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Genus: Pachycondyla

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2014)

Extant: 264 species, 61 subspecies

Fossil: 18 species

Pachycondyla Smith, 1858a PDF: 105 . Type-species: Formica crassinoda, by subsequent designation of Emery, 1901b PDF: 42. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pachycondyla in Poneridae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 105; Smith, 1871b PDF: 324.
Pachycondyla in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865: 13 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 32.
Pachycondyla in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Forel, 1895b PDF: 114; Forel, 1899b: 10; Wheeler, 1910a: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 73 [subtribe Pachycondylini]; Arnold, 1915: 53; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237; Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Genus Pachycondyla references
Mayr, 1862 PDF: 719 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b: 16, 17, 18 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397, 428, 439, 440 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 13, 15 (Bothroponera, Pachycondyla, Megaponera, Paltothyreus diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 82 (Bothroponera diagnosis); Mayr, 1870a PDF: 396 (Colombia + Panama (? = New Grenada) species key); Emery, 1887e: 18 (footnote) (Asia & Australia Bothroponera species key); Emery, 1890b: 71 (Neotropical species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 30, 31, 32, 35 (Ectomomyrmex, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Paltothyreus, Pachycondyla, Bothroponera catalogues); Forel, 1900f PDF: 321 (India & Sri Lanka Ectomomyrmex species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 86, 91, 96, 101 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Ectomomyrmex, Pseudoponera, Bothroponera, Brachyponera species keys); Emery, 1911e PDF: 62 (Paltothyreus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 67 (Megaponera diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 69 (Megaponera (Hagensia) and Ophthalmopone diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1911e PDF: 70 (Neoponera diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 73 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 (Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 78 (Pachycondyla (Ectomomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 80 (Euponera diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 80 (Euponera (Mesoponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 83 (Euponera (Brachyponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 84 (Euponera (Trachymesopus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 86 (Pseudoponera diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 43, 46, 49, 53, 63 (Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Pachycondyla, Euponera diagnoses); Arnold, 1915: 50, 55, 64 (South Africa Ophthalmopone, Bothroponera, Euponera (Mesoponera) species keys); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 56, 66 (Argentina Neoponera, Mesoponera, keys); Wheeler, 1922: 72 (Afrotropical Bothroponera species key); Wheeler, 1922: 60, 63, 69, 81 (Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Bothroponera, Euponera diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 763, 766, 768, 769, 774, 780 (Afrotropical Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Bothroponera, Ectomomyrmex, Euponera, Pseudoponera, Cryptopone catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1007, 1008 (Malagasy Bothroponera, Euponera catalogues); Arnold, 1926 PDF: 203 (South Africa Hagensia species key); Santschi, 1935b: 259 (Africa Mesoponera, key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 45 (North America Euponera species key); Arnold, 1951 PDF: 53 (Hagensia species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 49, 60, 63, 74 (Asia Bothroponera, Ectmomomyrmex, Euponera, Pseudoponera checklists); Arnold, 1952a PDF: 461 (South Africa Bothroponera, key); Bernard, 1953b PDF: 191 (Guinea Euponera (Xiphopelta) species key); Brown, 1958h PDF: 20 (New Zealand species); Wilson, 1958g PDF: 346, 362 (Melanesia Brachyponera, Ectomomyrmex species keys); Kempf, 1961b PDF: 192 (Brazil species key); Brown, 1963: 6, 9 (reviews of Trachymesopus & Ectomomyrmex); Kempf, 1964e PDF: 51 (Neotropical Pachycondyla species key); Kusnezov, 1969 PDF: 36 (Argentina Neoponera species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 141, 160, 174, 248, 251, 257 (Neotropical Mesoponera, Neoponera, Pachycondyla, Termitopone, Trachymesopus, Wadeura catalogues); Alayo, 1974: 7 (Cuba species key); Smith, 1979: 1339, 1341 (North America, Pachycondyla, Brachyponera catalogues); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 21, 23, 28, 29, 34, 34, 52 (Australia, catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 9, 23, 26, 39, 80 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1989: 18 (Japan Ectomomyrmex, Brachyponera, Trachymesopus species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 354, 360, 365, 381, 382 (Neotropical catalogue); Xu, 1994b PDF: 182 (China Brachyponera species key); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 166, 302 (Cryptopone, Pachycondyla catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 45 (China species key); Xu, 1995b: 104 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 310 (Pachycondyla Saudi Arabia species key); Kim, Kim & Kim K, 1998: 147 (Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999: 196 (Australia fauna synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 35 (China, Guangxi species key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 424 (wingless female fossils, diagnosis); Wild, 2003 PDF: 4 (Paraguay species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 165 (synopsis); Wild, 2005 PDF: 5 (Pachycondyla apicalis complex key); Yamane, 2007: 652 (Pachycondyla nigrita species group key); Mackay & Mackay & Fernández & Arias-Penna, in Fernández, 2008A PDF: 172 (Neotropical species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 108 (Taiwan species keys); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 134 (south-western Australia species key); MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 26, 107 (New World Pachycondyla species revision, species complexes key and species key); Dlussky & Wedmann, 2012 PDF: 746 (Germany Eocene fossils key); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013 PDF (sikorae-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 104; Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Madagascar wasmannii-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 449; Fernandes, Oliveira & Delabie, 2014 PDF (foetida-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 134.

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