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Genus: Monomorium   Mayr, 1855 


Classification:

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)

Extant: 358 species, 27 subspecies

Fossil: 3 species

Monomorium Mayr, 1855 PDF: 452. Type-species: Monomorium monomorium (replacement name for Monomorium minutum, junior secondary homonym in Monomorium), by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Genus Monomorium references
Roger, 1863b: 30, 31 (Phacota, Monomorium catalogues); Mayr, 1863a PDF: 429, 440 (Monomorium, Phacota catalogues); Mayr, 1865 PDF: 19, 22 (Trichomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota diagnoses); Mayr, 1867a PDF: 95 (Monomorium diagnosis); Mayr, 1876 PDF: 100 (Australia Monomorium species key); Emery, 1881b: 530 (Mediterranean & Red Sea Monomorium species key); André, 1883a: 331, 343 (Europe & Algeria Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); André, 1883b: 397 (Phacota); Cresson, 1887 PDF: 262 (U.S.A. Monomorium catalogue); Nasonov, 1889: 69 (Russia Monomorium species key); Dalla Torre, 1893 PDF: 65, 71, 72, 78 (Holcomyrmex, Monomorium, Phacota, Trichomyrmex, Lampromyrmex catalogues); Forel, 1903a PDF: 685, 692 (India & Sri Lanka Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Bingham, 1903 PDF: 200, 282 (India, Sri Lanka & Burma Monomorium, Holcomyrmex species keys); Ruzsky, 1905b: 633 (Russian Empire Monomorium species key); Emery, 1908j PDF: 664 (Palaearctic Monomorium species key); Emery, 1915g PDF: 190 (Monomorium subgenera key); Arnold, 1916 PDF: 203, 204 (Monomorium diagnosis, South Africa species key); Emery, 1916a PDF: 161 (Italy Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1921c PDF: 121 (Syllophopsis species key); Emery, 1922c PDF: 166 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 168 (Monomorium (Chelaner) & Monomorium (Notomyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922c PDF: 170 (Monomorium (Monomorium) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 174 (Monomorium (Corynomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 175 (Monomorium (Syllophopsis) & Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) diagnoses, catalogues); Emery, 1922c PDF: 179 (Monomorium (Parholcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 181 (Monomorium (Holcomyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 183 (Monomorium (Lampromyrmex) diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 184 (Epixenus diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 185 (Trichomyrmex diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 186 (Wheeleriella diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 187 (Phacota diagnosis, catalogue); Emery, 1922c PDF: 204 (Epoecus diagnosis, catalogue); Wheeler, 1922: 161, 675, 862, 1026 (Monomorium diagnosis, subgenera key, Afrotropical, Malagasy catalogues); Menozzi, 1933b PDF: 64 (Israel Monomorium species key); Santschi, 1936a PDF: 33 (Mediterranean & Africa Monomorium (Xeromyrmex) key); Buren, 1944a PDF: 289 (U.S.A., Iowa Monomorium species key); Kusnezov, 1949a PDF: 431 (Argentina Monomorium species); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 217 (North America Monomorium species key); Creighton, 1950a PDF: 239 (Epoecus, review of genus); Chapman & Capco, 1951 PDF: 162, 169 (Asia Ireneidris, Monomorium, Trichomyrmex, Wheeleriella checklists); Bernard, 1955b: 282 (Epixenus species key); Brown, 1958h PDF: 28 (New Zealand Monomorium species key); Gregg, 1963: 367 (U.S.A., Colorado Monomorium species key); Ettershank, 1966 PDF: 82, 93, 100 (Monomorium, Chelaner, Syllophopsis diagnoses, reviews of genera, checklists); Bernard, 1967a PDF: 165 (Monomorium diagnosis, Western Europe species key); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 143 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Kempf, 1972b PDF: 165 (Nothidris catalogue); Alayo, 1974: 14 (Cuba Monomorium species key); Snelling, 1975 PDF: 5 (Nothidris all species key); Snelling & Hunt, 1975 PDF: 79 (Nothidris all species key); Arnol'di & Dlussky, 1978: 538 (former European U.S.S.R. Monomorium species key); Collingwood, 1978 PDF: 82 (Iberian Peninsula Monomorium species key); Smith, 1979: 1381 (North America Monomorium catalogue); Tohmé & Tohmé, 1980a PDF: 1087 (Lebanon & Syria Epixenus species key); Collingwood, 1985 PDF: 267 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Taylor & Brown, 1985: 55, 70 (Australia Chelaner, Monomorium catalogues); DuBois, 1986 PDF: 74 (Nearctic Monomorium species revision, key); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 281 (Phacota diagnosis, review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 283 (Antichthonidris, review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 284 (Nothidris review of genus); Bolton, 1987 PDF: 287 (Monomorium diagnosis, review of genus, Afrotropical species revision, key); Taylor, 1987a PDF: 19, 40 and Taylor, 1987b: 2 (Australia, New Caledonia & New Zealand Monomorium checklist); Agosti & Collingwood, 1987b PDF: 272 (Balkans Monomorium species key); Hölldobler & Wilson, 1990: 14 (synoptic classification); Dlussky, Soyunov & Zabelin, 1990 PDF: 231 (Turkmenistan Monomorium species key); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 326, 357 (Neotropical Monomorium catalogue); Brandão, 1991 PDF: 361 (Nothidris catalogue); Morisita, Kubota, et al. 1992: 38 (Japan Monomorium species key); Arakelian, 1994 PDF: 46 (Armenia Monomorium species key); Bolton, 1995a PDF: 1048, 1050, 1051 (census); Bolton, 1995b: 67, 258, 292, 316 (Antichthonidris, Monomorium, Nothidris, Phacota catalogues); Wu & Wang, 1995a: 88 (China Monomorium species key); Collingwood & Agosti, 1996 PDF: 337 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium species key); Radchenko, 1997G PDF: 211 (Trichomyrmex scabriceps group revision, key); Collingwood & Prince, 1998: 19 (Portugal Monomorium species key); Shattuck, 1999: 145 (Australia synopsis); Heterick, 2001 PDF: 367 (Australia Monomorium species revision, key); Zhou, 2001A PDF: 112 (China, Guangxi Monomorium species key); Mackay & MacKay, 2002 PDF: 127 (U.S.A., New Mexico Monomorium species key); Heterick, 2006 PDF: 84 (Malagasy Monomorium species revision, key); Fernández, 2007B: 139 (Neotropical Monomorium species key); Terayama, 2009 PDF: 154 (Taiwan species key); Heterick, 2009 PDF: 158 (south-western Australia species key); Aldawood & Sharaf, 2011 PDF: 52 (Saudi Arabia Monomorium monomorium group key); Sarnat & Economo, 2012 PDF: 86 (Fiji species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013 PDF (Afrotropical hildebrandti-group species key); Sharaf & Aldawood, 2013 PDF (Saudi Arabia monomorium-group species key); Sparks, Andersen & Austin, 2014 PDF: 498 (rothsteini-group species review, key)

