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Genus: Pheidole   Westwood, 1839 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

Extant: 1,003 species, 142 subspecies

Fossil: 5 species

Pheidole Westwood, 1839a: 219 . Type-species: Atta providens, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Pheidole in Poneridae, Attidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 172.
Pheidole in Attidae: Smith, 1860a: 74; Smith, 1862a PDF: 49.
Pheidole in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b PDF: 331; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262.
Pheidole in Myrmicidae, Pheidolidae: Emery, 1877b PDF: 81.
Pheidole in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1861 PDF: 69 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 22 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 463 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 88.
Pheidole in Myrmicinae, Pheidolini: Forel, 1893b PDF: 165; Emery, 1914e: 40; Forel, 1917 PDF: 241; Arnold, 1920a PDF: 414; Emery, 1921c: 77; Wheeler, 1922: 661; all subsequent authors except Kempf, 1972b PDF: 183.
Genus Pheidole references
Smith, 1858aSmith, F. 1858a. Catalogue of hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae. London: British Museum, 216 pp. [1858-03-27] PDF 128685: 172 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861Mayr, G. 1861. Die europäischen Formiciden. Nach der analytischen Methode bearbeitet. Wien: C. Gerolds Sohn, 80 pp. [1861] PDF 127189: 70 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863bRoger, J. 1863b. Verzeichniss der Formiciden-Gattungen und Arten. Berliner Entomologische Zeitschrift 7(Beilage):1-65. [1863-06] 128094: 27, 30 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863aMayr, G. 1863a. Formicidarum index synonymicus. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 13:385-460. [1863] PDF 127213: 424, 440 (Ischnomyrmex, Pheidole catalogues); Mayr, 1865Mayr, G. 1865. Formicidae. In: Novara Expedition 1865. Reise der Österreichischen Fregatte "Novara" um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. Zoologischer Theil. Bd. II. Abt. 1. Wien: K. Gerold's Sohn, 119 pp. [1865-12-14] PDF 127193: 18, 22 (Ischnomyrmex, Pheidole diagnoses); Mayr, 1867aMayr, G. 1867a. Adnotationes in monographiam formicidarum Indo-Neerlandicarum. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 10:33-117. [1867] PDF 127217: 92, 96 (Ischnomyrmex, Pheidole diagnoses); Mayr, 1870bMayr, G. 1870b. Neue Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 20:939-996. [1870] PDF 127229: 977, 979 (Australia & New World species keys); Mayr, 1876Mayr, G. 1876. Die australischen Formiciden. Journal des Museum Godeffroy 12:56-115. [1876] PDF 127196: 102 (Australia species key); André, 1883bAndré, Ern. 1883b. Les fourmis. [concl.]. Pp. 345-404 in: André, Edm. 1883. 1881-1886. Species des Hyménoptères d'Europe et d'Algérie. Tome Deuxième. Beaune: Edmond André, 919 + 48 pp. [1883-04] 122254: 382 (Europe & Algeria species key); Mayr, 1879Mayr, G. 1879. Beiträge zur Ameisen-Fauna Asiens. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 28:645-686. [1879] PDF 127197: 674 (Asia species key); Mayr, 1887Mayr, G. 1887. Südamerikanische Formiciden. Verhandlungen der Kaiserlich-Königlichen Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 37:511-632. [1887-09] PDF 127201: 582 (New World species key); Cresson, 1887Cresson, E. T. 1887. Synopsis of the families and genera of the Hymenoptera of America, north of Mexico, together with a catalogue of the described species, and bibliography. Transactions of the American Entomological Society, Suppl. Vol. 1887:1-351. [1887] PDF 123936: 262 (U.S.A., catalogue); Nasonov, 1889Nasonov, N. V. 1889. Contribution to the natural history of the ants primarily of Russia. 1. Contribution to the ant fauna of Russia. [In Russian.]. Izvestiya Imperatorskago Obshchestva Lyubitelei Estestvoznaniya Antropologii i Etnografii pri Imperatorskom Moskovskom Universitete 58:1-78. [1889] 127508: 75 (Russia species key); Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDF 124002: 88, 98 (Pheidole, Pheidolacanthinus catalogues); Emery, 1895dEmery, C. 1895d. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der nordamerikanischen Ameisenfauna. (Schluss). Zoologische Jahrbücher. Abteilung für Systematik, Geographie und Biologie der Tiere 8:257-360. [1895-05-11] PDF 124591: 288 (North America species key); Mayr, 1896Mayr, G. 1896. Beiträge zur Kenntniss der Insektenfauna von Kamerun. 5. Formiciden gesammelt von Herrn Yngve Sjöstedt. Entomologisk Tidskrift 17:225-252. [1896-08-26] PDF 127203: 241 (Africa species, partial key); Emery, 1896gEmery, C. 1896g. Studi sulle formiche della fauna neotropica. XVII-XXV. Bullettino della Società Entomologica Italiana 28:33-107. [1896-10-31] PDF 124611: 80 (Pheidole flavens group, key); Forel, 1902cForel, A. 1902c. Myrmicinae nouveaux de l'Inde et de Ceylan. Revue Suisse de Zoologie 10:165-249. [1902-06-30] PDF 125121: 165 (India species key); Forel, 1902gForel, A. 1902g. Les Formicides de l'Empire des Indes et de Ceylan. Part IX. Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 14:520-546. [1902-10-18] PDF 125126: 523 (India & Sri Lanka species key); Bingham, 1903Bingham, C. T. 1903. The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Hymenoptera, Vol. II. Ants and Cuckoo-wasps. London: Taylor and Francis, 506 pp. [1903] PDF 122766: 223 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Wheeler, 1908aWheeler, W. M. 1908a. The ants of Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 24:117-158. [1908-02-07] 130024: 133 (Puerto Rico species key); Arnold, 1920aArnold, G. 1920a. A monograph of the Formicidae of South Africa. Part IV. Myrmicinae. Annals of the South African Museum 14:403-578. [1920-04-16] PDF 122328: 414 (diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01] 124749: 78 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01] 124749: 81 (Pheidole (Macropheidole) & Pheidole (Pheidolacanthinus) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1921cEmery, C. 1921c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174A:1-94 + 7 plates. [1921-06-01] 124749: 83 (Pheidole (Stegopheidole) diagnosis, catalogue); Mann, 1921Mann, W. M. 1921. The ants of the Fiji Islands. