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Extant: 2 valid subspecies
|Subspecies of Camponotus herculeanus: Forel, 1874 PDF: 39; Mayr, 1886d PDF: 420; Emery, 1893k PDF: 674; Forel, 1915d: 68; Karavaiev, 1927d: 275.|
|Status as species: André, 1882a PDF: 142; Forel, 1889 PDF: 255; Nasonov, 1889: 10; Forel, 1899h PDF: 130; Bondroit, 1912 PDF: 352; Bondroit, 1918 PDF: 69; Emery, 1920b PDF: 255; Menozzi, 1922d PDF: 143; Emery, 1925d PDF: 73; Karavaiev, 1936: 181; Stitz, 1939: 237; Röszler, 1942a PDF: 54; Holgersen, 1942b PDF: 11; Kutter, 1977c: 205; Collingwood, 1979 PDF: 91; Atanassov & Dlussky, 1992: 212.|
|Senior synonym of Camponotus obsoleta: Emery, 1892c PDF: 161; of Camponotus herculeanoligniperdus: Bolton, 1995b: 108.|
Worker. Alitrunk bright yellowish red to red; pubescence is short and sparse, usually absent on medial dorsal surfaces of the first and second gaster tergites. Length: 6-14 mm.
Queen. Propodeum, scale and usually anterior face of gaster clear red, rest worker, head punctures shallow. Length: 16-18 mm.
Male. Pilosity reduced so that projecting hairs usually absent from the first gasw tergite with only one or two present towards the posterior border of the second tergite. Length: 8-12 mm.
Distribution. Common in Central and South Fennoscandia north to latitude 63°; more local in Denmark; not found in British Isles. - Range: Central Spain to West Russia, Sicily to Central Sweden.
Biology. This species is characteristically found in stony banks and along the sun exposed borders of woodland, either nesting under stones or in dry stumps. It is an aggressive ant biting freely and will sometimes attack other CamponotusHNS or FormicaHNS colonies. The larger workers bite their opponents clean through the alitrunk or crush their heads with their strong mandibles. A more xerothermic species than C. herculeanusHNS its habits are otherwise similar.
Found most commonly in these habitats: 90 times found in Unknown, 2 times found in Forest, 1 times found in P. sylvestris, Betula, Juniperus, 2 times found in Mixed montane forest, 2 times found in Rocks (rocky-calcareous grasslands), 2 times found in N-slope, pine forest, 1 times found in N-slope, Quercus forest, 1 times found in open rocky slope, 1 times found in forest edge, 1 times found in Meadow, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 6 times on the ground, 3 times ground foragers, 3 times ground forager, 2 times under stone, 1 times Tocón, 1 times undermoss, 1 times on tree, 1 times on log, 1 times dry log, 1 times Base of stump, log stage 2.
Collected most commonly using these methods: 26 times Manual catch, 17 times search, 6 times Hand.
Elevations: collected from 500 - 1950 meters, 1110 meters average
Type specimens: syntype of Camponotus herculeanus herculeanoligniperdus: casent0909956