Taxon Page Images:



Monomorium sydneyense queen and workers in the brood nest. Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.

Distribution:

   Genus is native to: Afrotropical, Australasia, Indomalaya, Malagasy, Nearctic, Neotropical, Oceania, Palearctic bioregions (based on species list records).

Afrotropical Region: Africa, Angola, Batha, Bioko Sur, Botswana, Bundibugyo, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Cameroon, Central, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eastern, Eastern, Eastern Africa, Eastern Cape, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estuaire, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Gauteng, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hadjer-Lamis, Haut-Katanga, Haut-Uélé, Ivory Coast, Kabarole, Kakamega, Kenya, Khartoum, Kilifi, KwaZulu-Natal, Lac, Lesotho, Liberia, Limpopo, Lindi, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Middle Africa, Morogoro, Mozambique, Mpumalanga, Mtwara, Nakuru, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, North-West, Northern, Northern Cape, Ogooué-Maritime, Pwani, Rwanda, Sangha-Mbaéré, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South, South Africa, South-West, Southern Africa, Sudan, Tana River, Tanzania, Togo, Tshopo, Uganda, Western, Western Africa, Western Cape, Woleu-Ntem, YeDebub Bihēroch Bihēreseboch na Hizboch, Zambia, Zanzibar Central/South, Zimbabwe, Āmara
Australasia Region: Auckland, Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Australian Capital Territory, Barrow Island, Canterbury, Central, Eastern Highlands, Lord Howe Island, Madang, Makira-Ulawa, Morobe, National Capital, New Caledonia, New South Wales, New Zealand, Nord, Norfolk Island, Northern, Northern Territory, Nusa Tenggara Timur, Oceania, Papua, Papua New Guinea, Queensland, Solomon Islands, South Australia, Tasmania, Vanuatu, Victoria, Western Australia
Indomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Arunachal Pradesh, Asia, Assam, Bangladesh, Borneo, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Jawa Barat, Krakatau Islands, Laguna, Lampung, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Nicobar Island, Okinawa, Philippines, Rakhine, Sabah, Singapore, Songkhla, South-Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, Sri Lanka, Sumatera Barat, Taiwan, Tamil Nadu, Thailand, Vietnam, West Bengal, Yunnan
Malagasy Region: Anjouan, Antananarivo, Antsiranana, Comoros, Fianarantsoa, Grande Comore, Juan de Nova Island, Madagascar, Mahajanga, Mauritius, Mayotte, Mohéli, Reunion, Rodrigues, Saint-Denis, Seychelles, Toamasina, Toliara
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Alberta, Arizona, Arkansas, Baja California, British Columbia, California, Canada, Chihuahua, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Hidalgo, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North America, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Sonora, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Washington, D.C., Wyoming
Neotropical Region: Alajuela, Amazonas, Americas, Anguilla, Aragua, Argentina, Atlántida, Bahamas, Barbados, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil, Canindeyú, Caribbean, Cayman Islands, Central America, Chiapas, Chile, Chiquimula, Colombia, Colón, Costa Rica, Cuba, Darién, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Duarte, Ecuador, El Salvador, Espírito Santo, Estelí, Francisco Morazán, French Guiana, Galapagos Islands, Galápagos, Granma, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guanacaste, Guantánamo, Guatemala, Guerrero, Guyana, Haiti, Heredia, Holguín, Honduras, Izabal, Jamaica, Limón, Madre de Dios, Magallanes y de la Antártica Chilena, Managua, Martinique, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Minas Gerais, Monseñor Nouel, Morelos, Nacional, Nayarit, Nicaragua, Oaxaca, Panama, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Petén, Potaro-Siparuni, Puerto Rico, Puntarenas, Región Metropolitana, Rio de Janeiro, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, San Cristóbal, San José, Sinaloa, South America, Suchitepéquez, Suriname, Trelawny, Trinidad and Tobago, United States Virgin Islands, Uruguay, Valparaíso, Venezuela, Veracruz, Westmoreland, Yucatán
