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Species: Messor structor   (Latreille, 1798) 

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See Also:

Messor structor_cf, Messor structor_cf_gr01, Messor structor tyrrhenus

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2020)

Extant: 1 valid subspecies

Formica structor Latreille, 1798 PDF: 46 (w.m.) FRANCE. Palearctic. Primary type information: Neotype. FRANCE FR020 300m E Gignac S of Brive-la Gaillarde (1°28′E/45°0′N) 01.10.2006 leg. Galkowski Neotypus Top specimen (NHMW) AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Latreille, 1802a: 237 (q.).
Combination in Manica: Jurine, 1807 PDF: 279.
Combination in Atta: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 464.
Combination in Myrmica: Nylander, 1856b PDF: 85.
Combination in Aphaenogaster: Roger, 1863b PDF: 29.
Combination in Messor (Messor): Forel, 1892j PDF: 316.
Combination in Stenamma (Messor): Emery, 1898c PDF: 126.
Combination in Messor: Emery, 1897g: 238; Ruzsky, 1903b PDF: 315.
Senior synonym of Messor aedificator: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 464; Smith, 1858a PDF: 162; Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397; Roger, 1863b PDF: 29; André, 1874c: 203 (in list); Forel, 1874 PDF: 101 (in list); Emery & Emery & Forel, 1879: 462; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 105; Emery, 1921c PDF: 73; Bolton, 1995b: 252; Radchenko, 2016: 171; Steiner et al., 2018 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.04.005 PDF: supplementary material, 6.
Senior synonym of Messor structor turanicus: Dlussky, Soyunov & Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 224; Bolton, 1995b: 257; Radchenko, 2016: 171.
Current subspecies: nominal plus M. s. tyrrhenus.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Macaronesia, Morocco
    Asia: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkey, Uzbekistan
    Europe: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France, Greece, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia, Spain, Switzerland, Ukraine
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Submediterranean SLO


Various open habitats, nests in (stony) ground


no records during last 50 years

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 2 times found in Descampado, 4 times found in Ruderal, 3 times found in Ruderal among crops, 3 times found in village, garden, 3 times found in Meadow, 3 times found in Erial, 3 times found in Parque, 1 times found in Pinus nigra forest, 1 times found in Urban, 2 times found in Jardin, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 10 times Foraging, 5 times Forrajeando, 2 times Nido bajo piedra, 3 times foraging on ground, 3 times Under stone, 3 times Nest open in soil, 2 times nbp, 2 times Sobremelia azedarach, 2 times on the ground, 2 times on ground, 1 times Nest entrance, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 37 times Hand, 26 times search, 2 times by hand, 1 times Manual catch, 1 times pitfall.

Elevations: collected from 10 - 2067 meters, 489 meters average

Collect Date Range: collected between 1904-06-25 and 2019-08-17

Type specimens: Lectotype of Messor structor clivorum: casent0904134; neotype of Messor structor: casent0922404; syntype of Messor structor striaticeps sevani: casent0916939; syntype of Messor structor striaticeps turanica: casent0916940; syntype of Messor barbarus rufitarsis gallica: casent0904131; syntype of Messor barbarus structor korborum: casent0904133; syntype of Messor barbarus structor romana: casent0913227, casent0913228; syntype of Messor rufitarsis darianus: casent0913229; unpublished name: Messor structor transversus: casent0913230

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