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Species: Odontomachus haematodus   (Linnaeus, 1758) 

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Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2019)

Formica haematoda Linnaeus, 1758 PDF: 582 (q.) "AMERICA MERIDIONALI". Neotropic. AntCat AntWiki HOL

Taxonomic history

Combination in Odontomachus: Latreille, 1804: 179.
Senior synonym of Odontomachus maxillosa: Retzius, 1783 PDF: 75; Olivier, 1792: 502; Latreille, 1802a: 192; of Odontomachus hirsutiusculus: Roger, 1863b PDF: 22; Brown, 1976a: 104; of Odontomachus pallipes and material of the unavailable name Odontomachus bruneipes referred here: Brown, 1976a: 104.


  Geographic regions (According to curated Geolocale/Taxon lists):
    Americas: Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, United States, United States Virgin Islands, Venezuela
  Biogeographic regions (According to curated Bioregion/Taxon lists):
    Nearctic, Neotropical

Distribution Notes:

Brown (1976) considered Odontomachus haematodus to be restricted to "cis-Andean continental S America from [the] Orinoco Delta to Tucumán, Argentina." Records from elsewhere should be treated cautiously. (Including range previously given here, but provided for integrity: India,Neotropical: Argentina, Bolivia, Peru, Eucador, Guyana, French Guiana, Trinidad & Tobago, Venezuela, Brazil, Surinam, Philippines, Colombia, Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Greater Antilles, Lesser Antilles, Bahamas.)


Striae on head reaching occipital carina; first gastric tergum predominantly smooth; metasternum with acute paired denticles anterior to metacoxae; body brown, legs yellow to brown. Easily confused with the Nearctic Odontomachus brunneus, but the latter taxon lacks metasternal processes.


Brown, W. L., Jr. (1976) Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section A. Introduction, subtribal characters. Genus Odontomachus. Studia Entomologica, 19: 67-171.

Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)

Scientific Name Status Publication Pages ModsID GoogleMaps
Odontomachus haematodus   Wild, A. L., 2007, A catalogue of the ants of Paraguay (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 1622, pp. 1-55: 39, (download) 39 21367
Odontomachus haematodus   Sorger, D. M. & Zettel, H., 2011, On the ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) of the Philippine Islands: V. The genus Odontomachus Latreille, 1804., Myrmecological News 14, pp. 141-163: 157-158, (download) 157-158 23311

Specimen Habitat Summary

Found most commonly in these habitats: 34 times found in mixed forest near estuary, 0 times found in coastal hardwood forest, nest in ground, 8 times found in oak/pine forest in rotting Pinus sp stump, 7 times found in bottomland forest/marsh, 0 times found in hardwood-pine forest near estuary, litter sample, 6 times found in Tropical Hardwood Forest, 6 times found in pitcher plant bog, 6 times found in foredunes, 0 times found in coastal hardwood forest, litter sample, 4 times found in mixed forest near estuary, at tree seep, ...

Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 0 times litter, 4 times soil and litter, 3 times general collecting, 3 times in log, 2 times at bait, 2 times strays, 2 times soil, 1 times Base of hardwood in soil, 1 times at base of tree, 1 times under log, 1 times on wild fig tree, ...

Collected most commonly using these methods: 15 times blacklight trap, 13 times pitfall trap, 0 times Berlese funnel, 8 times direct collection, 9 times pan trap, 9 times general collecting, 6 times blacklight and mercury vapor lamp, 4 times mercury vapor lamp, 3 times search, 2 times blacklight box trap, 1 times in litter, ...

Elevations: collected from 30 - 1014 meters, 296 meters average

Type specimens: Holotype of Odontomachus haematoda pallipes: casent0900582; syntype of Odontomachus hirsutisculus: casent0900581; syntype of Odontomachus haematodus pubescens bruneipes: casent0904007

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