See Also: Anochetus graeffei_nr
Taxonomic History (provided by Barry Bolton, 2017)
Distribution:Afrotropical Region: Africa
, Eastern Africa
, South Africa
, Southern AfricaAustralasia Region: Australia
, Australia and New Zealand
, New Caledonia
, New South Wales
, Northern Territory
, Papua New Guinea
, Solomon Islands
, Western AustraliaIndomalaya Region: Andaman and Nicobar Islands
, Krakatau Islands
, Kuala Lumpur
, Nicobar Island
, North Central
, South-Eastern Asia
, Southern Asia
, Sri Lanka
, Tamil Nadu
, West Bengal
, YunnanMalagasy Region: SeychellesOceania Region: Airai
, Cook Islands
, French Polynesia
, Marshall Islands
, Northern Mariana Islands
, Wallis and FutunaPalearctic Region: China
, Eastern Asia
In Fiji: Anochetus graeffei
is the only species of this genus known from Fiji. The single waist segment and linear trap-jaws group it together with Fijis two Odontomachus
species, from which it can be separated by its smaller size, scale-shaped petiolar node lacking an apical spine, and nuchal carinae that do not converge in a V at the midline of the posterodorsal margin of head. The species is reported to be highly variable across the Pacific (Brown, 1978; Wilson, 1959b), especially with regards to the sculpturing of the first gastral tergite and color. These differences are observed in Fiji, and are particularly prominent in the queen caste. While the vast majority of the Fiji material examined is dark and smooth, there is one nest series (e.g., CASENT0186295, CASENT0186295) collected on Taveuni in which the specimens are a distinctly lighter yellow brown and the sculpturing is heavier. The sculpture of the queen is considerably more punctate on the first gastral segment than is that of the more typical Fijian morphotype, including one specimen also collected from Taveuni (CASENT0194580).
Wilson (1959b), in his remarks on the odontomachines being represented by only A. graeffei
and O. simillimus
on New Caledonia, suggested the species were introduced there by humans. The same may well hold true for Fiji. The species is widespread across the archipelago and is recorded from all the major islands with the exceptions of Ovalau and Gau.
Sarnat, E.M. & Economo, E.P. (In Press) Ants of Fiji. University of California Publications in Entomology.
Taxonomic Treatment (provided by Plazi)
Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 564, (download)
Brown, WL Jr.,, 1978, Contributions toward a reclassification of the Formicidae. Part VI. Ponerinae, tribe Ponerini, subtribe Odontomachiti. Section B. Genus Anochetus and bibliography., Studia Entomologica 20, pp. 549-638: 586-588, (download)
Specimen Habitat Summary
Found most commonly in these habitats: 18 times found in primary rainforest, 7 times found in rainforest, 21 times found in disturbed forest, 4 times found in coastal forest, 0 times found in Dry sclerophyll, 4 times found in secondary forest, 5 times found in montane rainforest, 2 times found in disturbed rainforest, 2 times found in 2ndgrowth veg., 1 times found in Forest, ...
Found most commonly in these microhabitats: 39 times sifted litter, 4 times nesting under stone, 5 times under stone, 0 times Berlesate, 0 times Under rock, 0 times Berlesate, sieved litter, 2 times ex. soil, leaf itter, decaying wood, 4 times sifted leaf litter, 1 times nesting in dead log, 1 times litter, 4 times ex sifted leaf litter, ...
Collected most commonly using these methods: 42 times L, 10 times H, 19 times davis-sifting; incidental aspirated, 11 times winkler, 1 times Berlesate, 2 times Hand-Collected from 1 square meter of sifted leaf litter, 4 times 1 sq meter leaf litter winkler extraction, 4 times M, 3 times Random coll. Winkler sifting, 2 times davis-sifting; incidental aspirated; PB bait, 2 times m2 Winkler sifting, ...
Elevations: collected from 1 - 1219 meters, 328 meters average
Type specimens: holotype of Anochetus amati: casent0916845; Lectotype of Anochetus graeffei: casent0915887; syntype of Anochetus minutus: casent0915156, casent0916846; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris: casent0915888; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris oceanicus: casent0916736; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris taylori: casent0907409; syntype of Anochetus punctiventris oceanicus: casent0903977; syntype of Anochetus rudis: casent0903978
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