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Genus: Strumigenys   Smith, 1860 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 837 species

Fossil: 4 species

Strumigenys Smith, 1860c PDF: 72. Type-species: Strumigenys mandibularis, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Genus Strumigenys references
Roger, 1863b: 40 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 424, 453, 455 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 26 (diagnosis); André, 1883b: 398, 402 (Europe & Algeria Strumigenys (Trichoscapa), Epitritus species); Forel, 1886a PDF: 216 (all species key); Mayr, 1887 PDF: 568 (all species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 145, 148 (Strumigenys, Epitritus catalogues); Emery, 1895d PDF: 325 (North America species key); Emery, 1897c PDF: 574 (New Guinea species key); Forel, 1903a PDF: 707 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 147 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, 1908a: 146 (New World species key); Santschi, 1913b PDF: 257 (Afrotropical species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 205 (Italy species key); Arnold, 1917 PDF: 373 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Mann, 1921 PDF: 467 (Fiji Is species key); Wheeler, 1922: 917, 918, 920 (Afrotropical Strumigenys, Strumigenys (Cephaloxys), Epitritus catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1034 (Malagasy catalogue); Emery, 1924f: 319, 323, 325, 326 (diagnosis, Strumigenys, Strumigenys (Cephaloxys), Strumigenys (Codiomyrmex), Glamyromyrmex, Pentastruma, Epitritus diagnoses, catalogues); Smith, 1931c PDF: 691 (North America Strumigenys (Cephaloxys) species key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 290 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Brown, 1948e: 108, 112-124 (diagnosis, review of genus, minor genera reviews); Brown, 1949b: 43 (Epitritus diagnosis, review); Brown, 1949d: 8, 21 (Weberistruma species review, Japan, China & Taiwan species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 301 (North America species key); Brown, 1950a: 27 (Glamyromyrmex review); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 104-107 (Asia Eneria, Epitritus, Kyidris, Pentastruma, Smithistruma, Strumigenys (Cephaloxys), Strumigenys (Strumigenys) checklists); Brown, 1952e PDF: 86 (Serrastruma diagnosis, species revision, key); Brown, 1953g PDF: 20, 24; 31, 46, 92, 114, 125, 130 (Codiomyrmex, Weberistruma reviews; Smithistruma diagnosis, Nearctic, Neotropical, Malesian, Afrotropical, Palaearctic species revisions, keys); Brown, 1954k PDF: 10 (Afrotropical Strumigenys revision, key); Wilson & Brown, 1956b: 439 (Kyidris species review); Brown, 1958h PDF: 38 (New Zealand species); Brown, 1959b PDF: 1 (Neostruma species review); Kempf, 1959f PDF: 339 (Gymnomyrmex species key); Brown, 1960b PDF: 37 (Strumigenys gundlachi group revision, key); Kempf, 1960f: 447 (Neotropical Glamyromyrmex species key); Kempf, 1960f: 451 (Gymnomyrmex species key); Brown, 1962b PDF: 79 (Epitritus species key); Brown, 1962c PDF: 238 (Neotropical Strumigenys synopsis, key); Brown, 1964a PDF: 183 (supplement to 1953g Smithistruma revision); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 243, 245 (Smithistruma, Epitritus diagnoses); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 37, 77, 98, 110, 116, 163, 226, 230, 243, 250, 255 (Neotropical