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Species: Megalomyrmex wettereri   Brandão, 2003 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Megalomyrmex wettereri Brandão, 2003B PDF: 155, figs. 1-4 (w.q.) COSTA RICA. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Costa Rica, Panama
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Costa Rica, Panama. In Costa Rica, known only from La Selva.

Biology:

Natural History:

The Costa Rican specimens of the new species were collected by Jim Wetterer. While collecting Attini at La Selva Biological Station, he discovered a colony occupying the fungus garden of a Trachymyrmex nest. Several other species of Megalomyrmex, including mondabora, silvestrii, and symmetochus, appear to be specialized associates or predators of small attines (Wheeler 1925, Kempf and Brown 1968, Brandao 1990, Adams et al. 2000). Adams et al. describe in detail the behavior of this species. I quote from Brand‹o's (2003) summary of their findings:

Adams et al. (1998-1999; 2000) described the finding of two colonies of this new species in Panama containing healthy fungus gardens of Cyphomyrmex longiscapus, although no attines were present at the time of collecting. According to these authors, laboratory observations revealed that the Megalomyrmex Òconsume the fungus by cropping mycelium from the garden substrate. However, they do not forage for and add nutrient substrates, or otherwise tend the fungus garden; thus, when the garden becomes depleted, Megalomyrmex sp. must locate and usurp new gardens in other attine coloniesÓ. When presented with active colonies of C. longiscapus, workers of this new species displace ÒhostÓ workers in mass raids, stinging and ultimately killing the apparent defenseless C. longiscapus. When presented with C. longiscapus larvae in the laboratory, M. wettereri n. sp. workers strip them of the mycelium layer that naturally covers the cuticle, then place the larvae with their own brood. Adams et al. (1998-1999) considered this Megalomyrmex as a predator on C. longiscapus as they forcibly eject the resident attine to usurp their fungus gardens.

References:

Adams, R.C., Mueller, U.G. and Schultz, T.R. 1998-1999. Nest usurpation and fungivory in Megalomyrmex sp. nov. (Silvestrii species group): lestobiotic or predatory relations with fungus growing ants? In: Schwarz, M.P. and Hogendoorn (eds.) Insects at the Turn of the Millennium, International Congress of IUSSI, 14th. Proceedings. Adelaide, Australia, IUSSI. p.75.

Adams, R. M. M., U. G. Mueller, T. R. Schultz, and B. Norden. 2000. Agro-predation: usurpation of attine fungus gardens by Megalomyrmex ants. Naturwissenschaften 87:549-554.

Brand‹o, C. R. F. 1990. Systematic revision of the Neotropical ant genus Megalomyrmex Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae), with the description of thirteen new species. Arquivos de Zoologia (Sao Paulo) 31:411-481.

Brand‹o, C. R. F. 2003. Further revisionary studies on the ant genus Megalomyrmex Forel (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Solenopsidini. PapŽis Avulsos de Zoologia 43:145-159.

Kempf, W. W., Brown, W. L., Jr. 1968. Report on some Neotropical ant studies. Papeis Avulsos Zool. 22:89-102.

Wheeler, W. M. 1925. A new guest-ant and other new Formicidae from Barro Colorado Island, Panama. Biol. Bull. Mar. Biol. Lab., Woods Hole 49:150-181.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in nr lab clearing.

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: Trachymyrmex nest with Megalomyrmex colony occupying the fun times Wetterer #93030201.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 1 times Search.

Elevations: collected from 50 - 365 meters, 124 meters average

Type specimens: paratype of Megalomyrmex wetterer: inbiocri001238212



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