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Species: Camponotus pennsylvanicus   (De Geer, 1773) 

Classification:
Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Formica pensylvanica De Geer, 1773 PDF: 603, pl. 31, figs. 9, 10 (s.w.q.m.) U.S.A. Nearctic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

[Spelling justifiably emended to Camponotus pennsylvanica: Buckley, 1866 PDF: 155.].
Combination in Camponotus: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 666; in Camponotus (Camponotus): Forel, 1914a PDF: 266.

Taxon Page Images:

The eastern black carpenter ant Camponotus pennsylvanicus (Urbana, Illinois).
Image copyright Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists)
Afrotropical Region: South Africa
Nearctic Region: Canada, United States
Neotropical Region: Bermuda
Palearctic Region: Greece

Distribution Notes:

NEARCTIC: USA (MA) Southern Canada S. to Gulf Coast States (excluding pennisular Florida) W. to central TX and N. to Dakota

Biology:

Woodland, forest (including floodplain forest canopy), parks, campuses. Nests in dead wood of living trees. Forages on trees and on ground day and night, more abundantly at night.

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in deciduous forest, 0 times found in peripheral to cultivated cotton, 0 times found in mixed mesic forest ravine, 29 times found in mixed hardwood forest, 5 times found in mixed forest, 0 times found in in swamp, 3 times found in oak area, 2 times found in oak grove, 10 times found in bottomland hardwood forest, 13 times found in Quercus alba stump, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 3 times strays, 5 times litter, 2 times hardwood trees, 1 times nests under bark of dead and down tree, 1 times nest under rock, 2 times in dead wood, 1 times foragers on low foliage, 2 times foragers on ground, 1 times stray foragers on oak, 1 times nesting in empty garden pots, 1 times in trash can, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 31 times pitfall trap, 1 times on silver poplar tree (Populus alba), 3 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan and alpha pinene, 12 times Lindgren funnel, 7 times bait trap, 0 times malaise trap, 2 times Lindgren funnel baited with Typosan, 17 times Search, 2 times blacklight trap, 7 times hand collecting, 2 times under bark of log, ...

Elevations: collected from 5 - 3200 meters, 522 meters average

Type specimens:



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