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Genus: Pogonomyrmex   Mayr, 1868 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Extant: 68 species, 9 subspecies

Fossil: 1 species

Pogonomyrmex Mayr, 1868b PDF: 169 . Type-species: Formica badia, by subsequent designation of Wheeler, 1911g PDF: 170. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Pogonomyrmex references
Mayr, 1870b PDF: 970 (all species key); Mayr, 1887 PDF: 608 (all species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 260 (U.S.A. catalogue); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 118 (catalogue); Wheeler, 1902a PDF: 97 (North America species key); Emery, 1921c: 44 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1921c: 48 (Pogonomyrmex (Ephebomyrmex) & Pogonomyrmex (Forelomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Gallardo, 1932c PDF: 95 (Argentina species key); Cole, 1942 PDF}: 364 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Kusnezov, 1949c PDF: 301 (Argentina Pogonomyrmex (Ephebomyrmex) species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 113 (North America species key); Kusnezov, 1951e PDF: 254 (Argentina species key); Kusnezov, 1954e PDF: 85 (Bolivia species key); Creighton, 1957a PDF: 54 (North America Ephebomyrmex); Gregg, 1963: 317 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Cole, 1968}: 21, 38, 155 (North America Pogonomyrmex & Pogonomyrmex (Ephebomyrmex) diagnoses, species revision, keys); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 106, 206 (Neotropical Ephebomyrmex, Pogonomyrmex catalogues); Snelling & Hunt, 1975 PDF: 72 (Chile species key); Smith, 1979: 1353 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982: 442 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Snelling, 1982a PDF: 104 (supplement to Cole, 1968 key); Snelling, 1982a PDF: 108 (North America Pogonomyrmex (Ephebomyrmex) species key); Mackay, Mackay, Dominguez, et al. 1985: 42 (Mexico species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 26 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 33 (U.S.A., Nevada Ephebomyrmex species key); Shattuck, 1987 PDF: 175 (Pogonomyrmex occidentalis complex, key); Taber, 1990 PDF: 307 (U.S.A. species complexes, phylogeny); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 342, 372 (Neotropical catalogue); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1052 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 339 (catalogue); Taber, 1998: 146, 147 (Ephebomyrmex, Pogonomyrmex species key); Fernández & Palacio, 1998 PDF: 1657 (northern South America species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 180 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Lattke, 2006 PDF: 56 (northern South America species key); Johnson & Overson, 2009 PDF: 313 (Pogonomyrmex californicus group key); Cuezzo & Claver, 2009 PDF: 99 (Argentina species key); Johnson, Overson & Moreau, 2013 PDF (Central and western North American Pogonomyrmex californicus species group key).

Taxon Page Images:

Pogonomyrmex rastratus carrying a seed, Amaicha del Valle, Tucumán, Argentina.
Image © Alex Wild.


These are the conspicuous seed-harvesting ants of the New World. Often dominant in arid environments, many form huge societies with large nests that are a recognizable feature of the landscapes they inhabit. Many are renowned for the potency of their sting.
Some lineages of Pogonomyrmex have complicated, genetic caste determination and hybrid lineages are known, e.g. Helms Cahan et al. 2002, 2006.

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-20 08:27:14 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-20 08:26:30 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-20 08:17:52 Zach Lieberman modified Overview

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