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Genus: Myrmica   Latreille, 1804 

Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Extant: 188 valid species, 1 valid subspecies

Fossil: 11 valid species

Myrmica Latreille, 1804: 179. Type-species: Formica rubra, by subsequent designation of Latreille, 1810 PDF: 437; see also Yarrow, 1955c PDF: 113. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Myrmica in Poneridae, Myrmicidae: Smith, 1858a PDF: 114.
Myrmica in Myrmicidae: Smith, 1871b PDF: 324; Cresson, 1887 PDF: 260.
Myrmica in Myrmicinae: Mayr, 1855 PDF: 396 [Myrmicidae]; Smith, 1857a PDF: 70 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1861 PDF: 62 [Myrmicidae]; Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19 [Myrmicidae]; Emery & Forel, 1879a: 460 [Myrmicidae]; Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 108.
Genus Myrmica references
Mayr, 1855 PDF: 396, 397 (diagnosis, Austria species key); Smith, 1858a PDF: 114 (diagnosis); Mayr, 1861 PDF: 62 (Europe species key); Roger, 1863b PDF: 28 (catalogue); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 429 (catalogue); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19 (diagnosis); Forel, 1874 PDF: 75 (Switzerland species key); André, 1883a: 315 (Europe & Algeria species key); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 260 (U.S.A. catalogue); Provancher, 1887: 246 (Canada species key); Nasonov, 1889: 71 (Russia species key); Lameere, 1892: 68 (Belgium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 108 (catalogue); Forel, 1903a PDF: 696 (India species key); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 267 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma species key); Ruzsky, 1905b: 652 (Russian Empire species key); Wasmann, 1906 PDF: 15 (Luxemburg species key); Emery, 1908a PDF: 165 (Palaearctic species key); Bondroit, 1910 PDF: 493 (Belgium species key); Stitz, 1914 PDF: 70 (Central Europe species key); Donisthorpe, 1915f: 110 (Britain species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 121 (Italy species key); Wheeler, 1916r: 581 (U.S.A., Connecticut species key); Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 98 (France & Belgium species key); Emery, 1921c: 36 (diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 117 (Sifolinia diagnosis, catalogue); Finzi, 1926 PDF: 77 (diagnosis, European species key); Kuznetsov-Ugamsky, 1927e PDF: 190 (Turkestan species key); Karavaiev, 1927d: 258 (Ukraine species key); Donisthorpe, 1927c: 118 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1933a: 599 (Russia species key); Arnol'di, 1934 PDF: 151 (former European U.S.S.R. species, biometrics); Karavaiev, 1934: 63 (Ukraine species key); Menozzi, 1939a PDF: 293 (Himalaya & Tibet species key); Stitz, 1939: 74 (Germany species key); Kratochvíl, 1941b PDF: 75 (Central Europe species key); Novák & Sadil, 1941 PDF: 75 (Central Europe species key); Cole, 1942 PDF: 367 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Holgersen, 1943c PDF: 168 (Norway species key); Holgersen, 1944a PDF: 199 (Norway species key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 281 (U.S.A., Iowa species key); Boven, 1947: 175 (Belgium species key); Weber, 1947b PDF: 444 (North America species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 92 (North America species key); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 124 (Asia checklist); Sadil, 1952 PDF: 264 (Czechia & Slovakia species key); Collingwood, 1958d PDF: 65 (Britain species key); Boven, 1959: 7 (Netherlands species key); Gregg, 1963: 290 (U.S.A., Colorado species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1963: 96 (U.S.A., North Dakota species key); Collingwood, 1964b PDF: 101 (Britain species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 107 (diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 156 (Sifolinia diagnosis); Boven, 1970b: 16 (Netherlands species key); Arnol'di, 1970b PDF: 1832 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Kutter, 1973d PDF: 253 (morphology, satellite genera, Sifolinia, Sommimyrma, Symbiomyrma, key to first); Bolton & Collingwood, 1975: 5 (Britain species key); Arnol'di, 1976a PDF: 554 (central Asia & Kazakhstan species key); Tarbinsky, 1976 PDF: 20 (Kyrghyzstan species key); Boven, 1977 PDF: 94 (Belgium species key); Kutter, 1977c: 43 (Switzerland species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 530 (former European U.S.S.R. species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 78 (Iberian Peninsula species key); Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 41 (Fennoscandia & Denmark species key); Smith, 1979: 1347, 1351 (North America Myrmica, Paramyrmica catalogues); Francoeur, 1981c PDF: 755 (Myrmica lampra group); Allred, 1982: 440 (U.S.A., Utah species key); Gösswald, 1985: 294 (Germany species key); Wheeler & Wheeler, 1986g PDF: 22 (U.S.A., Nevada species key); Kupyanskaya, 1986a PDF: 83 (Far Eastern Russia Myrmica lobicornis group, key); Nilsson & Douwes, 1987: 62 (Norway species key); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 267 (Balkans species key); Seifert, 1988b: 43 (Europe, Asia Minor & Caucasus species key); Bolton, 1988a PDF: 3 (diagnosis, review of genus, venation); Dlussky et al., 1990 PDF: 181 (Turkmenistan species key); Kupyanskaya, 1990a: 92 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 8 (Japan species key); Atanasov & Dlussky, 1992: 80 (Bulgaria species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 20 (Armenia species key); Radchenko, 1994b: 105 (South Siberia species key); Radchenko, 1994d PDF: 130 (Central & Eastern Palaearctic species key); Douwes, 1995: 86 (Sweden species key); Bolton, 1994: 106 (synoptic classification); Kupyanskaya, 1995: 337 (Far Eastern Russia species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 277 (catalogue); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 91 (China species key); Seifert, 1996B: 140 (Central Europe species key); Skinner & Allen, 1996: 45 (Britain species key); Radchenko, Czechowski & Czechowsa, 1997: 481 (Poland species key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 12 (Portugal species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 1998 PDF: 3 (Myrmica ritae group, key); Elmes & Radchenko, 1998 PDF: 218 (Taiwan species key); Wei et al., 2001 PDF: 561 (China species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2001: 262 (Himalaya species key); Czechowski et al., 2002 PDF: 141 (Poland species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2003A PDF: 239 (Palaearctic socially parasitic species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 133 (U.S.A., New Mexico species key); Radchenko, 2005B PDF: 192 (North Korea species key); Radchenko et al., 2006 PDF: 43 (Vietnam species key); Radchenko et al., 2006 PDF: 531 (Palaearctic Myrmica schencki group key); Seifert, 2007: 131 (North and Central Europe species key); Francoeur, 2007 PDF: 156 (Myrmica punctiventris group key); Radchenko et al., 2007 PDF: 1497 (late Eocene amber species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 160 (Taiwan species key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2009A PDF: 85 (Myrmica pachei group key); Radchenko & Elmes, 2010 PDF: 713 (Palaearctic, Oriental, all species revision, keys); Czechowski, Radchenko, et al. 2012: 357 (Poland species key); Czekes et al., 2013 PDF (Romania species key); Bharti & Sharma, 2013 PDF (inezae-group species key); Chen et al., 2016 10.3897/zookeys.551.6005 PDF (China species key and checklist, old world Myrmica pachei-group species key); Bharti et al., 2016 10.3897/zookeys.605.9087 PDF: 113 (socially-parasitic Himalayan species key); Cantone, 2017 PDF: 216 (brief male diagnosis)

