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Genus: Tetramorium   Mayr, 1855 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

560 species, 22 subspecies

Tetramorium Mayr, 1855 PDF: 423 . Type-species: Formica caespitum, by subsequent designation of Girard, 1879: 1016. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Tetramorium in Myrmicidae, Myrmicidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Tetramorium in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 423 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 61 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865: 20 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 457 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 130.
Genus Tetramorium references
Roger, 1863b: 26, 27 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 456 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 20 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1870b PDF: 972 (all species key); André, 1883a: 285 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 261 (U.S.A. catalogue); Emery, 1893g PDF: 214 (Triglyphothrix species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 130, 135 (Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Forel, 1903a PDF: 700, 703 (India & Sri Lanka Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix species keys); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 172, 175 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Triglyphothrix, Tetramorium species keys); Ruzsky, 1905b: 517 (Russian Empire species key); Emery, 1909f: 695 (Palaearctic species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 195 (Italy species key); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 271, 275, 334, 345 (diagnosis, South Africa Tetramorium (Tetramorium), Tetramorium (Triglyphothrix), Tetramorium (Xiphomyrmex) species keys); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 106 (France & Belgium species key); Mann, 1919 PDF: 353 (Papuasia Triglyphothrix species key); Wheeler, 1922: 187, 190, 193, 196 (Macromischoides, Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 886, 889, 893, 906, 909 (Afrotropical Atopula, Macromischoides, Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1030, 1031, 1032 (Malagasy Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Emery, 1924f: 242 (Atopula diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f: 272 (Triglyphothrix diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f: 275 (Tetramorium diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1924f: 286 (Xiphomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Santschi, 1924b PDF: 210 (Macromischoides species key); Arnold, 1926 PDF: 241 (South Africa Tetramorium (Tetramorium) species key); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 74 (Israel species key); Finzi, 1936 PDF: 183 (Egypt species key); Smith, 1938a PDF: 127 (North America Xiphomyrmex species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b: 84 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 84 (Central Europe species key); Smith, 1943b PDF: 2 (North America species key); Kratochvíl, Novák & Snoflák, 1944 PDF: 76, 95 (Central Europe species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 290, 293 (North America Tetramorium, Xiphomyrmex species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 174, 178, 179 (Asia Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix, Xiphomyrmex checklists); Brown, 1958h PDF: 27 (New Zealand species); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 227 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 249, 255 (Neotropical Tetramorium, Triglyphothrix catalogues); Alayo, 1974: 18 (Cuba species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 105 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Bolton, 1976 PDF: 310, 314, 341 (Triglyphothrix diagnosis, Afrotropical, Oriental & Malesian species revisions, keys); Bolton, 1976 PDF: 359 (Tetramorium diagnosis, review of genus, synonymy); Bolton, 1977 PDF: 72, 133 (Oriental & Malesian, Australia species revisions, keys); Kutter, 1977c: 150 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 544 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 86 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 82 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979: 1399, 1400 (North America Triglyphothrix, Tetramorium catalogues); Bolton, 1979 PDF: 132, 159 (Malagasy, New World species revisions, keys); Bolton, 1980: 196, 205 (diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 262 (Saudi Arabia species key); Gösswald, 1985: 311 (Germany species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 88 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 78 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 277 (Balkans species key); Wang, Xiao & Wu, 1988: 264 (China species key); Radchenko & Arakelian, 1990 PDF: 371 (Crimea & Caucasus Tetramorium ferox complex, key); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990 PDF: 197 (Turkmenistan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 149 (Bulgaria species key); Radchenko, 1992a PDF: 44 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 33 (Japan species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 60 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 109 (South Siberia species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 403 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 79 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 332 (Saudi Arabia species key); Seifert, 1996B: 158 (Central Europe species key); Cagniant, 1997: 89 (Morocco species key); Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowsa, 1998: 107 (Poland species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 17 (Portugal species key); Sanetra, Güsten & Schulz, 1999 PDF: 317 (Italy, species); Shattuck, 1999: 168 (Australia synopsis); Chang & He, 2001B PDF: 1 (northwest China species key); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 100 (China, Guangxi species key); Czechowski, Radchenko & Czechowska, 2002 PDF: 145 (Poland species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 214 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Seifert, 2007: 145 (North and Central Europe species key); CsÅ?sz, Radchenko & Schulz, 2007 PDF: 8 (Tetramorium chefketi complex key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 162 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 177 (south-western Australia species key); CsÅ?sz & Schulz, 2010 PDF: 12 (Tetramorium ferox complex key); Hita Garcia, Fischer & Peters, 2010 PDF: 12 (Afrotropical Tetramorium weitzeckeri species group key); Vásquez-Bolaños, Castaño-Meneses & Guzmán-Mendoza, 2011 PDF: 454 (Neotropical Tetramorium tortuosum group key); Sharaf, Aldawood & Taylor, 2012 PDF: 7 (Arabia species key); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012a: 10, 31, 57, 91, 113 (Malagasy Tetramorium bessonii, Tetramorium bonibony, Tetramorium dysalum, Tetramorium marginatum, Tetramorium tsingy group keys); Bharti & Kumar, 2012 PDF: 29 (India species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 369 (Poland species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 137 (Fiji species key); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2012b: 8, 14 (Malagasy Tetramorium kelleri, Tetramorium tortuosum species groups keys); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Afrotropical Tetramorium tortuosum species group revision, species key); Sharaf, Abdel-Dayem, Al Dhafer & Aldawood, 2013 PDF: 577 (Sharaf, Aldawood & Taylor, 2012 PDF's Saudi Arabia species key update); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2014 PDF: 71, 77 (synonymy, Afrotropical Tetramorium decem species group, revision and key); Hita Garcia & Fisher, 2014 PDF: 10, 31, 57, 156 (Malagasy Tetramorium naganum, Tetramorium plesiarum, Tetramorium schaufussii, Tetramorium severini species groups, revisions and keys).

Taxon Page Images:



Neighboring nests of Tetramorium pavement ants often fight extended territorial battles as colonies expand in the spring. The unfortunate ant in the center has been outnumbered by ants from an opposing colony. (Tetramorium "species E") Nixon, Nevada, USA.
Tetramorium pulcherrimum is a small, furry, forest-dwelling ant found in the rainforests of central Africa. Here, a forager explores the mossy microscape on top of a rotting log. Kibale Forest, Uganda.
Image © Alex Wild.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-26 07:16:31 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-26 07:15:59 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-26 07:15:39 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-26 07:15:11 Zach Lieberman modified Images

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