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 64:401-499. [1921-02] PDF 127072: 442 (Fiji Is species key); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 110 (Pheidole (Elasmopheidole) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 111 (Pheidole (Trachypheidole) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 112 (Pheidole (Scrobopheidole), Pheidole (Decapheidole) & Pheidole (Ceratopheidole) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 113 (Ischnomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 114 (Epipheidole diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 115 (Sympheidole, Parapheidole diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922cEmery, C. 1922c. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Myrmicinae. [part]. Genera Insectorum 174B:95-206. [1922-09-02] PDF 124756: 116 (Anergatides diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 126, 672 (diagnosis, subgenera key); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 806, 879 (Afrotropical Pheidole, Anergatides catalogues); Wheeler, 1922Wheeler, W. M. 1922. Ants of the American Museum Congo expedition. New York: Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 1139. 133015: 1017, 1021 (Malagasy Pheidole, Parapheidole catalogues); Gallardo, 1932dGallardo, A. 1932d. El subgénero Elasmopheidole en la República Argentina (Himenopteros Formicidos). Revista Chilena de Historia Natural 36:178-182. [1932] PDF 125433: 179 (Argentina Elasmopheidole species key); Finzi, 1936Finzi, B. 1936. Risultati scientifici della spedizione di S. A. S. il Principe Alessandro della Torre e Tasso nell'Egitto e peninsola del Sinai. XI. Formiche. Bulletin. Société Entomologique d'Egypte 20:155-210. [1936-12-28] PDF 124917: 165 (Egypt species key); Menozzi, 1939aMenozzi, C. 1939a. Formiche dell'Himalaya e del Karakorum raccolte dalla Spedizione italiana comandata da S. A. R. il Duca di Spoleto (1929). Atti della Società Italiana di Scienze Naturali e del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Milano 78:285-345. [1939-10] PDF 127381: 298 (Himalaya species key); Cole, 1942Cole, A. C., Jr. 1942. The ants of Utah. American Midland Naturalist 28:358-388. [1942-10-13] PDF 123672: 362 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Buren, 1944aBuren, W. F. 1944a. A list of Iowa ants. Iowa State College Journal of Science 18:277-312. [1944-04] PDF 123329: 285 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDF 123910: 163 (North America species key); Creighton, 1950aCreighton, W. S. 1950a. The ants of North America. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 104:1-585. [1950-04] PDF 123910: 192, 194 (North America Epipheidole, Sympheidole species); Chapman & Capco, 1951Chapman, J. W.; Capco, S. R. 1951. Check list of the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of Asia. Monographs of the Institute of Science and Technology. Manila 1:1-327. [1951] PDF 123583: 135, 137 (Asia Ceratopheidole, Conothorax, Ischnomyrmex, Pheidole checklists); Kusnezov, 1952dKusnezov, N. 1952d ("1951"). El género Pheidole en la Argentina (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Acta Zoologica Lilloana 12:5-88. [1952-10-15] PDF 126629: 61 (Argentina species key); Smith, 1955dSmith, M. R. 1955d. Ants of the genus Pheidole, subgenus Hendecapheidole (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 57:301-305. [1955-12-22] PDF 128843: 302 (Pheidole (Hendecapheidole) species key); Gregg, 1959Gregg, R. E. 1959 ("1958"). Key to the species of Pheidole (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the United States. Journal of the New York Entomological Society 66:7-48. [1959-01-20] PDF 125686: 9 (U.S.A. species key); Gregg, 1963Gregg, R. E. 1963. The ants of Colorado, with reference to their ecology, taxonomy, and geographic distribution. Boulder: University of Colorado Press, xvi + 792 pp. [1963] 125667: 407 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963Wheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1963. The ants of North Dakota. Grand Forks, North Dakota: University of North Dakota Press, viii + 326 pp. [1963] 129848: 126 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Bernard, 1967aBernard, F. 1967a ("1968"). Faune de l'Europe et du Bassin Méditerranéen. 3. Les fourmis (Hymenoptera Formicidae) d'Europe occidentale et septentrionale. Paris: Masson, 411 pp. [1967-11] PDF 122660: 149 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Gregg, 1969bGregg, R. E. 1969b. New species of Pheidole from Pacific Coast islands (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Entomological News 80:93-101. [1969-05-02] PDF 125688: 95 (addition to Gregg, 1959 U.S.A. key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDF 126357: 183 (Neotropical catalogue); Alayo, 1974Alayo, P. 1974. Introducción al estudio de los Himenópteros de Cuba. Superfamilia Formicoidea. Serie Biológica. Academia de Ciencias de Cuba 53:1-58. [1974] 122161: 11 (Cuba species key); Smith, 1979Smith, D. R. 1979. Superfamily Formicoidea. Pp. 1323-1467 in: Krombein, K. V.; Hurd, P. D.; Smith, D. R.; Burks, B. D. (eds.) 1979. Catalog of Hymenoptera in America north of Mexico. Volume 2. Apocrita (Aculeata). