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Species: Solenopsis invicta   Buren, 1972 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2018)

Solenopsis invicta Buren, 1972 PDF: 9, fig. 2 (w.q.m.) BRAZIL. Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Junior synonym of Solenopsis wagneri: Bolton, 1995b: 388.
[Trager, 1991 PDF: 173 incorrectly gave Solenopsis wagneri as an unavailable name; the name is available and has priority over Solenopsis invicta, see note under Solenopsis wagneri.].
Solenopsis invicta conserved over Solenopsis wagneri because of usage, in accord with ICZN (1999): Shattuck, Porter & Wojcik, 1999: 27.
See also: Rhoades, 1977: 1; Smith, 1979: 1386.

Taxon Page Video:


 Species is native to: Neotropical bioregion (based on species list records).

Australasia Region: Australia, Australia and New Zealand, Oceania
Indomalaya Region: Asia
Nearctic Region: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North America, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States
Neotropical Region: Americas, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Aruba, Brazil, British Virgin Islands, Caribbean, Cayman Islands, Central, Central America, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Mexico, Montserrat, Paraguay, Puerto Rico, Saint Martin, Santiago del Estero, South America, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, United States Virgin Islands
Oceania Region: Hawaii
Palearctic Region: China, Eastern Asia

Distribution Notes:

Paraguay: Boquerón, Caaguazú, Canindeyú, Central, Guairá, Ñeembucú, Paraguarí, Pte. Hayes


An aggressive tramp species, invasive outdoors in warmer climates. Dispersed with tropical plants, and in sod from southern states brought into ILLINOIS.


Introduced species.


(Dutch vernacular name: rode vuurmier)

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Solenopsis invicta   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 36, (download) 36 21367
Solenopsis invicta   Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: -1, (download) -1 21008

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 1 times found in urban garden, 5 times found in desert scrub, 1 times found in mangrove swamp, 1 times found in open area in oak woodland, 1 times found in Pond edge in pine flatwoods, 1 times found in beach margin, 1 times found in coastal dune remant, 1 times found in Shaded lawn, 2 times found in hammock, 1 times found in in scrub habitat, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 5 times pitfall trap, 1 times efn Passiflora incarnata, 1 times nest under rock, 2 times leaf litter, 1 times ground nest, 1 times colony floating on water, solenopsis another colony as above (1720) times palm/oak hammock, 1734, solenopsis small crater in sand, queen 5-10cm down. times palm/oak hammock, 1720, sol times Luer house, mangrove-lined bay edge, backed by hammock on shell mound. 1709.

Collected most commonly using these methods: 8 times search, 1 times direct collection, 8 times Ground nest, 5 times pitfall trap, 5 times Ground forager, 2 times Winkler, 1 times hand collecting, 2 times Mound colony, 0 times ant bait trap, 2 times Nest under stone, 2 times Davis leaf litter sifting, ...

Elevations: collected from 1 - 1515 meters, 189 meters average

Type specimens: paratype of Solenopsis invicta: casent0902350; syntype of Solenopsis saevissima wagneri: casent0913949

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