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Genus: Leptothorax   Mayr, 1855 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 20 valid species

Leptothorax Mayr, 1855 PDF: 431. Type-species: Formica acervorum, by subsequent designation of Bingham, 1903 PDF: 214. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

[Type-species not Myrmica clypeata, unjustified subsequent designation by Emery, 1912d PDF: 271; repeated in Wheeler, 1913a PDF: 79 and Emery, 1924f PDF: 248.].
Leptothorax in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Leptothorax in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 431 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 57 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 20 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 458 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 122.
Leptothorax in Myrmicinae, Leptothoracini: Emery, 1914e: 42; Arnold, 1916 PDF: 257; Forel, 1917 PDF: 244; Wheeler, 1922: 664; Emery, 1924f PDF: 247; subsequent authors to the following.
Genus Leptothorax references
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 433 (Austria species key); Mayr, 1861 PDF: 58 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863b PDF: 26, 28, 30 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 426, 428, 456 (Leptothorax, Macromischa, Temnothorax catalogues); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19, 20, 21 (Macromischa, Leptothorax, Temnothorax diagnoses); Mayr, 1868c PDF: 83 (*Baltic Amber species key); Forel, 1874 PDF: 84 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883a: 293 (Europe & Algeria species key); Mayr, 1886d PDF: 451 (U.S.A. species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 261 (U.S.A. catalogue); Nasonov, 1889: 70 (Russia species key); Emery, 1891c: 5 (North Africa species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 120, 122 (Macromischa, Leptothorax catalogues); Emery, 1895d PDF: 317 (North America species key); Emery, 1896g PDF: 58 (Neotropical species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 215 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, W.M. 1903c: 223 (North America species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 570 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 16 (Luxemburg species key); Wheeler, 1908a PDF: 141 (Macromischa species key); Santschi, 1909c PDF: 460 (Leptothorax rottenbergi group key); Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 496 (Belgium species key); Stitz, 1914 PDF: 60 (Central Europe species key); Crawley, 1914a PDF: 91 (Britain species key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 147 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 176 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916r: 581 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 257 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 117 (France & Belgium species key); Mann, 1920b PDF: 408 (Macromischa species key); Wheeler, 1922: 677 (Macromischa subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922: 679 (Leptothorax subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922: 890 (Afrotropical catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 1029 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 245 (Macromischa catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 247 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 249 (Leptothorax (Goniothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 251 (Leptothorax (Leptothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 259 (Leptothorax (Temnothorax) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f PDF: 260 (Leptothorax (Dichothorax) & Leptothorax (Mychothorax) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1924f PDF: 264 (Symmyrmica review, catalogue); Karavaiev, 1927d: 266 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 163 (Britain species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927d PDF: 38 (Turkestan species key); Wheeler, 1931b PDF: 31 (Macromischa, Croesomyrmex, Antillaemyrmex checklists); Arnol'di, 1933a: 598 (Russia species key); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 68 (Israel species key); Karavaiev, 1934: 134 (Ukraine species key); Wheeler, 1937b PDF: 463 (Macromischa checklist); Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 307 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939: 158 (Germany species key); Smith, 1939e PDF: 503 (U.S.A. Macromischa species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b PDF: 89 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 89 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942 PDF: 369 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 172 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 198 (Norway species key); Kratochvíl et al., 1944 PDF: 123 (Czechoslovakia males, key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 286 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 178 (Belgium species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 251, 256 (North America Macromischa, Leptothorax species keys); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 110 (Asia checklist); Smith, 1952c PDF: 97 (U.S.A. Leptothorax tricarinatus complex, key); Bernard, 1956a PDF: 151 (Western Europe species groups); Kusnezov, 1958c PDF: 266 (subgenera key); Boven, 1959: 8 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963: 380 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 139 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964b PDF: 99 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 185 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 187 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 224 (Doronomyrmex diagnosis); Boven, 1970b: 20 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1971 PDF: 1824 (Kazakhstan species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 132, 135 (Neotropical Leptothorax, Macromischa catalogues); Alayo, 1974 PDF: 15 (Cuba Macromischa species key); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (Britain species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 83 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977 PDF: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977c: 103 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 540 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 83 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 68 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Baroni Urbani, 1978b PDF: 533 (Leptothorax (Macromischa) all species revision, key); Smith, 1979: 1391 (North America catalogue); Buschinger, 1981 PDF: 211 (Doronomyrmex review); Allred, 1982: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Bolton, 1982 PDF: 319 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species key); Gösswald, 1985: 303 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 51 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 60 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 273 (Balkans species key); Dlussky & Soyunov, 1988 PDF: 29 (former U.S.S.R. Temnothorax species); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 13 (synoptic classification); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 184, 188 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 136 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 349 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 26 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 129 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 52 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 111 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994e PDF: 146 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 235 (catalogue); Douwes, 1995: 89 (Sweden species key); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 347 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 108 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 325 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996B: 13 (Central Europe Doronomyrmex species key); Seifert, 1996B: 119 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 45 (Britain species key); Cagniant & Espadaler, 1997 PDF: 260 (Morocco species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 16 (Portugal species key); Terayama & Onoyama, 1999 PDF: 73 (Japan species key); Mackay, 2000 PDF: 265, 288, 297 (New World Leptothorax (Myrafant) species revision key, Mexico & Guatemala species key, species complexes key); Fontenla, 2001 PDF: 15 (Cuba Macromischa species key); Chang & He, 2001C PDF: 1 (northwest China species key); Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 143 (Poland species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 93 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270 (genus diagnosis); Lyu & Cho, 2003b: 269 (Korea species key); Radchenko, 2004 PDF: 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species, key); Deyrup & Cover, 2004A PDF: 56 (southeast U.S.A. species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 192 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 118 (North and Central Europe species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 366 (Poland species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 204 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



A Leptothorax calderoni worker ant forages in a meadow in California's Sierra Nevada. Sagehen Creek Field Station, California, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)   Genus is native to: Nearctic, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Palearctic Region: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Poland, Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 33, (download) 33 21008
Leptothorax   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 68-70, (download) 68-70 6175
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1892, Hymenopteres 2 (supplement au 28 fascicule). Les Formicides., Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. 20., Paris: Unknown Publisher, pp. 232-280: 264-265, (download) 264-265 8239
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 72, (download) 72 3926
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 13, (download) 13 21008


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