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, pp. i-xvi, 1199-2209. [1979] 128659: 1365 (North America catalogue); Allred, 1982Allred, D. M. 1982. Ants of Utah. Great Basin Naturalist 42:415-511. [1982-12-31] 122181: 441 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Ogata, 1982Ogata, K. 1982. Taxonomic study of the ant genus Pheidole Westwood of Japan, with a description of a new species (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Kontyû 50:189-197. [1982-06-25] PDF 127572: 191 (Japan species key); Collingwood, 1985Collingwood, C. A. 1985. Hymenoptera: Fam. Formicidae of Saudi Arabia. Fauna of Saudi Arabia 7:230-302. [1985] PDF 123767: 253 (Saudi Arabia species key); Naves, 1985Naves, M. A. 1985. A monograph of the genus Pheidole in Florida, USA (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Insecta Mundi 1:53-90. [1985-03] PDF 127513: 54 (U.S.A., Florida species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985] 129218: 74 (Australia catalogue); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986gWheeler, G. C.; Wheeler, J. 1986g. The ants of Nevada. Los Angeles: Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, vii + 138 pp. [1986] PDF 129925: 41 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDF 129202: 53 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987bAgosti, D.; Collingwood, C. A. 1987b. A provisional list of the Balkan ants (Hym. Formicidae) with a key to the worker caste. II. Key to the worker caste, including the European species without the Iberian. Mitteilungen der Schweizerischen Entomologischen Gesellschaft 60:261-293. [1987-12-15] PDF 122149: 271 (Balkans species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990Hölldobler, B.; Wilson, E. O. 1990. The ants. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, xii + 732 pp. 122852: 15 (synoptic classification); Kupyanskaya, 1990aKupyanskaya, A. N. 1990a. Ants of the Far Eastern USSR. [In Russian.]. Vladivostok: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, 258 pp. [1990-09-13>] 126604: 123 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Brandão, 1991Brandão, C. R. F. 1991. Adendos ao catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 35:319-412. [1991-08-31] PDF 122994: 368 (Neotropical catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 22 (Japan species key); Bolton, 1994Bolton, B. 1994. Identification guide to the ant genera of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 222 pp. [1994-07-25] 122834: 106 (synoptic classification); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 345 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 316 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995aWu, J.; Wang, C. 1995a. The ants of China. [In Chinese.]. Beijing: China Forestry Publishing House, x + 214 pp. [1995-06] 130487: 99 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996Collingwood, C. A.; Agosti, D. 1996. Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) of Saudi Arabia (part 2). Fauna of Saudi Arabia 15:300-385. [1996-04-15] PDF 130931: 322 (Saudi Arabia species key); Park & Kim, 2000: 109 (Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01] 132308: 152 (Australia synopsis); Eguchi, 1999Eguchi, K. 1999. Pheidole longipes (Fr. Smith) and two closely related species from Kinabalu Park, Sabah, Borneo (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Japanese Journal of Systematic Entomology 5:97-104. [1999-05-15] 131167: 103 (Borneo Pheidole longipes group, key); Ward, 2000AWard, P. S. 2000A. On the identity of Pheidole vaslitii Pergande (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), a neglected ant from Baja California. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 9:85-98. [2000-05-05] PDF 132568: 96 (U.S.A. Pheidole hyatti complex, key); Zhou, 2001AZhou, S. 2001A. Ants of Guangxi. [In Chinese.]. Guilin, China: Guangxi Normal University Press, 255 pp. [2001-09-01] PDF 132709: 121 (China, Guangxi species key); Eguchi, 2001BEguchi, K. 2001B. A revision of the Bornean species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Tropics Monograph Series 2:1-154. [2001-07-30] PDF 131173: 10 (Borneo species key); ; Mackay & MacKay, 2002Mackay, W.; MacKay, E. 2002. The ants of New Mexico (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Lewiston, New York: Edwin Mellen Press, 400 pp. [2002-12] PDF 131795: 149 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key)Wilson, 2003AWilson, E. O. 2003A. Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, [ix] + 794 pp. [2003-03] 132624: 27 (New World, all species revision, keys); Sarnat, 2008Sarnat, E. M. 2008. A taxonomic revision of the Pheidole roosevelti-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Fiji. Zootaxa 1767:1-36. [2008-05-12] PDF 132201: 8 (Fiji Is Pheidole roosevelti group, key); Eguchi, 2008Eguchi, K. 2008. A revision of Northern Vietnamese species of the ant genus Pheidole (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Zootaxa 1902:1-118. [2008-10-15] PDF 131171: 8 (North Vietnam species key); Terayama, 2009Terayama, M. 2009. A synopsis of the family Formicidae of Taiwan (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Research Bulletin of Kanto Gakuen University. Liberal Arts 17:81-266. [2009] PDF 132431: 171 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDF 131481: 169 (south-western Australia species key); Sarnat & Moreau, 2011Sarnat, E. M.; Moreau, C. S. 2011. Biogeography and morphological evolution in a Pacific island ant radiation. Molecular Ecology 20:114-130. [2011-01] PDF 132750: 114 (Pheidole roosevelti group phylogeny and radiation); Fischer, et al. 2012: 9 (Afrotropical Pheidole pulchella group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012Sarnat, E. M.; Economo, E. P. 2012. The ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology 132:1-384. [2012-09-01] PDF 142254: 93 (Fiji species key); Economo, Klimov, Sarnat, Guénard, Weiser, Lecroq & Knowles, 2015Economo, E. P.; Klimov, P.; Sarnat, E. M.; Guénard, B.; Weiser, M. D.; Lecroq, B.; Knowles, L. L. 2015. Global phylogenetic structure of the hyperdiverse ant genus Pheidole reveals the repeated evolution of macroecological patterns. Proceedings of the Royal Entomological Society of London. Series B 282:20141416, 10 pp. PDF 142718: 1 (global phylogeny)