Taxon Page Images:



Myrmica sp. Urbana, Illinois, USA.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Algeria, Morocco
    Americas: Brazil, Canada, Mexico, United States
    Asia: Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Borneo, China, Georgia, India, Indonesia, Iran, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, North Korea, Pakistan, South Korea, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Vietnam
    Europe: Albania, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, United Kingdom
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic
  Native biogeographic regions (according to species list records):
    Indomalaya, Nearctic, Neotropical, Palearctic

Comments:

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Myrmica   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 21, (download) 21 23462
Myrmica   Smith, F., 1851, List of the specimens of British animals in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. - Hymenoptera Aculeata., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 5, (download) 5 8200
Myrmica   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 113, (download) 113 4764
Myrmica   Förster, A., 1850, Hymenopterologische Studien. 1. Formicariae., Aachen: Unknown Publisher, pp. -1--1: 48, (download) 48 8138
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 15, (download) 15 21008
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 34-35, (download) 34-35 21008
Pheidole pallidula   Emery, C., 1915, Les Pheidole du groupe megacephala (Formicidae)., Revue de Zoologie Africaine 4, pp. 223-250: 226, (download) 226 3875
Myrmica   Nylander, W., 1846, Adnotationes in monographiam formicarum borealium Europae., Acta Societatis Scientiarum Fennicae 2, pp. 875-944: 925-926, (download) 925-926 4277
Myrmica   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 40-48, (download) 40-48 6175
Myrmica   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum, pp. -1--1: 114, (download) 114 8127
Myrmica   Jerdon, T. C., 1851, A catalogue of the species of ants found in southern India., Madras Journal of Literature and Science 17, pp. 103-127: 104, (download) 104 4764
Myrmica   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008


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