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Subfamily: Proceratiinae   Emery, 1895 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 2 tribes, 3 genera, 135 species

Fossil: 1 genus, 11 species

Proceratii Emery, 1895l PDF: 765. Type-genus: Proceratium. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Proceratiinae as poneromorph subfamily of Formicidae: Bolton, 2003 PDF: 48, 178.
Proceratiinae as poneroid subfamily of Formicidae: Ouellette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 365; Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173; Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102; Ward, 2007C PDF: 555.
Tribes of Proceratiinae: Probolomyrmecini, Proceratiini.
Subfamily references
Bolton, 2003 PDF: 48, 178 (diagnosis, synopsis); Ouellette, Fisher, et al. 2006: 359 (phylogeny); Brady, Schultz, et al. 2006: 18173 (phylogeny); Moreau, Bell, et al. 2006: 102 (phylogeny); Ward, 2007C PDF: 555 (classification); Fernández & Arias-Penna, 2008 PDF}: 31 (Neotropical genera key); Yoshimura & Fisher, 2009 PDF: 8 (Malagasy males diagnosis, key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 96 (Taiwan genera key); Keller, 2011 PDF: 1 (morphology, phylogeny).

Identification:

Similar to Ponerinae except that the promesonotal suture is fused and the frontal lobes are elevated (rather than transverse) and frequently reduced. In addition the antennal sockets are exposed in a full-face (frontal) view of the head; and in most species abdominal tergite 4 is much enlarged and vaulted, with abdominal sternite 4 being correspondingly reduced in size.

Notes:

The proceratiines are also specialized predatory ants. The subfamily is represented in California by only one species.

References:

Bolton (1994, 2003); Brown (1958g, 1958j, 1975); Kugler (1991); Ogata (1987a).

(-1 examples)



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