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Species: Plectroctena mandibularis   Smith, 1858 

Download Data

Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Plectroctena mandibularis Smith, 1858a PDF: 101, pl. 7, figs. 1-5 (m., ergatoid q., not w.) SOUTH AFRICA. Afrotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Forel, 1913a PDF: 108 (w.); Arnold, 1915: 86 (w.).
Material of the nomen nudum Plectroctena caffra referred here: Roger, 1861a PDF: 41.
Senior synonym of Plectroctena major: Emery, 1899d PDF: 469; Bolton, 1974c PDF: 330; of Plectroctena integra and material of the unavailable name Plectroctena strialiventris referred here: Bolton, 1974c PDF: 330; of Plectroctena conjugata: Villet et al., 1999 PDF: 282.

Taxon Page Images:

Photos © Philip Herbst; Fort Beaufort, Eastern Cape


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Africa: Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):

Distribution Notes:

Reference for Kenya if not type: Bolton 1974h


Caste of types: (m, q)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Plectroctena mandibularis   Emery, C., 1895, Voyage de M. E. Simon dans l'Afrique australe (janvier-avril 1893). 3 e mémoire. Formicides., Annales de la Société Entomologique de France 64, pp. 15-56: 5, (download) 5 3788
Plectroctena mandibularis   Mayr, G., 1895, Afrikanische Formiciden., Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 10, pp. 124-154: 124, (download) 124 4387
Plectroctena mandibularis   Santschi, F., 1914, Formicidae., Voyage de Ch. Alluaud et R. Jeannel en Afrique Orientale (1911 - 1912). Résultats scientifiques. Hyménoptères 2, pp. 41-148: 54, (download) 54 8111
Plectroctena mandibularis   Smith, F., 1858, Catalogue of the hymenopterous insects in the collection of the British Museum. Part VI. Formicidae., London: British Museum: 101-102, (download) 101-102 8127

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 15 times found in Grassland, 7 times found in dry forest, 4 times found in Savanna, 3 times found in miombo at base of inselberg, 2 times found in montane forest, 2 times found in Lydenburgia - Vitex Open Woodland on hillslope (in Sekhukhune Mountain Bushveld), 1 times found in shrubland, 2 times found in Heavily grazed grassland, 1 times found in Rand Highveld Grassland, rocky ridge, 2 times found in Acacia Closed Woodland (in Sekhukhune Plains Bushveld), ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 9 times ground forager(s), 5 times under stone, 2 times ex soil, 1 times under rotten log, 2 times pitfall trap, 1 times ex root mat, ground layer, 1 times under stone; clay soils; c30 workers, 2 times Malaise trap, 1 times yellow pan trap, 1 times sandy ground [path], 1 times grassy grove, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 22 times Pitfall trap, 7 times Hand collected, 2 times pitfall trap, PF 25 cup sample transect, 10m, 2 times Malaise trap, 4 Malaise traps, 2 times Pitfall trap, 5 days, 1 times Hand collected, under rock, 1 times Pitfall trap, 3 week, 1 times pooter, 1 times yellow pan trap, YP 25 trap transect.

Elevations: collected from 35 - 2250 meters, 877 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Plectroctena caffra major: casent0907335; syntype of Plectroctena mandibularis integra: casent0915290; syntype of Plectroctena minor conjugata: casent0915284, rmcaent000017734; syntype of Simopelta jeckylli: casent0902467; type of Plectroctena mandibularis var. striativentris: focol1014, focol1015

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