Borgmeierita, Chelystruma, Codiomyrmex, Codioxenus, Dorisidris, Glamyromyrmex, Gymnomyrmex, Neostruma, Quadristruma, Smithistruma, Strumigenys, Tingimyrmex, Trichoscapa catalogues); Bolton, 1972 PDF: 208 (Epitritus species key); Alayo, 1974: 19 (Cuba species key); Kempf, 1976c PDF: 43 (additions to Brown, 1962c key); Smith, 1979: 1403, 1405, 1408, 1409 (North America Strumigenys, Smithistruma, Trichoscapa, Quadristruma catalogues); Brown & Boisvert, 1979 PDF: 201 (Pentastruma species review); Bolton, 1983 PDF: 274, 319, 320, 335, 353, 354, 358, 400 (Afrotropical Smithistruma, Trichoscapa, Glamyromyrmex, Serrastruma, Cladarogenys, Epitritus, Strumigenys, Quadristruma species revisions, keys); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 64, 85, 87 (Australia Glamyromyrmex, Quadristruma, Strumigenys catalogues); Perrault, 1986a PDF: 3 (Gymnomyrmex species key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 28, 66, 76 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Ward, 1988 PDF: 122 (Western Nearctic Smithistruma species key); Terayama & Kubota, 1989 PDF: 780, 787 (Taiwan Strumigenys, Smithistruma species keys); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 15 (synoptic classification); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 344, 346, 360, 378, 380 (Neotropical catalogue); Arakelian & Dlussky, 1991: 150 (former U.S.S.R. species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 63, 68, 76 (Japan Strumigenys, Smithistruma, Epitritus species keys); Dlussky, 1993b PDF: 53 (Fiji Is, Tonga and Samoa Strumigenys species key); Bolton, 1994: 105 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048 - 1053 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 75, 145, 146, 177, 183, 188, 207, 211, 219, 292, 316, 377, 382, 383, 395, 420, 421 (catalogue); Gronenberg, 1996: 2021 (mandible morphology); Terayama, Lin & Wu, 1996 PDF: 328 (Taiwan Smithistruma species key); Lin & Wu, 1996 PDF: 139 (Taiwan Strumigenys species key); Lattke & Goitía, 1997 PDF: 370 (Venezuela species key); Ogata & Onoyama, 1998: 277 (Japan Smithistruma species key); Shattuck, 1999: 136, 160, 167, 170 (Australia Glamyromyrmex, Quadristruma, Strumigenys, Trichoscapa synopses); Bolton, 1999 PDF: 1667, 1673 (morphology, diagnosis, review of Pyramica, Strumigenys); Xu, 2000e: 297 (China Epitritus species key); Bolton, 2000: 95, 137, 272, 285, 342, 372, 472 (Nearctic, Neotropical, Afrotropical, West Palaearctic, Malagasy, Malesian-Oriental-East Palaearctic, Austral Pyramica species revisions, keys); Bolton, 2000: 496, 583, 716, 942 (Neotropical-Nearctic, Afrotropical, Malesian-Oriental-East Palaearctic, Austral Strumigenys species revisions, keys); Fisher, 2000: 614 (Malagasy Strumigenys species revision, key); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 78 (China, Guangxi Strumigenys species key); Lin & Wu, 2001 PDF: 166 (Taiwan Strumigenys species key); Zhou & Xu, 2003 PDF: 737 (China Strumigenys species key); Xu & Zhou, 2004 PDF: 441 (China Pyramica species, key); Longino, 2006B PDF: 139 (Costa Rica species, additions to Pyramica key); Yoshimura & Onoyama, 2007 PDF: 676 (Japan Strumigenys species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 138, 142 (Taiwan Pyramica, Strumigenys species keys); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 176 (south-western Australia Strumigenys species key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 117, 124 (Fiji Pyramica, Strumigenys species key); Bharti & Akbar, 2013 PDF: 391 (India species key)