Oceania Region: Aimeliik, Airai, American Samoa, Angaur, Ba, Cook Islands, Fiji, French Polynesia, Guam, Hawaii, Kayangel, Kiribati, Koror, Lau, Lomaiviti, Marshall Islands, Melanesia, Micronesia, Micronesia, Ngatpang, Niue, Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Peleliu, Pohnpei, Polynesia, Ra, Rewa, Samoa, Sonsorol, Tokelau, Tonga, Wallis and Futuna
Palearctic Region: 'Adan, Afghanistan, Al Bahah, Albania, Algeria, Alicante, Andalusia, Ar Riyad, Armenia, Austria, Balearic Islands, Belarus, Belgium, Brussels Capital, Bulgaria, Canary Islands, Central Asia, China, Crete, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, East Flanders, Eastern Asia, Eastern Europe, Egypt, Estonia, Europe, Eşfahān, Faroe Islands, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Gibraltar, Greece, Hungary, Hyōgo, Ionía Nísia, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Jammu and Kashmir, Japan, Jazan, Jersey, Kairouan, Kaliningrad, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lebanon, Libya, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macaronesia, Madeira, Malta, Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Netherlands, North Korea, Northern Africa, Northern Europe, Norway, Notío Aigaío, Okayama, Oman, Palestine, Peloponnísos, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Southern Europe, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, Valencia, West Flanders, Western Asia, Western Europe, Yemen, Zanjān

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Monomorium   Heterick, B. E., 2006, A revision of the Malagasy ants belonging to genus Monomorium Mayr, 1855 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences 57, pp. 69-202: 79-83, (download) 79-83 21061
Monomorium   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 34, (download) 34 21008
Monomorium   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 14, (download) 14 21008
Monomorium   Wheeler, W. M., 1922, The ants collected by the American Museum Congo Expedition., Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 45, pp. 39-269: 161-162, (download) 161-162 20597
Monomorium   Mohamed, S., Zalat, S. & Fadl, H., 2001, Taxonomy of ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) collected by pitfall traps from Sinai and Delta region, Egypt., Egyptian Journal of Natural History 3, pp. 40-61: 52, (download) 52 21622
Monomorium   Forel, A., 1891, Histoire naturelle des Hymenopteres. Deuxieme partie: Les Formicides., Histoire Physique, Naturelle et Politique de Madagascar., Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale, pp. 1-231: 163, (download) 163 6734
Monomorium   Forel, A., 1892, Hymenopteres 2 (supplement au 28 fascicule). Les Formicides., Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar. 20., Paris: Unknown Publisher, pp. 232-280: 255, (download) 255 8239
Monomorium   Eguchi, K., Viet, B. T. & Yamane, S., 2011, Generic synopsis of the Formicidae of Vietnam (Insecta: Hymenoptera), Part I - Myrmicinae and Pseudomyrmicinae., Zootaxa 2878, pp. 1-61: 19-20, (download) 19-20 23462
Monomorium   Fernández, F., 2007, Two new South American species of Monomorium Mayr with taxonomic notes on the genus., Advances in ant systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage to E. O. Wilson - 50 years of contributions. (Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 80), pp. 128-145: 130-131, (download) 130-131 21280
Monomorium   Collingwood, C. A., 1979, The Formicidae (Hymenoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark., Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 8, pp. 1-174: 62, (download) 62 6175


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