cuba Monomorium species key); Snelling, 1975 PDF: 5 (Nothidris all species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975 PDF: 79 (Nothidris all species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. Monomorium species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 82 (Iberian Peninsula Monomorium species key); Smith, 1979: 1381 (North America Monomorium catalogue); Tohmé & Tohmé, 1980a PDF: 1087 (Lebanon & Syria Epixenus species key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 267 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 55, 70 (Australia Chelaner, Monomorium catalogues); DuBois, 1986 PDF: 74 (Nearctic Monomorium species revision, key); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 281 (Phacota diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 283 (Antichthonidris, review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 284 (Nothidris review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 287 (Monomorium diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 19, 40 and Taylor, 1987b: 2 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand Monomorium checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 272 (Balkans Monomorium species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14 (synoptic classification); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 231 (Turkmenistan Monomorium species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 326, 357 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 361 (Nothidris catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 38 (Japan Monomorium species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 46 (Armenia Monomorium species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048, 1050, 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 67, 258, 292, 316 (Antichthonidris, Monomorium, Nothidris, Phacota catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 88 (China Monomorium species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 337 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Radchenko, 1997G PDF: 211 (Trichomyrmex scabriceps group revision, key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 19 (Portugal Monomorium species key); Shattuck, 1999: 145 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2001 PDF: 367 (Australia Monomorium species revision, key); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 112 (China, Guangxi Monomorium species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 127 (U.S.A., New Mexico Monomorium species key); Heterick, 2006 PDF: 84 (Malagasy Monomorium species revision, key); Fernández, 2007B: 139 (Neotropical Monomorium species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 154 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 158 (south-western Australia species key); Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011 PDF: 52 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium monomorium group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 86 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013 PDF (Afrotropical hildebrandti-group species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013 PDF (Saudi Arabia monomorium-group species key); Sparks et al., 2014 PDF: 498 (rothsteini-group species review, key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 212 (brief male diagnosis); Sharaf et al., 2018 10.7717/peerj.4277 PDF: 6 (Arabian species of the Monomorium monomorium-group key).

Taxon Page Images:



Monomorium sydneyense queen and workers in the brood nest. Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Angola, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Australia, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands
Indomalaya Region: India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Grande Glorieuse, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bahamas, Brazil, Chile, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
Oceania Region: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Palau, Samoa
Palearctic Region: Afghanistan, Algeria, Belgium, China, Croatia, Egypt, Gibraltar, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Macaronesia, Madeira, Malta, Morocco, Oman, Palestine, Portugal, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Syria, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Yemen

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 79-83, (download) 79-83 21061
Monomorium   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 34, (download) 34 21008
Monomorium   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 14, (download) 14 21008
Monomorium   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 161-162, (download) 161-162 20597
Monomorium   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 52, (download) 52 21622
Monomorium   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 163, (download) 163 6734
Monomorium   Forel, A., 1892, Hymenopteres 2 (supplement au 28 fascicule). Les Formicides., Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. 20., Paris: Unknown Publisher, pp. 232-280: 255, (download) 255 8239
Monomorium   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 19-20, (download) 19-20 23462
Monomorium   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 130-131, (download) 130-131 21280
Monomorium   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 62, (download) 62 6175


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