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Genus: Temnothorax   Mayr, 1861 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 391 species, 42 subspecies

Fossil: 7 species

Temnothorax Mayr, 1861 PDF: 68. Type-species: Myrmica recedens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Temnothorax references
See under Leptothorax for pre-2003 references. Bolton, 2003 PDF: 270 (genus diagnosis). Radchenko, 2004 PDF: 131 (Eastern Palaearctic species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 193 (North Korea species key); Seifert, 2007: 120 (North and Central Europe species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 181 (Taiwan species key); Zhou, et al. 2010: 9 (China species key) ; Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 366 (Poland species key); Bharti, Gul & Schulz, 2012: 334 (India species key); Snelling, Borowiec & Prebus, 2014 PDF: 80 (California species key);Salata & Borowiec, 2015 PDF: 129 (eastern Mediterranean species key); Bharti, Gul & Sasi, 2016 10.13102/sociobioloby.v63i2.869 PDF: 748 (Indian species key); Csosz, Heinze, Mikó & I, 2015 10.1371/journal.pone.0140000 PDF: 1 (nylanderi-group key, taxonomic synopsis); Galkowski & Lebas, 2016 PDF: 80 (black species key); Sharaf, Akbar, Al Dhafer, Gharbawy & Aldawood, 2017 10.5852/ejt.2017.280 PDF: 1 (Arabian Peninsula species key); Radchenko, Yusupov & Fedoseeva, 2015 PDF 161 (Caucasian species).

Taxon Page Images:



Cracking open an acorn reveals a colony of Temnothorax curvispinosus acorn ants. This species will also nest in walnut shells, twigs, plant galls, and other small pre-formed cavities. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic bioregions.

Afrotropical Region: Cameroon, Kenya, Laikipia, Rift Valley, Sudan, Tana River
Australasia Region: Northern, Western
Indomalaya Region: Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Nepal, Okinawa, Pakistan, Taiwan, Uttarakhand
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Baja California, Baja California Sur, British Columbia, California, Chihuahua, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Nova Scotia, Nuevo Leon, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Sonora, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia
Neotropical Region: Atlántida, Bahamas, Baja California Norte, Baja Verapaz, Belize, Cayo, Chiapas, Colombia, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, El Progreso, Exuma, Francisco Morazán, Granada, Guanacaste, Guatemala, Guerrero, Haiti, Heredia, Honduras, Huehuetenango, Independencia, Isla de la Juventud, Izabal, Jinotega, La Vega, Magdalena, Matagalpa, Matanzas, Michoacan, Monseñor Nouel, Morelos, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Oaxaca, Olancho, Oriente, Ouest, Panama, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Sacatepéquez, San Marcos, Santiago de Cuba, Suchitepéquez, Totonicapan, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Veracruz, Zacapa
Palearctic Region: Aargau, Abruzzi, Aegean Islands, Afghanistan, Al Bahah, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Amasya, Andorra, Antalya, Armenia, Artvin, Austria, Auvergne, Avila, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands, Barcelona, Basilicata, Belarus, Belgium, Blagoevgrad province, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brabant-Wallon, Brussel Hoofdstedelijk G, Bulgaria, Burgundy, Calabria, Campania, Canary Islands, Carinthia, Castilla y León, Catalonia, Central Bohemia, Central Greece, Central Macedonia, Channel Islands, China, Corsica, Cosenza, Crete, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denizli, Denmark, Dodecanese, Dolnoslaskie, Emilia-Romagna, Epirus, Estonia, Finland, France, Geneva, Germany, Gibraltar, Girona, Greece, Hainaut, Huelva, Huesca, Hungary, Hyogo, Ionian Islands, Iran, Israel, Italy, Izmir, Jaen, Jammu and Kashmir, Japan, Jersey, Kagoshima, Kairouan, Kanagawa, Kayseri, Kazakhstan, Konia, Krim, Kyrgyzstan, Languedoc-Roussillon, Latvia, Libya, Liechtenstein, Liguria, Limburg, Lithuania, Lombardia, Luxembourg, Macaronesia, Macedonia, Madeira Islands, Malta, Mazandaran, Mid-Pyrénées, Mongolia, Montenegro, Morocco, Murcia, Málaga, Namur, Netherlands, North Korea, Norway, Nur Daglari, Oost-Vlaanderen, Peloponnese, Poland, Portugal, Praha, Republic of Moldova, Rheinland-Pfalz, Rize, Romania, Russia, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Sevilla, Sicily, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Taurus Mt., Thessaly, Thrace, Tlemcen, Toscana, Tunisia, Turin, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Uruzgan, Uzbekistan, Valais, Van, Vidin, Vlaams-Brabant, Västra Götaland, West Greece, West-Vlaanderen, Yemen, Zaragoza

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Temnothorax   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 29-30, (download) 29-30 23462
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Leptothorax   Forel, A., 1890, Fourmis de Tunisie et de l'Algérie orientale., Annales de la Societe Entomologique de Belgique, Comptes-rendus des Seances 34, pp. 61-76: 72, (download) 72 3926
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 37, (download) 37 21008
Leptothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 13, (download) 13 21008
Temnothorax   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


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