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Genus: Pachycondyla   Smith, 1858 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2015)

Extant: 17 species

Fossil: 17 species

Pachycondyla Smith, 1858a PDF: 105 . Type-species: Formica crassinoda, by subsequent designation of Emery, 1901b PDF: 42. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Pachycondyla in Poneridae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 105; Smith, 1871b PDF: 324.
Pachycondyla in Ponerinae: Mayr, 1862 PDF: 713 [Poneridae]; Mayr, 1865: 13 [Poneridae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF}: 32.
Pachycondyla in Ponerinae, Ponerini: Emery, 1895l PDF: 767; Forel, 1895b PDF: 114; Forel, 1899B: 10; Wheeler, 1910a: 135; Emery, 1911e PDF: 73 [subtribe Pachycondylini]; Arnold, 1915: 53; Forel, 1917 PDF: 237; Wheeler, 1922: 648; all subsequent authors.
Genus Pachycondyla references
Mayr, 1862 PDF: 719 (diagnosis); Roger, 1863b: 16, 17, 18 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 397, 428, 439, 440 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865: 13, 15 (Bothroponera, Pachycondyla, Megaponera, Paltothyreus diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 82 (Bothroponera diagnosis); Mayr, 1870a PDF: 396 (Colombia + Panama (? = New Grenada) species key); Emery, 1887f PDF: 18 (footnote) (Asia & Australia Bothroponera species key); Emery, 1890b: 71 (Neotropical species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 30, 31, 32, 35 (Ectomomyrmex, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Paltothyreus, Pachycondyla, Bothroponera catalogues); Forel, 1900f PDF: 321 (India & Sri Lanka Ectomomyrmex species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 86, 91, 96, 101 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Ectomomyrmex, Pseudoponera, Bothroponera, Brachyponera species keys); Emery, 1911e PDF: 62 (Paltothyreus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 67 (Megaponera diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 69 (Megaponera (Hagensia) and Ophthalmopone diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1911e PDF: 70 (Neoponera diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 73 (diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 75 (Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 78 (Pachycondyla (Ectomomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 80 (Euponera diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 80 (Euponera (Mesoponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 83 (Euponera (Brachyponera) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 84 (Euponera (Trachymesopus) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1911e PDF: 86 (Pseudoponera diagnosis, catalogue); Arnold, 1915: 43, 46, 49, 53, 63 (Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Pachycondyla, Euponera diagnoses); Arnold, 1915: 50, 55, 64 (South Africa Ophthalmopone, Bothroponera, Euponera (Mesoponera) species keys); Gallardo, 1918c PDF: 56, 66 (Argentina Neoponera, Mesoponera, keys); Wheeler, 1922: 72 (Afrotropical Bothroponera species key); Wheeler, 1922: 60, 63, 69, 81 (Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Bothroponera, Euponera diagnoses); Wheeler, 1922: 763, 766, 768, 769, 774, 780 (Afrotropical Paltothyreus, Megaponera, Ophthalmopone, Bothroponera, Ectomomyrmex, Euponera, Pseudoponera, Cryptopone catalogues); Wheeler, 1922: 1007, 1008 (Malagasy Bothroponera, Euponera catalogues); Arnold, 1926 PDF: 203 (South Africa Hagensia species key); Santschi, 1935b: 259 (Africa Mesoponera, key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 45 (North America Euponera species key); Arnold, 1951 PDF: 53 (Hagensia species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 49, 60, 63, 74 (Asia Bothroponera, Ectmomomyrmex, Euponera, Pseudoponera checklists); Arnold, 1952a PDF: 461 (South Africa Bothroponera, key); Bernard, 1953b PDF: 191 (Guinea Euponera (Xiphopelta) species key); Brown, 1958h PDF: 20 (New Zealand species); Wilson, 1958g PDF: 346, 362 (Melanesia Brachyponera, Ectomomyrmex species keys); Kempf, 1961b PDF: 192 (Brazil species key); Brown, 1963: 6, 9 (reviews of Trachymesopus & Ectomomyrmex); Kempf, 1964e PDF: 51 (Neotropical Pachycondyla species key); Kusnezov, 1969 PDF: 36 (Argentina Neoponera species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 141, 160, 174, 248, 251, 257 (Neotropical Mesoponera, Neoponera, Pachycondyla, Termitopone, Trachymesopus, Wadeura catalogues); Alayo, 1974: 7 (Cuba species key); Smith, 1979: 1339, 1341 (North America, Pachycondyla, Brachyponera catalogues); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 21, 23, 28, 29, 34, 34, 52 (Australia, catalogue); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 9, 23, 26, 39, 80 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand checklists); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1989: 18 (Japan Ectomomyrmex, Brachyponera, Trachymesopus species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 354, 360, 365, 381, 382 (Neotropical catalogue); Xu, 1994b PDF: 182 (China Brachyponera species key); Bolton, 1994: 164 (synoptic classification); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 166, 302 (Cryptopone, Pachycondyla catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 45 (China species key); Xu, 1995b: 104 (China species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 310 (Pachycondyla Saudi Arabia species key); Kim, Kim & Kim K, 1998: 147 (Korea species key); Shattuck, 1999: 196 (Australia fauna synopsis); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 35 (China, Guangxi species key); Dlussky & Rasnitsyn, 2003 PDF: 424 (wingless female fossils, diagnosis); Wild, 2003 PDF: 4 (Paraguay species key); Bolton, 2003 PDF: 165 (synopsis); Wild, 2005 PDF: 5 (Neoponera apicalis complex key); Yamane, 2007: 652 (Brachyponera nigrita species group key); Mackay & Mackay & Fernández & Arias-Penna, in Fernández, 2008A PDF: 172 (Neotropical species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 108 (Taiwan species keys); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 134 (south-western Australia species key); MacKay & MacKay, 2010 PDF: 26, 107 (New World Pachycondyla species revision, species complexes key and species key); Dlussky & Wedmann, 2012 PDF: 746 (Germany Eocene fossils key); Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013 PDF (sikorae-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 104; Rakotonirina & Fisher, 2013 PDF (Madagascar wasmannii-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 449; Fernandes, Oliveira & Delabie, 2014 PDF (foetida-group diagnosis, revision, species key): 134; Schmidt & Shattuck, 2014 PDF: 152 (diagnosis, synoptic description, distribution, ecology and behavior, phylogenetic and taxonomic considerations).

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Pachycondyla   Clark, J., 1930, New Formicidae, with notes on some little-known species., Proceedings of the Royal Society of Victoria 43, pp. 2-25: 11, (download) 11 6104
Pachycondyla   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 105, (download) 105 8127
Pachycondyla   Yoshimura, M. & Fisher, B. L., 2007, A revision of male ants of the Malagasy region (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Key to subfamilies and treatment of the genera of Ponerinae., Zootaxa 1654, pp. 21-40: 34-38, (download) 34-38 21365
Pachycondyla   Mayr, G., 1862, Myrmecologische Studien., Verhandlungen der Zoologisch-Botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 12, pp. 649-776: 719, (download) 719 4445

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