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Genus: Heteroponera   Mayr, 1887 


Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2016)

28 species

Heteroponera Mayr, 1887 PDF: 532 . Type-species: Heteroponera carinifrons, by monotypy. AntCat AntWiki

Taxonomic history

Heteroponera in Ponerinae, Ectatommini: Emery, 1911e PDF: 35; Forel, 1917 PDF: 236; all subsequent authors to the following.
Heteroponera as genus: Brown, 1952h PDF: 70; Kusnezov, 1956a PDF: 13; Brown, 1958g PDF: 194; all subsequent authors.
Heteroponera as senior synonym of Paranomopone: Brown, in Borgmeier, 1957a PDF: 112;Brown, 1958g PDF: 194.
Genus Heteroponera references
Dalla Torre, 1893Dalla Torre, K. W. 1893. Catalogus Hymenopterorum hucusque descriptorum systematicus et synonymicus. Vol. 7. Formicidae (Heterogyna). Leipzig: W. Engelmann, 289 pp. [1893] PDF 124002: 43 (catalogue); Emery, 1911eEmery, C. 1911e. Hymenoptera. Fam. Formicidae. Subfam. Ponerinae. Genera Insectorum 118:1-125. [1911-09-09] PDF 124702: 35 (diagnosis, catalogue as part of Acanthoponera); Wheeler, 1923fWheeler, W. M. 1923f. Ants of the genera Myopias and Acanthoponera. Psyche (Cambridge) 30:175-192. [1923-12] PDF 130168: 190 (all species key as part of Acanthoponera); Brown, 1958gBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958g. Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. II. Tribe Ectatommini (Hymenoptera). Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 118:173-362. [1958-06] PDF 123146: 194, 196 (review of genus, Australia-New Zealand species key, New World species key); Brown, 1958hBrown, W. L., Jr. 1958h. A review of the ants of New Zealand. Acta Hymenopterologica 1:1-50. [1958-07-30] PDF 123147: 17 (New Zealand species); Kempf, 1962aKempf, W. W. 1962a. Retoques à classificação das formigas neotropicais do gênero Heteroponera Mayr (Hym., Formicidae). Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (São Paulo) 15:29-47. [1962-07-02] PDF 126332: 31 (Neotropical species key); Kempf, 1972bKempf, W. W. 1972b. Catálogo abreviado das formigas da região Neotropical. Studia Entomologica 15:3-344. [1972-08-25] PDF 126357: 117 (Neotropical catalogue); Taylor & Brown, 1985Taylor, R. W.; Brown, D. R. 1985. Formicoidea. Zoological Catalogue of Australia 2:1-149, 306-348. [1985] 129218: 30 (Australia catalogue); Taylor, 1987aTaylor, R. W. 1987a. A checklist of the ants of Australia, New Caledonia and New Zealand (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). CSIRO (Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization) Division of Entomology Report 41:1-92. [1987-06] PDF 129202: 28 (Australia, New Zealand checklist); Fernández, 1993Fernández, F. 1993. Hormigas de Colombia III: los géneros Acanthoponera Mayr, Heteroponera Mayr y Paraponera Fr. Smith (Formicidae: Ponerinae: Ectatommini). Caldasia 17:249-258. [1993-12] 124898: 250 (Colombia species key); Bolton, 1995aBolton, B. 1995a. A taxonomic and zoogeographical census of the extant ant taxa (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 29:1037-1056. [1995-08] PDF 122859: 1050 (census); Bolton, 1995bBolton, B. 1995b. A new general catalogue of the ants of the world. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 504 pp. [1995-10] 122860: 212 (catalogue); Shattuck, 1999Shattuck, S. O. 1999. Australian ants. Their biology and identification. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing, xi + 226 pp. [1999-01] 132308: 186 (Australia synopsis); Arias-Penna & Fernández, 2008Arias-Penna, T. M.; Fernández, F. 2008. Subfamilia Heteroponerinae. Pp. 109-117 in: Jiménez, E.; Fernández, F.; Arias, T.M.; Lozano-Zambrano, F. H. (eds.) 2008. Sistemática, biogeografía y conservación de las hormigas cazadoras de Colombia. Bogotá: Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humboldt, xiv + 609 pp. [2008-12-26] [2008-12-26] PDF 130685: 113 (Neotropical species key); Heterick, 2009Heterick, B. E. 2009. A guide to the ants of south-western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum Supplement 76:1-206. PDF 131481: 142 (south-western Australia species key); Taylor, 2011Taylor, R. W. 2011. Australasian ants of the subfamily Heteroponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): (1) General introduction and review of the Heteroponera leae (Wheeler, 1923) species group, with descriptions of two new species. Myrmecological News 15:117-123. [2011-05-18] PDF 132843: 118 (Australia groups and Heteroponera leae group species key); Taylor, 2015Taylor, R. W. 2015. Australasian ants of the subfamily Heteroponerinae (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): (2) the species-group of Heteroponera relicta (Wheeler), with descriptions of nine new species and observations on morphology, biogeography and phylogeny of the genus. Zootaxa 3947(2):151-180. [2015-04-15] PDF 142741: 151 (Australasian Heteroponera relicta group revision, species key)

Taxon Page Images:

Heteroponera imbellis Yandoit, Victoria, Australia.
Image © Alex Wild.


Australian Region: Australia, New Zealand, Queensland, Western Australia
Neotropical Region: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, French Guiana, Mato Grosso do Sul, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Uruguay, Venezuela

Taxon Page Author History

On 2013-08-22 06:41:57 Zach Lieberman modified Images
On 2013-08-22 06:41:14 Zach Lieberman modified Images

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Treatment Citation: Brown, W. L., 1952, Heteroponera Mayr reinstated (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Psyche 59, pp. 70-70

Heteroponera Mayr ReinstatedHNS (Hymenoptera: FormicidaeHNS) .

- Heteroponera MayrHNS (1887, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 533) has remained suppressed as a synonym of Acanthoponera MayrHNS for many years. Wheeler (1923, loc. cit.) has shown, however that AcanthoponeraHNS can be split into two groups; one group { AcanthoponeraHNS s. str.) having the tarsal claws with an extra, strong tooth and a basal lobe (or tooth), while the second group (Anacanthoponera Wheeler) has the tarsal claws at most with a single, weak median tooth. In this second group, Wheeler included Heteroponera carinifrons MayrHNS, and since HeteroponeraHNS, with the genotype H. carinifronsHNS, has precedence, it must be reinstated as a good genus. Anacanthoponera Wheeler (1923, Psyche, 30: 176, as a subgenus of AcanthoponeraHNS) is a new synonym of HeteroponeraHNS, since the genotype, Ponera dolo RogerHNS, is congeneric with H. carinifronsHNS.

AcanthoponeraHNS is neotropical, and has well developed propodeal teeth and the petiolar apex produced as a long tooth or spine; Kusnezov (in litt.) finds A. mucronataHNS to have 6, 4 palpal segmentation. HeteroponeraHNS is neotropical and Australasian , and the propodeal teeth and dentiform petiolar apex are absent or feebly developed; H. imbellis EmeryHNS has 3, 3 palpal segmentation (my dissection). Until more species can be critically examined, AcanthoponeraHNS and HeteroponeraHNS should be considered as distinct genera. AcanthoponeraHNS appears to be the most generalized living member of the EctatomminiHNS, and is probably close to the stem from which the proceratiines, the myrmicines and ParaponeraHNS arose. - W. L. Brown, Jr., Museum of Comparative Zoology , Harvard University.

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