Taxon Page Images:

Pheidole morrisi (Orlando, Florida, USA).
Image copyright Alex Wild.

Distribution:


African Region: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Macaronesia, Mali, Mozambique, Namibia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Saint Helena, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Australian Region: Australia, Barrow Island, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Zealand, Norfolk Island, Queensland, Solomon Islands, Western Australia
Eurasian Region: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Bulgaria, China, Crete, Croatia, Denmark, Egypt, Ethiopia, France, Gibraltar, Greece, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Macedonia, Malta, Monaco, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Oman, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom
Malagasy Region: Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Mayotte, Reunion, Seychelles
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Baja California, British Columbia, California, Colorado, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington
Neotropical Region: Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Saint Lucia, Saint Martin, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Venezuela
Pacific Islands Region: American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Indonesia, Kiribati, Malaysia, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Pitcairn, Samoa, Singapore, Tokelau, Tonga, Tuvalu, Vanuatu, Wallis and Futuna Islands
South East Asia Region: Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Krakatau Islands, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Xishuangbanna

Taxon Page Author History

On 2012-04-21 07:26:00 Alex Wild modified Images
On 2012-04-21 07:24:38 Alex Wild modified Images
On 2012-04-21 07:22:05 Alex Wild modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pheidole   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 169-170, (download) 169-170 6734
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 126-127, (download) 126-127 20597
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 61-62, (download) 61-62 6175
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 172-173, (download) 172-173 8127
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Sarnat, E. M., 2008, A taxonomic revision of the Pheidole roosevelti-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Fiji., Zootaxa 1767, pp. 1-36: 7-11, (download) 7-11 21683
Pheidole   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 35, (download) 35 21008
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367
Pheidole   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 23-24, (download) 23-24 23462
Pheidole   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 35, (download) 35 21367

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