Taxon Page Images:



Strumigenys emmae workers are scarcely larger than the sand grains in the soil they inhabit. Archibold Biological Station, Florida, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Overview:

Strumigenys lyroessa from Kerala India

 

Distribution:


Afrotropical Region: Angola, Ashanti, Benin, Bioko, Botswana, Bundibugyo, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape, Cape Prov., Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eastern, Eastern Cape, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estuaire, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gauteng, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Iringa, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kenya, Kibale NP, Kilimanjaro, KwaZulu-Natal, Lagunes, Lesotho, Limpopo, Lindi, Malanje, Malawi, Manicaland, Maracha, Matabeleland North, Morogoro, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Mtwara, Natal, Nigeria, Ogooue-Maritime, Prefecture Sangha-Mbaéré, Pwani, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Southern, Sud, Sud-Ouest, Sudan, Tanga, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Unguja, Wakiso, Western Cape, Western Uganda, Woleu-Ntem, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australasia Region: Auckland, Australian Capital Territory, Barrow Island, Bay of Plenty, Central, East Sepik, Eastern Highlands, Guadalcanal, Gulf, Lord Howe Island, Madang, Makira-Ulawa, Manus, Morobe, National Capital, New Britain, New Caledonia, New Georgia, New Guinea, New Ireland, New South Wales, New Zealand, Nggela, Norfolk Island, North Island, Northern, Northern Territory, Northland, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Rennell Is., Sandaun, Santa Cruz Gp., Santa Cruz Islands, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Tasmania, Timor-Leste, Vanuatu, Victoria, West Sepik, Western, Western Australia, Western Highlands, unknown District PNG
Indomalaya Region: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Bali, Bhutan, Borneo, Brunei, Bukidnon, Cambodia, Chaiyaphum, Chiang Mai, Garhwal District, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Irian Jaya, Jambi, Java, Johore, Johore Kahang, Kalimantan, Kedah State, Kerala, Krakatau Islands, Kuamun District, Laguna, Lampung, Loei, Luzon, Madras, Malaysia, Maluku, Myanmar, Negeri Sembilan, Nepal, North Sumatra, Pahang, Phang Nga, Phetchabun, Philippines, Sabah, Sarawak, Selangor, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sulawesi (as Celebes), Sulawesi Tengah, Sulawesi Utara, Sumatra, Taiwan, Tamil Nadu, Temburong, Terengganu, Thailand, Timor, Trengganu, Vietnam, West, West Java, West Nusa Tenggara, West Papua, West Sumatra
Malagasy Region: Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Comoros, Diego-Suarez, Fianarantsoa, Grande Comore, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mohéli, Reunion, Rodrigues, Seychelles, Toamasina, Toliara, Tulear
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Alta Verapaz, Alto Parana, Amapá, Amazonas, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aragua, Argentina, Aruba, Asunción, Atlántico Sur, Atlántida, Bahamas, Bahia, Baja Verapaz, Barbados, Barinas, Basse Terre, Basse-Terre, Belize, Beni, Boaco, Bolivia, Boquerón, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Buenos Aires, Camaguey, Canal Zone, Canindeyú, Cartago, Cayenne, Cayman Islands, Cayo, Chiapas, Chiquimula, Chiriquií, Chiriquí, Chocó, Chontales, Cienfuegos, Colombia, Comayagua, Costa Rica, Cotopaxi, Cuba, Cuyuni-Mazaruni, Distrito Nacional, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Progreso, El Salvador, Escuintla, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Gracias a Dios, Grand Terre, Grande-Terre, Granma, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guantanamo, Guatemala, Guerrero, Guyana, Haiti, Hato Mayor, Heredia, Hidalgo, Honduras, Huánuco, Independencia, Islas de la Bahía, Itapúa, Izabal, Jalapa, Jalisco, Jamaica, Jinotega, La Libertad, La Paz, Lara, Limón, Loreto, Madre de Dios, Madriz, Magdalena, Marie Galante, Marino, Martinique, Masaya, Matagalpa, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Meta, Miranda, Misiones, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Nicaragua, Nueva Segovia, Oaxaca, Ocotepeque, Ocotopeque, Olancho, Panama, Para, Paraguay, Pedernales, Peru, Petén, Piauí, Pichincha, Port of Spain, Pte. Hayes, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Putumayo, Quetzaltenango, Quiche, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Norte, Región Autónoma del Atlántico Sur, Rio Grande do Sul, Rio de Janeiro, Risaralda, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Salta, San Marcos, San Salvador, Santa Catarina, Santa Cruz, Santa Rosa, Santiago de Cuba, Sao Paulo, Suriname, Territorio Federal Amazonas, Tolima, Trinidad and Tobago, Tucumán, Tungurahua, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela, Veracruz, Zacapa
Oceania Region: Bua, Cakaudrove, Fiji, French Polynesia, Gaga'ifomauga, Guam, Hawaii, Kadavu, Lau, Lomaiviti, Macuata, Marquesas Island, Marshall Islands, Melekeok, Micronesia, Naitaisri, Naitasiri, Namosi, Ngeremlengui, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pohnpei, Ra, Rewa, Samoa, Sera, Serua, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuamasaga, Vanua Levu, Viti Levu, Wallis and Futuna Islands
Palearctic Region: Al Bahah, Al Qasim, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Balearic Islands, Barcelona, Bulgaria, C. Guangdong, Channel Islands, China, Corsica, Croatia, Egypt, France, Fujian, Georgia, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kairouan, Kanagaua, Kanagawa, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Macaronesia, Macedonia, Malta, Montenegro, Morocco, Nagasaki, Nagato, North Korea, Okinawa, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Scotland, Serbia, Spain, Switzerland, Tochigi, Tunisia, United Kingdom, West Hupeh, Yemen, Yunnan

Taxonomic Notes:

Includes the >200 species previously placed in Pyramica.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Strumigenys   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 38, (download) 38 21367
Strumigenys   Lin, C. C. & Wu, W. J., 1996, Revision of the ant genus Strumigenys Fr. Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Taiwan., Chinese Journal of Entomology 16, pp. 137-152: 139-143, (download) 139-143 20244
Strumigenys   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 37, (download) 37 21008
Strumigenys   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 29, (download) 29 23462


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